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Culture Ch. 3

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  1. CultureCh. 3 Sociology

  2. Basis of Culture • Culture and Society • Culture- knowledge, language, values, customs, and objects passed down through generations • Helps to explain human behavior

  3. Material or No? • 2 types of things passed down • Material • Cell phones, buildings, computers • Non Material • Beliefs, customs, rules

  4. Cheese Rolling • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9pyvtCzxQDk

  5. Bulls • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9aM_3-00qX4

  6. Society • A group of people that live in defined territory and have common culture • Way of life for certain groups of people

  7. Culture and Heredity • Instincts- genetically inherited patterns of behavior • Non human rely more on instincts • Reflexes- automatic reaction to physical stimuli • sneezing

  8. Sociobiology • Sociobiology-study of biological basis of human behavior • Believe that behaviors that help the most are biologically transferred

  9. Section 2

  10. Symbols, Language, Culture • Cultural Transmission • The creation and transmission of culture

  11. Symbols • Things that stand for or represent something else • Snapping in Brazil

  12. Language and Culture • Language allows us to create culture • With language, humans can pass ideas, experiences, and knowledge to others

  13. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis • Hypothesis of Linguistic Relativity • Our perception of the world depends on our language we learned • Since languages differ, so do perceptions http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_xUIDRxdmc

  14. Vocab • When something is important, it has many words • When something is not important, it may not have one word

  15. Toilet • How many ways can you say toilet

  16. Toilet Vocabulary • Throne • Comfort Station • Commode • Toilet • Pot • http://www.rotorooter.com/blog/101-names-for-a-toilet-marking-101-years-since-thomas-crappers-death/

  17. Toilet Videos • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tpK86OqqROc • Ode to the Commode video

  18. Other Factors • How we see things is influenced by more than just language • Cultures differ, and this may influence them experiencing things differently

  19. Famous US Sayings • A penny saved is a penny _____________ • Better safe than _______________ • Better late than _________________ • Hard work beats talent when talent ________________________ • No news is ________________

  20. Answers • A penny saved is a penny earned • Better safe than sorry • Better late than never • Hard work beats talent when talent doesn’t work hard • No news is good news

  21. Famous International Sayings • What you can do today, don’t put it off ___________________ (Germany) • A bird in the hand is worth ___________________ (England) • A closed mouth ____________________________ (Italy) • A good husband is _________________________ (Japan) • A monkey never thinks ___________________ (Haitain)

  22. Answers • What you can do today, don’t put it off until tomorrow (Germany) • A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush (England) • A closed mouth catches no flies (Italy) • A good husband is healthy and absent (Japan) • A monkey never thinks her baby’s ugly (Haitian)

  23. Sec 3Norms and Values

  24. Norms • Rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior • So engrained in behavior we don’t even realize it • Senegal • Never eat with left hand, considered offensive • Zambia • Avoid direct eye contact with opposite sex • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ngAuInK7SA

  25. Folkways, Mores, and Laws Folkways Rules that cover customary ways of thinking Sleeping on a bed rather than a floor disapproval is low

  26. Mores • Deals with what is right and wrong • Conformity is supported, and are of great moral significance • Taboo • Norm so strong, if violated you will get punished • Videos

  27. Laws • Defined and enforced by officials • Consciously created and enforced

  28. Weird Laws • It is illegal for a vehicle without a driver to exceed 60 miles per hour • It is legal to beat your wife on the court house steps on Sundays. • It is illegal to fart in a public place after 6 P.M. on Thursdays. • it’s illegal to paint your lawn red.

  29. Answers • California • South Carolina • Florida • Kentucky

  30. Values • Broad ideas about what most people consider desirable

  31. Why important? • Form the basis for norms • Involved in most aspects of daily life • Achievement and Success • Democracy