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Crisis and Disaster Management Plan in Hydro Power Sector. Manoj Tripathi Director Hydro Projects Monitoring CEA. Outline of Presentation. Crisis / Disaster Management Recent major Disasters in hydro power projects / stations Possible Solutions for mitigating effects of disasters
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Hydro Projects Monitoring
“Disaster" means a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or man made causes, or by accident or negligence which results in substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and destruction of, property, or damage to, or degradation of, environment, and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of the affected area
“Disaster Management" means a continuous and integrated process of planning, organizing, coordinating and implementing measures which are
necessary or expedient for-
(i) prevention of danger or threat of any disaster;
(ii) mitigation or reduction of risk of any disaster or its severity or consequences;
(iv) preparedness to deal with any disaster;
(v) prompt response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster;
(vi) assessing the severity or magnitude of effects of any disaster;
(vii) evacuation, rescue and relief;
(viii) rehabilitation and reconstruction;
Crisis can be classified into the foll: types:
Natural crises, typically natural disasters considered as 'acts of God,' are such environmental phenomena as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tornodoes, hurricanes, floods, landslides, tsunamis, storms etc. that threaten life, property, and the environment itself.
Example: Earthquake in Sikkim during the year 2011, Tsunami in the year 2004, Cyclone Aila in Eastern India in the year 2009, Landslides/ Slope failures, flooding of PH, damage to diversion structure/ dam in various HEP’s due to floods etc.
Confrontation crisis occur when discontented individuals and/or groups fight businesses, government, and various interest groups to win acceptance of their demands and expectations. The common type of confrontation crisis is boycotts, and other types are picketing, sit-ins, ultimatums to those in authority, blockade or occupation of buildings, and resisting or disobeying police.
The accident was primarily caused by vibrations of turbine № 2 which led to fatigue damage of the mountings of the turbine, including its cover. The report found that at the moment of the accident, the nuts on at least 6 bolts keeping the turbine cover in place were absent. After the accident, 49 found bolts were investigated: 41 had fatigue cracks. On 8 bolts, the fatigue-damaged area exceeded 90% of the total cross-sectional area.
Diversion Channel -St-II
D/S Coffer Dyke
Barrage Blocks III-VII
Power House Area
A well trained and vigilant organization can handle any crisis /disaster in a better way so all organizations should