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  1. LONG FORM AUDIT REPORT - CONSOLIDATION Seminar for Statutory Central Auditors-22.3.2009

  2. Scope of this presentation RBI guidelines on LFAR consolidation Major issues /areas which needs to be commented upon

  3. LONG FORM AUDIT REPORT(LFAR)-Background In the course of audit of a Bank or branch of a Bank, the auditor may come across several matters which are not included in the main report but nevertheless considered important enough to be communicated to the Bank Management. In such circumstances, the auditor in addition to the submitting main report in accordance with the extant requirements, may also submit a separate report to the Management which termed as LFAR In the year 1985, RBI advised PSBs to obtain LFAR from the auditors. The report is not a substitute for the statutory report and is also not deemed to be part of it. The format of LFAR as devised by RBI in 1985 and revised in 1992-93 and 2003

  4. COVERAGE IN LFAR • The statutory Auditors are expected to comment on important issues related with • Advances • Liquidity and funds management • Internal controls • Automation and computerization • Profitability • Others • The list of areas to be covered in LFAR are illustrative • Therefore, decision to include any matter in the report has to be taken on merits.

  5. PROCESS OF CONSOLIDATION • Matters reported by branch auditors • Comments given by Branch auditors needs to be reviewed • Such comments to be included as qualification in main report depending on facts and circumstances of each case • Other comments /adverse remarks needs to be substantiated with proper reasons • Adverse remarks/ observations to be supported by relevant instances • Previous observations and improvement • Suggestions

  6. I - ADVANCES • Loan Policy • Existence of Loan Policy • specifying the prudential exposure norms, • industry-wise exposures, • regular updation of the policy • systems of monitoring and adherence thereto • Issues • Deficiencies/ lacunae in coverage • Adherence to Policy guidelines and extent of deviations

  7. I - ADVANCES • Credit Appraisal • Existence of a well laid-down system of appraisal of loan/credit proposals, including adequacy of information for appraising the credit worthiness of applicant, and adherence thereto , • Issues • Projections vis-a viz underlying assumptions, NFB appraisal, Advance payment BGs, short term loans, project finance v/s ALM and proper due diligence, take over norms etc. • Adherence to the appraisal system

  8. I - ADVANCES • Sanction / disbursement • Delegation of powers/authority at various levels; adherence to authorised limits; whether limits are disbursed after complying with the terms and conditions of sanction. • Issues • Control mechanism to oversee judicious use of delegated powers and monitoring thereof • System to ensure compliance of terms of sanction/ creation of security before release of facility. • Revalidation of facility in case of delay, change in underlying assumptions.

  9. I - ADVANCES • Documentation • System of ensuring that documents are executed as per the terms of sanction. • Nature of documentation defects observed during audit and suggestions to avoid such defects. • System of documentation in respect of joint/consortium advances. • Renewal of documents. • Issues • Vetting of documents , creation of charge • Analysis of irregularities and action plan for prevention

  10. I - ADVANCES • Review/Monitoring / Supervision • Periodic balance confirmation / acknowledgement of debts. • Receiving regular information, Stock/Book Debt statements, Balance Sheet etc. • Receiving audited accounts in case of borrowers with limits beyond Rs. 10 lakhs. • System of scrutiny of the above information and follow-up by the bank. • System of periodic physical verification or inspection of stocks, equipment and machinery and other securities. • System and periodicity of stock audits; • Inspection reports and their follow up. • Norms and awarding of Credit Rating. • Review/renewal of advances including enhancement of limits.

  11. I - ADVANCES Review/Monitoring / Supervision • Monitoring and follow - up of overdues arising out of other businesses such as leasing, hire purchase, credit cards, etc. • Overall monitoring of advances through maturity/ aging analyses; Industry-wise exposures and adherence to the Loan Policy • System of monitoring of off - balance sheet exposures including periodic reviews of: (a) claims against the bank not acknowledged as debts (b) letters of credit (c) guarantees (d) ready forward transactions (e) co-acceptances (f) swaps, etc. • Issues • Shortcomings/ gaps in monitoring mechanism and extent of adherence to existing system • Credit rating model, stock audit policy/ coverage

  12. I - ADVANCES • Recovery Policy in respect of and Bad/doubtful debts/ NPAs • Existence of Recovery Policy, regular updation thereof; monitoring and adherence thereto: compliance with the RBI guidelines. • System of monitoring of recovery from credit card dues in respect of credit cards issued. • Effectiveness of the system for compiling data relating to the bad and doubtful debts and the provision in respect thereof. • System for identification, quantification and adequacy of provision (including at foreign branches). • System for suspension of charging of interest and adherence thereto. • Ascertaining the realisable value of securities (including valuation of fixed assets) and the possible realisation from guarantors including DICGCI/ECGC; • Assessment of the efficacy of rehabilitation programmes. • Method of appropriation of recoveries against principal, interest, etc.

  13. I - ADVANCES • Recovery Policy in respect of and Bad/doubtful debts/ NPAs • System of compromise settlements : Review all such cases and cases of recovery of over Rs. 1.00 crore and also the cases wherein limits of sacrifice laid down in the Recovery Policy is exceeded. Compliance with RBI guidelines. • Provision / write-off: under proper authority. • Recovery procedures including that relating to suit filed and decreed accounts. • System of identifying and reporting of willful defaulters. • Issues • Effectiveness/ reliability of the application for IRAC – Single ID, data capturing and modification thereof, data integrity • Security valuation policy and extent of adherence • W/O ledger/record

  14. I - ADVANCES • Large Advances • Comments on adverse features considered significant and which need management's attention • Issues • Non coverage of adverse comments in other audits/ monitoring mechanism

  15. II – LIQUIDITY AND FUNDS MANAGEMENT • Investment • Existence of Investment Policy and adherence thereto; compliance with RBI guidelines. • System of purchase and sale of investments; delegation of powers; reporting systems, segregation of back office functions, etc. • Controls over investments, including periodic verification/reconciliation of investments with book records. • Valuation; mode; changes in mode of valuation compared to previous year; shortfall and provision thereof. • Investments held at foreign branches; valuation mode; regulatory reserve requirements; liquidity. • Composition of investment portfolio as per RBI guidelines and the depreciation on investments, if any, not provided for. • System relating to unquoted investments in the portfolio and the liquidity of such investments. System relating to SGL / BRs; control over SGL / BRs outstanding at the year end and their subsequent clearance. • System and periodicity of concurrent and internal audit/ inspection of investment activities; follow up of such reports.

  16. II – LIQUIDITY AND FUNDS MANAGEMENT • Investment • System of recording and accounting of income from investments. • System of monitoring of income accrued and due but not received. • System of monitoring matured investments and their timely encashment. • Average yield on investments. • System relating to Repos • Issues • Control and reporting mechanism, efficacy of treasury manual/policy. • Mechanism to ensure adherence to exposure limits fixed to mitigate risks • Transaction handling, effectiveness/ reliability of the treasury software. • Shifting of securities, Non performing investments

  17. II – LIQUIDITY AND FUNDS MANAGEMENT • SLR/CLR requirements – System of ensuring compliance • System of compiling weekly DTL position from branches. • Records maintained for the above purpose • Issues • Data collection/compilation system • Records maintained and MIS integrity

  18. II – LIQUIDITY AND FUNDS MANAGEMENT • Cash • System of monitoring of cash at branches; and management of cash through currency chest operations. • Insurance cover (including insurance for cash in transit). • System and procedure for physical custody of cash. • Issues • Cash management system

  19. II – LIQUIDITY AND FUNDS MANAGEMENT • Call Money operations • System relating to inter-bank call money operations • Issues • System and its efficacy for optimum use of funds • Exposure limits under lending

  20. II – LIQUIDITY AND FUNDS MANAGEMENT Asset Liability Management • Existence of Policy on Asset - Liability Management and monitoring thereof; compliance with the RBI guidelines. • Functioning of Asset Liability Management Committee. • Structural Liquidity at periodical intervals • Issues • Adequacy, efficacy and implementation of the ALM policy • Collection, compilation and integrity of data for ALM • Liquidity mismatch vis-a-viz tolerance limits • Reliability of reporting under off site surveillance system of the RBI

  21. III – INTERNAL CONTROL • Written guidelines /instructions/ manual for accounting aspects • Issues • Updation of MOIs • Accessibility

  22. III – INTERNAL CONTROL • Balancing of books /reconciliation of control and subsidiary records • System of monitoring the position of balancing of books/reconciliation of control and subsidiary records. • Follow-up action. • Issues • Migration audits • Efficacy of the system of monitoring reconciliation

  23. III – INTERNAL CONTROL • Interbranch reconciliation • Comments on the system/procedure and records maintained. • Test check for any unusual entries put through inter-branch/head office accounts. • Position of outstanding entries; system for locating long outstanding items of high value. • Steps taken or proposed to be taken for bringing the reconciliation up-to-date. • Compliance with the RBI guidelines with respect to provisioning for old outstanding entries. • Issues • Shortcomings/ gaps in monitoring mechanism • Adherence existing system

  24. III – INTERNAL CONTROL • Branch Inspections • System of branch inspections: frequency; scope/coverage of inspection/internal audit, concurrent audit or revenue audit: reporting. • System of follow-up of these reports; position of compliance. • Issues • Progress under adoption of Risk Based Audit Approach • Scope and coverage • Compliance and closure of audit reports and authority

  25. III – INTERNAL CONTROL • Frauds / Vigilance • Observation on major frauds discovered during the year under audit • System of follow up of frauds/ vigilance cases • Issues • Comments on systemic failure, if any

  26. III – INTERNAL CONTROL • Suspense accounts, sundry deposits • System for clearance of items debited/ credited to these accounts • Issues • Adherence to guidelines and monitoring system

  27. IV – CAPITAL ADEQUACY • Capital adequacy computation and relevant certificate

  28. V –AUTOMATION AND COMPUTERISATION • Automation and Computerisation • Existence of Computerisation and Automation Policy; progress made during the year under review. • Critical areas of operations not covered by automation. • Number of branches covered by computerisation and the extent of computerization • Procedures for back-ups, off-site storage, contingency and disaster recovery and adherence thereto • Existence of Systems/ EDP audit; coverage of such audit. • Electronic Banking; existence of systems and procedures; monitoring; regular updation of technology; method of review and audit of procedures. • Suggestions, if any, with regard to computerisation and automation. • Issues • Long term/ short term IT Policies and implementation thereof • IS Security policy, its implementation and gaps • Observations under IS Audit of Branches, EDPs, CBS, BCPs, Networking, Internet Banking, ATMs, Application soft wares, Data centre

  29. VI – PROFITABILITY • Analysis of variation in major items of income and expenditure compared to previous year. • Important ratios such as RoA, RoE, etc: comparison and analysis in relation to previous year. • Policy relating to general provisions/ reserves.

  30. VII – SYSTEMS AND CONTROLS • Existence of systems and procedures for concurrent and internal audits, inspections, EDP audit of computer systems / software, etc., monitoring and follow - up of such reports: • Existence of Management Information System: method of compilation and accuracy of information. • Reliability of regulatory reporting under the Off Site Surveillance System of the RBI. • Issues • Existence , adequacy and effectiveness of various audit policies and role of ACB • System of compliance and closure • Analysis of audit observations and its effective use for strengthening the systems and control

  31. VIII – OTHER MATTERS • Comments on accounting policies including comments on changes in accounting policies made during the period. • Policies and systems for monitoring activities such as underwriting, derivatives, etc. • Adequacy of provisions made for statutory liabilities such as Income Tax, Interest Tax, Gratuity, Pension, Provident Fund, etc. • Adequacy of provisions made for off-balance sheet exposures and other claims against the bank. • Any major observations on branch returns and process of their consolidation in final statement of accounts. • Balances with other banks - observations on outstanding items in reconciliation statements. • Procedure for revaluation of NOSTRO accounts and outstanding forward exchange contracts. • Observations on the working of subsidiaries of the bank:(a) reporting system to the holding bank and(b )major losses of the subsidiary, if any. • Any other matter, which the auditor considers should be brought to the notice of the management.

  32. MISCLLENEOUS • Corporate Governance • Borrowings and deposits • Fixed assets • Risk Management • Jilani and Ghosh committee recommendation- compliance • Implementation of the recommendation of Mitra committee • Goiporia Committee recommendations

  33. Critical issues about LFAR Generally finalised after the main report is signed. However, any matter which needs a qualification or give rise to MOC has to be included in main report.

  34. Thank you