Interactive Look at Nigeria’s Supply Chain Nigeria Supply Chain Strategy Development Workshop Johnnie Amenyah 16 April, 2008
Presentation Overview • Explain the purpose of the supply chain • Define key supply chain components • Describe recent history of supply chain interventions in Nigeria • Summarize key supply chain assessment findings and recommendations
Purpose of the Supply Chain Effective supply chains ensure— • the right goods • in the right quantities • in the right condition • are delivered to the right place • at the right time • for the right cost No Product? No Program!
Quality Quality Quality Quality Quality The Logistics Cycle
Supply Chain Strengthening • Reproductive health program (since 2002) • Contraceptives and condoms • HIV/AIDS program (since 2005) • ARV drugs, RTKs, OI drugs, lab reagents & supplies • Training for logistics managers from • Reproductive health program • HIV/AIDS program • Tuberculosis program • Malaria program • Central Medical Stores
Recent Supply Chain Assessments • Feasibility of Integrating Supply Chains (2005) • ARV Distribution System (2007) • Central Medical Stores for HIV/AIDS Commodities (2007) • OI Drugs and Laboratory Supply Logistics System (2007) • HIV/AIDS Commodities LMIS (2007) • NMOD HIV/AIDS Program Logistics System (2007) • NMOD Medical Warehouse Needs • Contraceptive Logistics Management System (2007) • Central and Regional Contraceptive Warehouses (2007) • Reproductive Health Commodity Security (2008)
Common Findings –General • Multiple program-specific vertical supply chains requiring coordination or shared resources. • Multitude of added processes and players • Need for clear performance measures and routine monitoring and supervision
Common Findings—Quantification & Procurement Need for: • Coordinated national quantification within programs • Quantification capacity building • Quality data for accurate quantification • Improved procurement planning • Shortened procurement lead-times • Improved coordination among suppliers/donors
Common Findings –Storage & Inventory Control • Suboptimal warehouse practices, requiring • Better inventory management • Improved record keeping • Improved infrastructure • Clear management authority • Stronger, routine monitoring and supervision • Regional/state warehousing infrastructure and management need significant attention • Communication between stores and program offices can be strengthened and made routine • Establish and/or ensure compliance with inventory control procedures
Common Findings—LMIS • Improved reporting rates and accuracy would increase effective program management • Paper-based systems are inefficient and burdensome for providers • Automation at national program level will improve access to data for decision-making
Common Findings—Distribution Need for: • Routine access to transport vehicles for collection/delivery • Improved management and oversight of funds for distribution • Stronger oversight and clear performance standards for distribution agents • Routine distribution planning and/or coordination among/between programs
Common Recommendations • Assess the feasibility of integrating some logistics components (i.e. storage, distribution) • Establish or strengthen central coordination mechanisms for quantification and procurement/donor inputs • Improve warehouse infrastructure and management, and automate warehouse inventory control systems • Investigate distribution options and mechanisms
Questions & Comments? Thank you!