We use adjectives and adverbs to add specific details about people, objects, and actions. Without such words, our language and writing would increasingly straightforward and bland. Why?
Notice how adjectives make the second sentence in this pair more descriptive. Coyotes startled the campers. Noisy coyotes startled the sleepy campers. Adjectives
An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or pronoun. • A heavy rainstorm soaked the campsite. • Adjectives help you see, feel, taste, hear, and smell all the experiences you read about. What is an Adjective?
Adjectives answer the questions what kind, which one, how many, and how much. What questions?
The truck drove down the road. The graying, rusty truck drove down the red, dirt road. Add some adjectives to enhance this sentence.
The most commonly used adjectives are the articles a, an, and the. A and an are used with singular nouns. Use a before a word beginning with a consonant sound. Use an before a vowel sound. It was an unusual night so we brought a lamp. Articles
The is an article that points to a particular person, place, thing, or idea. You can use the with singular or plural nouns. The hiker tripped on the trail and dropped the cameras. The article the
Notice how the sentence changes depending on the article you use. Bring me the water bottle from the refrigerator. Bring me a water bottle from the refrigerator. The difference between A and the
A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the verb’s subject. A volcanic eruption isviolent. subject adjective linking verb It is explosive. Predicate Adjectives
Pred. adjs. Can follow other linking verbs. Forms of taste, smell, feel, look, become, and seem are often used as linking verbs. The lava looks thick. Lava becomes hard when it cools. Predicate adjectives
What is an adverb? • An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Explorers eagerlychase adventure. Some explorers visit amazinglybeautiful places. Others quite bravelyexplore the unknown—space. Adverbs
Adverbs answer the questions how, when, where, or to what extent. What questions?
Adverbs can appear in different positions in sentences. (after verb) The tourists boarded the bus eagerly. (before verb) The tourists eagerly boarded the bus. (at beginning) Eagerly, the tourists boarded the bus. Positions in the sentence
The sun is bright. The curry tastes spicy. Last night’s homework was impossible. James’s water bottle was empty. His parents were proud. (more) Predicate Adjectives
Some pairs of adjectives & adverbs are often confused. • Good and Well • Real and Really • Bad and Badly Adjective or adverb?
Goodis always an adjective; it modifies a noun or pronoun. Well is usually an adverb, modifying a verb, an adverb, or an adjective. That was a good documentary about Mt. Everest. The filmmaker presented the information well. After the film, I didn’t feel well. Good and well
Real is always an adjective. Really is always an adverb; modifying a verb, adverb, or adjective. She prefers real mountains to paintings of mountains. The Grand Canyon is really beautiful in the morning. Real and really
Bad is always an adjective. Badly is always an adverb. That wasn’t a bad hike, even though we planned it badly. I often feel bad about staying indoors so much. Bad and badly
Turn to page 137 in your grammar books. (the little one) Complete numbers 1-10 Then turn to the exercise bank on page 548 and complete 1-10 Then complete 115 & 116 in WB. practice
Adjectives and adverbs can be used to compare people or things. Special forms of these words are used to make comparisons. The atmosphere is thinner in the mountains. The water is shallowest by the shore. Making comparisons
Use the comparative form of an adjective or adverb when you compare a person or thing with one other person or thing. Mt. Rainer is higher than Mt. Hood. Mountain climbing is more dangerous than skydiving. Comparative forms
Use the superlative form of an adjective or adverb when you compare someone or something with more than one other person or thing. Mt. Everest is the highest of the three mountains. I think Mt. Fuji is the most beautiful mountain of all. Superlative forms
For most one-syllable modifiers, add –er to form the comparative. Add –est to form the superlative. Changing regular forms
You can also add –er and –est to some two-syllable adjectives. With others, and with two-syllable adverbs, use more and most. Changing regular forms
Adjectives: • Good, better, best • Bad, worse, worst • Adverbs: • Well, better, best • Much, more, most • Little, less, least Irregular forms