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Graphing Linear Equations. In Slope-Intercept Form. We have already seen that linear equations have two variables and when we plot all the (x,y) pairs that make the equation true we get a line . .

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graphing linear equations

Graphing Linear Equations

In Slope-Intercept Form

slide2

We have already seen that linear equations have two variables and when we plot all the (x,y) pairs that make the equation true we get a line.

In this section, instead of making a table, evaluating y for each x, plotting the points and making a line, we will use The Slope-Intercept Form of the equation to graph the line.

slide3

These equations are all in Slope-Intercept Form:

Notice that these equations are all solved for y.

slide4

Just by looking at an equation in this form, we can draw the line (no tables).

  • The constant is the y-intercept.
  • The coefficient is the slope.

Constant = 1, y-intercept = 1.

Coefficient = 2, slope = 2.

Constant = -4, y-intercept = -4.

Coefficient = -1, slope = -1.

Constant = -2, y-intercept = -2.

Coefficient = 3/2, slope = 3/2.

slide5

The formula for Slope-Intercept Form is:

  • ‘b’ is the y-intercept.
  • ‘m’ is the slope.

On the next three slides we will graph the three equations:

using their y-intercepts and slopes.

slide6

right 1

up 2

right 1

up 2

1) Plot the y-intercept as a point on the y-axis. The constant, b = 1, so the y-intercept = 1.

2) Plot more points by counting the slope up the numerator (down if negative) and right the denominator. The coefficient, m = 2, so the slope = 2/1.

slide7

down 1

down 1

right 1

right 1

1) Plot the y-intercept as a point on the y-axis. The constant, b = -4, so the y-intercept = -4.

2) Plot more points by counting the slope up the numerator (down if negative) and right the denominator. The coefficient, m = -1, so the slope = -1/1.

slide8

right 2

up 3

right 2

up 3

1) Plot the y-intercept as a point on the y-axis. The constant, b = -2, so the y-intercept = -2.

2) Plot more points by counting the slope up the numerator (down if negative) and right the denominator. The coefficient, m = 3/2, so the slope = 3/2.

slide9
Sometimes we must solve the equation for y before we can graph it.

The constant, b = 3 is the y-intercept.

The coefficient, m = -2 is the slope.

slide10

down 2

down 2

right 1

right 1

1) Plot the y-intercept as a point on the y-axis. The constant, b = 3, so the y-intercept = 3.

2) Plot more points by counting the slope up the numerator (down if negative) and right the denominator. The coefficient, m = -2, so the slope = -2/1.