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Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion--Hypnosis PowerPoint Presentation
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Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion--Hypnosis

Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion--Hypnosis

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Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion--Hypnosis

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  1. Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion--Hypnosis Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D. Middle Tennessee State University Presented At Hong Kong Baptist University

  2. Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D. Middle Tennessee State University Presented At The Webb School

  3. Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D. Middle Tennessee State University Presented At University of Nantes, France

  4. Goal Setting and Personal Achievement: The Power of Relaxation and Suggestion Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Ph.D. Middle Tennessee State University Presented At Psi Chi and Psychology Club MTSU

  5. Outline • Have An Open Mind • Goal Setting • Principles of Hypnosis • Relaxation • Guided Imagery • Hypnosis

  6. Have An Open Mind • You can only open your heart from inside. • Nobody can force you to change. • Your can change at any time. It is never too late to change.

  7. Words Are Very Powerful • Positive Words: Birthday, Christmas, Happiness, Light • Negative Words: Disease, Illness, Death, Darkness • These words change your brain waves, emotions, and your reactions. • What do you say when you talk to yourself?

  8. Positive vs. Negative Thinking • Dumbo has long and big ears: Liabilities vs. Special Talents • Drum with 1,000 cards • What is the Probability of Winning US$1,000,000? or • Getting Killed?

  9. Frame of Reference • The right “frame of reference” The Chinese Farmer-- You can find something positive in every event. Job satisfaction--a frame of reference • Have you identified success, achievement, and happy events in your life lately?

  10. Have a Clear Picture of Your Goal • Obstacles are what you see when you take your eyes off the goal. • Acres of Diamonds; Dirt vs. Diamond • Golf: Hole-In-One vs. Sand Traps and Water Hazards • Basketball: Goal vs. Background

  11. Characteristics of Goals (1) Specific, (2) Quantifiable, (3) Difficult, (4) Feedback (KR), (5) Support

  12. S.M.A.R.T. Goals: 1. Specific (to insure clarity) 2. Measurable (to be objective) 3. Ambitious (to provide stretch) 4. Realistic (to achieve commitment) 5. Time-bound (to attach urgency)

  13. Example Yale Undergraduates in 1952 How many Yale graduates have written goals? Only 3% 20 years later, in 1972 These 3% of Yale graduates had assets/wealth more than the other 97% combined

  14. Balancing Your Goals • Career Goals • Family Goals • Personal Improvement Goals • Long-Term Goals and Short-Term Goals

  15. Example • Efficiency Consultant, Ivy Lee, offered one advice for improving Charles Schwab’s performance at Bethlehem Steel in 1903: • Write Down Your 5 Goals and Prioritize Your Goals • Reach Your Goals One by One • A $35,000 advice (1903), Worth $6 billion Today

  16. Rule of 72 • A very important piece of information for you and your future.

  17. Rule of 72 • 2% x 36 = 72 • 3% x 24 = 72 • 6% x 12 = 72 • 8% x 9 = 72 • 12% x 6 = 72

  18. 12% x 6 = 72 • 12% x 6 = 72 2% x 36 = 72 • Age 20, 20,000 age 20, 20,000 • Age 26, 40,000 age 56, 40,000 • Age 32, 80,000 age 92, 80,000 • Age 38, 160,000 • Age 44, 320,000 • Age 50, 640,000 • Age 56, 1,280,000 • Age 62, 2,560,000

  19. 12% vs. 8% • With 12% increase (6) 8% (9) • Age 20, 20,000 age 20, 20,000 • Age 26, 40,000 age 29, 40,000 • Age 32, 80,000 age 38, 80,000 • Age 38, 160,000 age 47, 160,000 • Age 44, 320,000 age 56, 320,000 • Age 50, 640,000 age 65, 640,000 • Age 56, 1,280,000 • Age 62, 2,560,000

  20. Early vs. Late • With 12% increase (6) • Age 20, 20,000 • Age 26, 40,000 • Age 32, 80,000 32, 20,000 • Age 38, 160,000 38, 40,000 • Age 44, 320,000 44, 80,000 • Age 50, 640,000 50, 160,000 • Age 56, 1,280,000 56, 320,000 • Age 62, 2,560,000 62, 640,000

  21. Effect of time • 1903 35,000 • 1909 70,000 • 1915 140,000 • 1921 280,000 • 1927 560,000 • 1933 1,120,000 • 1939 2,240,000 • 1945 4,480,000 • 1951 8,960,000 • 1957 17,920,000 • 1963 35,840,000 • 1969 71,680,000 • 1975 143,360,000 • 1981 286,720,000 • 1987 573,440,000 • 1993 1,146,880,000 • 1999 2,293,760,000 • 2005 4,487,520,000 • 2011 8,974,040,000

  22. The Oldest Reference • Habakkuk 2: 2-4 • Write down the vision clearly upon the tablets so that one can read it readily. For this vision still has its time, presses on to fulfillment, and will not disappoint; If it delays, wait for it, it will surely come, it will not be late. • The rash one has no integrity; but the just one because of his faith, shall live.

  23. Goal Setting • The harder the (accepted) goal, the higher the performance. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. 1990. A theory of goal setting & task performance. Prentice Hall.

  24. Steps of Goal Setting • Identify Your Goal • Set a Deadline for Achieving Your Goal • List the Obstacles to Overcome • Identify People and Groups to Work With • Identify Skills/Knowledge Required • Develop Your Plan of Action • Identify Your Benefits and Rewards (Zig Ziglar)

  25. Goal Setting Example • Visible Harvard • Difficult • Specific • Quantifiable • Time

  26. Goal Setting Example • SAT • Quantitative Verbal • 99% 95% (Room For Improvement) • Goal/Big Picture vs. Steps Toward the Goal • 3,000 Words vs. 10 Words/Day • One Day: Study 10 Words • 30 Days: 300 Words • 10 Months: 3,000 Words

  27. Goal Setting Example • Quantitative Verbal • 99% 95% • 91%99% • 98% 99% and-- • Pray and Get All the Help You Can Find

  28. Power of Perseverance • Lee Iacocca (1984): I think that if I keep working at this and want it bad enough, I can have it. It’s call perseverance.

  29. Power of Positive Suggestion • Thomas Edison failed 10,000 times. • Colonel Sanders failed 1,009 times. • Average Millionaires failed 17 times. • How many times have you tried to achieve your goals?

  30. Power of Positive Suggestion • Super Bowl XXIV--Goals and Steps: • Winning the Super Bowl, • Touchdown, • First Down, • Complete the Pass, (long vs short), • Small Success Leads to Total Success. • MVP and Self-Esteem

  31. This Is Your Super Bowl • Super Bowl XXIV • San Francisco 13 14 14 14------55 • Denver 3 0 7 0------10 • Montana had 13 Consecutive passes. • Montana completed 22 out of 29 passes. • Elway completed 10 out of 26 passes.

  32. MVP and Your Success Montana vs. Elway Which person did not shave his face? Self-Esteem Self-Esteem x Effort = Success Your Mind x Your Body = Total Success

  33. Hypnosis • Hypnosis is a systematic procedure for altering consciousness (Hilgard, 1975).

  34. Hypnosis and Meditation • Hypnosis is different from Meditation. • Meditation involves radically changing the nature of outside stimulation by: • Blocking it out • Make it impossible to comprehend

  35. Hypnosis and Meditation • Both Hypnosis and Meditation will: • Produce a state qualitatively different from normal waking consciousness. • Apply some manipulation of sensory input directly through suggestions • Have the capacity to leave people feeling better

  36. Hypnosis and Sleep • EEG patterns in sleep and wakefulness: • Awake, Drowsy, Sleep 1, 2, 3, and REM • During Hypnosis (Trance), you are not sleeping. • Drowsy--Alpha waves, 7 - 12/sec. • Just about to fall sleep

  37. 1600s, humans could be magnetized 1700s, Franz Mesmer studied animal magnetism (Mesmerized) 1842, painless amputated a leg 1880s, Freud learned hypnosis in France late 19th century, French, Charcot, study hypnosis to treat abnormal behavior 1920s & 1930s, Hull, attempted to study hypnosis with the first solidly scientific approach History

  38. E.R. Hilgard, founder, director of 1st hypnosis research labs, Stanford Univ. 1978 1/3 American dental and medical schools offering courses in hypnosis -twice as many as 1974 Experts emphasize hypnosis is not for all persons or problems. It takes a well trained specialist to know when and how to use it properly. History

  39. A System of Medical Hypnosis • A. Meares (1964). President International Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. • Braid, coined the word “hypnotism” from the Greek word hypnos (sleep) in 1841.

  40. A System of Medical Hypnosis • The nature of suggestion: Logical, Uncritical • An easy suggestion does not conflict with a logical appraisement of the situation. • Suggestion vs. Command/Request • The response to a command or a request is Conscious, whereas the response to a suggestion is uncritical and is not consciously evaluated

  41. A System of Medical Hypnosis • We hypnotize our patients by the process of suggestion. • Two major ingredients: • Relaxation/Concentration • Suggestion

  42. Concentration • You hear nothing but my voice/words. • Speak: 200 words/min. • Think: 800 words/min. • Can you think of something else while listening to a lecture? • Is your mind wondering around afar?

  43. Factors Influencing Suggestion • Affective Relationship • Prestige • Nonverbal Communication • Facilitation • The acceptance of one suggestion always aids to the acceptance of another suggestion.

  44. Factors Influencing Suggestion • Grading • Suggestions are accepted more readily if they are graded as to difficulty of acceptance. • Expectancy • When the patient is in a state of expectancy he/she makes suggestions more easily. • Drugs

  45. Suggestibility 1. Individual Differences 2. Tense, Anxious, Restless (Contact Lenses, Needs, Beliefs, Control) 3. Skill & Experience of the Therapist 4. Personality of the Therapist 5. Culture

  46. Suggestibility 6. Education 7. Degree of Sophistication of the Patient 8. Unconscious Defense Mechanisms (well adjusted emotionally) 9. Fatigue 10. Drugs

  47. Suggestibility 11. The Nature of the Suggestion 12. The State of Rapport 13. The Acceptance of Previous Suggestions 14. The Relative Difficulty of Acceptance of the Present Suggestion 15. Grading

  48. The Phenomena of Hypnosis I. Increased Suggestibility As they became more deeply hypnotized, they are able to accept more difficult suggestions. e.g., move limbs, see things behave as if they were in imaginary situations

  49. The Phenomena of Hypnosis II. Secondary Phenomena 1. Hypnotic Rapport He comes to a merge his identity with that of the hypnotist. Automatic Obedience

  50. The Phenomena of Hypnosis 2. Hypnotic Sleep Induced by suggestions of relaxation and sleep Hypnotic Sleep vs. Normal Sleep(EEG) 3. Amnesia Spontaneous Amnesia vs. Suggested Amnesia