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Research and informatics: What are the challenges? Titus Schleyer, DMD, PhD Bill Bartling, DMD University of Pittsburgh John Zimmerman, DDS Columbia University. Grand Tetons, Wyoming, 10/2001. Symposium goals. help participants understand the research discipline biomedical informatics

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Research and informatics what are the challenges titus schleyer dmd phd bill bartling dmd university of pittsbur

Research and informatics: What are the challenges?Titus Schleyer, DMD, PhDBill Bartling, DMDUniversity of PittsburghJohn Zimmerman, DDSColumbia University

Grand Tetons, Wyoming, 10/2001


Symposium goals
Symposium goals

  • help participants understand the research discipline biomedical informatics

  • illustrate informatics research with practical and methodological examples

  • help participants discover potential informatics research questions in their projects

  • explore how informatics can help in solving dental research questions


This is only the overture
This is only the overture, …

… the opera is:

invitation-only conference, 6/12+13, 2003 at the NIH

www.dentalinformatics.com


Biomedical informatics

Biomedical informatics:

An overview

Titus Schleyer, DMD, PhD

Center for Dental Informatics

University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine

Natchez State Park, Mississippi, 11//2001


Pop quiz
Pop quiz!

“Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam.”

Who said it, when, and why?


Informatics information technology informatics bioinformatics
informatics = information technologyinformatics = bioinformatics


Dental informatics
Dental informatics

“Dental informatics is research in computer and information science to improve dental practice, research, education and management.”

 primarily focused on research, development, and evaluation of information models and computing applications

Schleyer, T, Spallek, H, Dental informatics: A cornerstone for dental practice. Journal of the American Dental Association 2001: 132 (May): 605-613.


Information technology it
Information technology (IT)

“Information Technology (IT) is concerned with all aspects of managing and processing information.”

 primarily focused on the implementation, application and support of computer technology and telecommunications


Where is the science in biomedical informatics
Where is the science in biomedical informatics?

Logan Pass, Glacier National Park, 9/2001


The tower of science in informatics

installing such systems and then making them work reliably in real-world environments

installing such systems and then making them work reliably in real-world environments

installing such systems and then making them work reliably in real-world environments

System Installation

System Installation

System Installation

developing innovative computer-based systems that deliver information or knowledge to end users

developing innovative computer-based systems that deliver information or knowledge to end users

developing innovative computer-based systems that deliver information or knowledge to end users

System Development

System Development

System Development

models for acquisition, representation, processing, display or transmission of biomedical information or knowledge

models for acquisition, representation, processing, display or transmission of biomedical information or knowledge

models for acquisition, representation, processing, display or transmission of biomedical information or knowledge

Model Formulation

Model Formulation

Model Formulation

The tower of science in informatics

studying the effects of these systems on the reasoning and behavior of health care providers, organization(s) and process(es)

studying the effects of these systems on the reasoning and behavior of health care providers, organization(s) and process(es)

Study

of

Effects

Study

of

Effects

Friedman C. Where is the science in medical informatics? JAMIA Feb 1995. Vol. 2 No. 1; 65-67


Informatics and its component sciences
Informatics in real-world environmentsand its component sciences

Missoula, Montana, 9/2001


Information science
Information science in real-world environments

… is the collection, classification, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of recorded knowledge treated both as a pure and as an applied science.

Sample research questions:

- Is SNODENT an accurate representation of dental diagnoses?

- How can a patient’s oral health status be summarized from comprehensive data about oral health and general health?


Computer science
Computer science in real-world environments

… is a discipline that involves the understanding and design of computers and computational processes.

Sample research questions:

- How can various pathologies on radiographs be detected using neural networks?

- How can decision support systems help dentists develop optimal treatment plans?


Cognitive science
Cognitive science in real-world environments

… is a science that draws on several fields (as psychology, artificial intelligence, linguistics, and philosophy) to develop theories of perception, thinking and learning.

Sample research questions:

- How should computer-based dental charting systems be designed for optimal user performance?

- How can detection of early leukoplakia and OED by dentists be improved with the aid of computers?


Telecommunications
Telecommunications in real-world environments

… is the science that deals with communication at a distance.

Sample research questions:

- How can a complete and comprehensive oral health record for a patient be assembled on the fly using electronic records from different providers?

- What communication requirements do real-time, comprehensive teledentistry systems have?


Informatics basic applied science
Informatics: basic + applied science in real-world environments

Shortliffe EH, Johnson SB, Medical Informatics Training and

Research at Columbia University, IMIA Yearbook 2002, 173-180


Where does dental informatics fit in
Where does dental informatics fit in? in real-world environments

Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, 9/2001


The biomedical informatics realm
The Biomedical Informatics Realm in real-world environments


Thank you for your attention
Thank You for Your Attention! in real-world environments

Please visit us on the Internet:

Main page

http://di.dental.pitt.edu

Conference “Dental Informatics and Dental Research”

http://www.dentalinformatics.com

Dental informatics postgraduate program

http://di.dental.pitt.edu/programs/pg/

Upcoming book on computing in dentistry

http://www.computing-in-dentistry.com

Natchez Trace, Mississippi, 11/2001