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The role of Government in International Business. The role of Government in International Business. Every country’s government plays a critical role in its international business and trading success. Some of the ways government affects international trade includes:

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the role of government in international business1
The role of Government in International Business

Every country’s government plays a critical role in its international business and trading success. Some of the ways government affects international trade includes:

  • ______________________________
  • ______________________________
  • Maintaining membership in trade organizations and negotiating trade agreements
  • Establishing immigration laws
  • Determining monetary policy, including currency exchange rates
  • _______________________________________
slide3

The role of Government in International Business

  • Many laws affect businesses. These laws are meant to provide protection for workers and consumers.
  • Standards are set to ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • The Canadian government encourages and supports international business. The government makes the process of setting up a business in Canada relatively easy, with limited paperwork required.
government regulations
Government Regulations
  • Government set rules and regulations that affect businesses. ( ex: minimum wage, safety standards). Business must be aware of all laws and implements and comply with them.
  • To start up a business in Canada, a business owner need to follow government regulations. This includes completing the paperwork necessary to register the business. After registering with the Canada Revenue Agency, the business will receive a ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________gistration number, HST number, corporate income tax account, import/export account, payroll deduction information.
government regulations1
Government Regulations
  • http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/ica-lic.nsf/eng/lk00062.html

In other countries, the story is quite different. Example: American Apparel set up its business in China, it had to go through thirteen levels of government, and comply with requests to submit information, such as the CEO’s electricity bill for his home in LA to prove that his address at home and on his passport were the same.

trade offices
Trade Offices
  • Governments establish a presence in foreign countries to help their businesses operate in those countries. For example, the Canadian government has trade offices in over 150 cities worldwide.
  • http://www.tradecommissioner.gc.ca/eng/find-trade-contacts.jsp
government embassies high commissions and consulates
Government Embassies, High Commissions, and Consulates
  • The Government of Canada provides a variety of consular services around the world for Canadians travelling, studying, living or working abroad. These include emergency services; facilitating communication with family in Canada if an emergency occurs; help locating missing persons; passport services; info on customs, taxes; claims against foreign states etc.
  • Consular services are available __ hours a

day at ___ offices in ____ countries. So when

travel abroad for business carry the information

about consular.

government embassies high commissions and consulates1
Government Embassies, High Commissions, and Consulates

Canada’s consular services take many forms:

  • Embassies. ________________________________________

_________________________________________________

  • High commissions. _________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________.

  • Consulates general._________________________________

____________________________________________________.

  • Consulates. These are located in major cities, but do not always provide a full range of services.
government embassies high commissions and consulates2
Government Embassies, High Commissions, and Consulates

Canada’s consular services take many forms:

  • Consulates headed by honorary consuls. There are 100 consulates in the world that are headed by persons designated as honorary consuls. Locations include Uganda and Paraguay.
  • Offices. These may be found in capital and major cities. They are established to support Canada’s foreign aid programs or specific projects. They usually provide limited consular services.
trade missions
Trade Missions
  • The Canadian government promotes international business through trade missions to other countries. On these missions, which are organized through the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, the group that goes on the mission ( commonly referred to as _____________) visits a particular country and focuses on a specific industry.
  • EX: 2008 Team Canada visited Libya on an oil and gas mission.
trade missions1
Trade Missions
  • There is also __________________. These Canadian youths meet with international business, gather cultural and business information and make critical contacts.
  • The team promotes Canadian culture, “brand Canada”
  • The team creates video and a series of reports at the completion of each trip.
  • Go to http://www.globalvision.ca/programs/junior-team-canada/
  • In order to become a member of JTC you must first attend a Global Leaders Centre
  • Toronto Global Leaders Centre Location:Strathcona Hotel - York StreetStart Date: 2011-04-11Start Time: 8:30AMPrice: CAD 25.00Spaces Available: 123
corporate influence on governments
Corporate Influence on Governments
  • There are several ways for corporations to influence governments. Corporations often ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
  • Companies may also influence governments by participating in Team Canada trade missions. For example 12 companies from various provinces participated in Gas Trade Mission to Libya in 2008.
corporate influence on governments1
Corporate Influence on Governments
  • At times, businesses take only concerns about profit, rather than the needs of society. Ex: many companies believe that the implementation of emission controls will have detrimental effect on the businesses and have expressed their concerns to the government.
  • The goal of the Group of Twenty ( G20) meeting on climate control in 2009 was to set emissions targets for all G20 countries. This did not occur because China refuses to set targets before it has had a chance to grow economically.
corporate influence on governments2
Corporate Influence on Governments
  • One major way that companies influence governments is through lobbying.
  • Lobbying is __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • Lobbyists are experts in their areas and in the policy process. This makes them useful to politicians who do not always have time, knowledge or money to

become experts on particular subjects.

corporate influence on governments3
Corporate Influence on Governments
  • Lobbyists work on specific projects rather than broad issues. This may include taking part in government projects, obtaining grant money etc. The process is time consuming and expensive.
  • The Lobbying Act of Canada regulates the activities of lobbyists and government officials to ensure that no single group can obtain funding or influence government policy through access to lawmakers.
corporate influence on governments4
Corporate Influence on Governments
  • In Canada, lobbyists of the tobacco industry and health care have been attempting to influence the government for many years in favour of their opposing sides.
  • Other countries: Video….