Militarism The policy of glorifying military power & keeping large standing armies that are prepared for war.
Alliance An agreement between two or more nations for a common goal.
WWI Alliances Allies Great Britain, France and Russia (joined by the Italy, U.S. and Japan) Central Powers German, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
Nationalism The belief that people should be loyal to their nation.
The “powder keg” of Europe The Balkans – south eastern Europe
The Spark • Austrian Archduke, Franz Ferdinand, assassinated in Sarajevo • Killed by Serbian nationalist, GavriloPrincip
Schlieffen Plan German military plan in WWI, to attack France via Belgium, rapidly defeat France & then move east to attack Russia.
Trench Warfare A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield. • The land between the trenches is called “no-man’s land” Example: the Western Front WWI
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare The use of submarines to sink, without warning, any ship found in enemy waters. Example: sinking of the Lusitania
Total War A conflict in which a nation devotes all of its resources to the war effort.
Propaganda One sided information designed to persuade people.
Rationing Limiting the amount of goods people can buy – often imposed by governments during wartime.
Armistice An agreement to stop fighting.