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Bloodborne Pathogens, Universal Precautions, and Wound Care. Because of the close physical contact that occurs through athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger. What are bloodborne pathogens?.

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Bloodborne pathogens universal precautions and wound care

Bloodborne Pathogens, Universal Precautions, and Wound Care



What are bloodborne pathogens
What are athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.bloodborne pathogens?

  • Bloodborne pathogens – are pathogenic microorganisms that can potentially cause disease.

  • Mode of transmission:

    • Human blood

    • Semen

    • Vaginal secretions

    • Cerebrospinal fluid

    • Synovial fluid



  • Other potential pathogens: athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

    • HCV

    • HDV

    • Syphilis

      HIV has been more widely addressed but HBV has a higher possibility for spreading.



Hepatitis b virus
Hepatitis B Virus athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

  • Viral infection that results in swelling, soreness, and loss of normal function of the liver.


Signs of hbv
Signs of HBV athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

  • Flulike symptoms

  • Jaundice

  • Individual may exhibit no signs of infection.


Prevention of hbv
Prevention of HBV athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

  • Good personal hygiene and avoiding high-risk activities.

  • HBV can survive for at least a seek in dried blood or on contaminated surfaces.

  • Avoiding contact with any infected surface or fluid.


  • Vaccine athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

    • Requires a series of three inoculations spread over a 6-month period.

  • 1991 OSHA mandated that vaccination against HBV must be made available by and employer at no cost to any individual who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids.


MRSA athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

  • Staphylococcus aureus, often called "staph" is a type of bacteria commonly found on the skin or in the nose of healthy people.

  • MRSA which stands for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is staph that is resistant to commonly used antibiotics such as penicillins.


What types of infections does mrsa cause
What types of infections does MRSA cause? athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

  • In the community, most MRSA infections are minor skin infections that may appear as sores or boils that often are red, swollen, painful, or have pus or other drainage.



How is mrsa spread
How is MRSA Spread? breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

  • Like other causes of skin infections in athletes, MRSA is usually spread from person to person through:

  • Direct skin contact or contact with shared items or surfaces (e.g., towels, used bandages, weight-training equipment surfaces) that have touched a person's infection.


  • MRSA might spread more easily among athletes because they: breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

    • have repeated skin-to-skin contact

    • get breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions that if left uncovered allow staph and MRSA to enter and cause infection

    • share items and surfaces that come into direct skin contact

    • have difficulty staying clean


Dealing with bloodborne pathogens in athletics
Dealing With breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions, Bloodborne Pathogens in Athletics

  • In general the chances of transmitting HIV among athletes is low.

  • There is minimal risk of on-field transmission of HIV from one player to another.

  • There have been no validated reports of HIV transmission in sports.


Universal precautions in an athletic environment
Universal Precautions In An Athletic Environment breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

  • The guidelines developed by OSHA were developed to protect the health care provider and the patient.

  • It is essential that every sports program develop and carry out a bloodborne pathogen exposure plan.

    • Counseling

    • Education

    • Volunteer testing

    • Management of bodily fluids


Preparing the athlete
Preparing the Athlete breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

  • All open skin wounds and lesions must be covered with a dressing that is fixed in place.

    • Lessens chance of cross contamination.

    • Reduces the chances of the wound reopening.


When bleeding occurs
When Bleeding Occurs breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

  • Aggressive treatment.

    • Removed from participation.

    • Return when it is deemed safe by the medical staff.

    • Uniforms.


Personal precautions
Personal Precautions breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

  • Use of disposable non-latex gloves.

  • Disposable mouthpieces for resuscitation devices..

  • ONE –TIME USE NON-LATEX GLOVES MUST BE USED WHEN HANDLING ANY POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIAL.

  • Removal of gloves.


Are sutures necessary
Are Sutures Necessary? breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,



Signs of wound infection
Signs Of Wound Infection breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,


  • Classic signs: breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

    • Inflammation

    • Pain

    • Heat

    • Redness

    • Swelling

    • Disordered function

    • Pus

    • Fever


Tetanus
Tetanus breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

  • Bacterial infection that causes fever and convulsions.

    • Occurs most often with puncture wounds.


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