Japanese Aggression. Japan after World War I. Received Germany’s Pacific islands as Mandates from the League of Nations Had the 3 rd largest navy in the world. DISTRUST OF THE WEST. Japan felt that they were not being treated as an equal The refusal to include a racial equality
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The refusal to include a racial equality
amendment within the charter of the
League of Nations
United States banned the immigration of Asians to the U.S (Japan responded by boycotting American goods)
group of military leaders
-They opposed democratic reform;
-Western influence eroded traditional
This helped strengthen the Anti-democratic
respect China's borders
to gain power (they kept the emperor, Hirohitoas a
head of state but ruled in his name)
war with each other
Northern China is conquered along with
China’s capital of Nanjing
Japanese troops commit atrocities when they killed tens of thousands of
captured soldiers and civilians in
Nanjing (Rape of Nanjing)
1935- Mussolini invaded Ethiopia in October
(The League of Nations condemned the attack and
adopted economic sanctions but not on oil, it was
Britain kept the Suez Canal open to Italian ships to
transport troops and supplies to Ethiopia
By giving in to Mussolini in Africa, Britain and
France hoped to keep peace in Europe
With the fall of Ethiopia, the League’s prestige
holding a popular
1936- Re-occupied the Rhineland (30 mile-wide demilitarizedzone between France and Germany) in March
This action violated the Treaty of Versailles and the
The situation brought
great tension between
France and Germany.
However the French were
unwilling to risk war, they
could not get British
The British urged appeasement,
giving in to an aggressor to keep peace.
Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis (November)
Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan)
and airplanes to help Francisco Franco's
fascist forces in the Spanish Civil War
The Treaty of Versailles
and asked France for
the Sudetenland by force.
France, Britain, and Italy in Munich, Germany.
Daladier (Prime Minister)
British prime minister Neville Chamberlain believed that he could preserve peace by giving in to Hitler’s demand.
Winston Churchill, then a member of the British Parliament, strongly disagreed. He opposed the appeasement policy and gloomily warned of its consequences:
“We are in the presence of a disaster of the first magnitude. . . . we have sustained a defeat without a war. . . . And do not suppose that this is the end. . . . This is only the first sip, the first foretaste of a bitter cup which will be proffered to us year by year unless, by a supreme recovery of moral health and martial vigor, we arise again and take our stand for freedom as in the olden time.”
WINSTON CHURCHILL,speech before the House of Commons,October 5, 1938
*Less than six months (March 1939) after the
Munich meeting, Hitler took Czechoslovakia.
The last Democracy in Central Europe
forced to sign a treaty
that returned the
Memel region to