Definition of Caregiver Kuya fer
4 Stages of Caregiving Source: http://www.agingcarefl.org/caregiver/fourStages/toc
The Four Stages of Caregiving covers caregiving from beginning to heavy home care to nursing homes and end-of-life care.
Stage One: Getting StartedRecognize the impact of caregiving on your life and family, learn how to be a caregiver, and find out more about the older person who needs care. • Section 1: Impact of caregiving. • Section 2: Dignity and Decisions. • Section 3: Educating Yourself. • Section 4: Using a Care Manager. • Section 5: Information List and Notebook. • Section 6: Disater Plan Update. • Section 7: Driving Assessment.
Stage Two: Finding HelpAccept help from family, friends, place of worship, support groups, and formal services. Learn about help for working caregivers. • Section 1: Help from Family and Friends. • Section 2: Help from Faith Communities. • Section 3: Support Groups. • Section 4: Help for Employed Caregivers. • Section 5: Formal Support Services. • Section 6: Relief Through Self Expression. • Section 7: Relief From Telemarketers.
Stage Three: Heavy CarePrevent caregiver burnout and injury while providing heavy-duty care, protect your care receiver's health and safety, and consider facility care. • Section 1: Preventing Caregiver Burnout. • Section 2: Protecting Your Care Receiver. • Section 3: Facility Care.
Stage Four: Letting GoResolve relationships, complete end-of-life decisions, use Hospice care, let yourself grieve, care for yourself, and have a plan for your life after caregiving has ended. • Section 1: Resolving Relationships. • Section 2 End-of-Life Decisions. • Section 3: Hospice Care. • Section 4: Common Concerns of the Dying. • Section 5: Grieving. • Section 6: Caring for the Stage Four Caregiver. • Section 7: Memorials to the Deceased. • Section 8: Reconnecting.
Responsibilities of a Caregiver Respect patient’s privacy and individuality Cultivate patient’s trust Objective in dealing with the patient Communicate thoughts clearly Approach the patient with an open mind Be organized Have good hygiene Perform the different caregiver skills adequately
Family Meetings • Focus: patient care • Develop series of questions and concerns (health, legal, economic or housing issues) • Reassessment the patient’s situation once in a while • Bring up new developments since the last meeting • Be neutral when moderating, with a clear agenda • Avoid arguing. (Don’t try to resolve old family wounds)
Spouse Involvement • Openly communicate his/her feelings
Children Involvement • Honesty about the situation • Listen to their concerns • Ask for their help
Parental Involvement • Crucial • talk to parents • importance of working together in meeting their needs • issues and agree on ground rules
Sibling Involvement • Direct care : Limited participation
Modified Caregiver Strain Index Can provide invaluable clues to the physician as to the needs of the caregiver To tailor interventions to address them Score of ≥ 29 = severe caregiver strain 24-28 = predispose to strain ≤ 23 = normal
Community resources for caregivers Ask a friend of your parent to pick up groceries or get books from the lib A neighbor’s child might visit after school A civic group could provide volunteer home repair or transportation services Your friends could provide back-up child care or transportation
Caregiver Stress • It is the emotional and physical strain of caregiving.
Impact of Stress • both the mind and body are involved • there is a complex interaction of social factors, physical and psychological stress, individual personality, and the ability to adapt to pressure • wears down our immune system and can lead to less resistance to various diseases
Warning Signs • Unusual sadness, moodiness or anger • Social withdrawal from activities and friends • Fatigue, exhaustion and difficulty sleeping, either too much or too little • Change in eating habits, and weight loss or weight gain • Recurrent headaches, stomachaches and colds • Difficult concentrating on other areas of your life, possibly resulting in a decline in work performance • Unexplained irritability • Feelings of dread, hopelessness and depression
What Can We Do to Decrease Stress? • relaxation therapy over a six-week period • breathing techniques • take care of your health • eat nutritious meals • get enough sleep • exercise regularly • regular medical checkups
Maintain Social Contacts • regularly talk with a counselor, support group or close friend • Isolation increases stress • fun, laughing, and focusing on something besides your problems helps you keep your emotional balance • Ask for help when you need it