Fashion History “The Difference Between Style & Fashion Is Quality”
Earliest Clothing Key Terms: • Dandylsm • New Look • Hippie Style • Disco Style • Punk Style • Feminist Movement • Grunge
Earliest Clothing • 20,000 B.C.-- people developed and wore clothes primarily for protection from the weather and environment. • NOW-- other needs such as psychological and social needs.
Why People Wear Clothes • Physical Needs • Protection • safety • Psychological Needs • Identity • Adornment • Cultural identity • Social Needs • Affiliation/ fitting in • standards Why Clothing?
Why People Wear Clothes • Physical Needs: Protection & Safety • Cold climates= heavier clothing • Hot climates= lighter clothing, hats, sunglasses • Some professions require protective garments, such as gloves and masks
Why People Wear Clothes • Psychological Needs: Appearance Enhancement • Psychological needs are fulfilled through adornment, or attractive decoration, and self-identification. • Jewelry • Hair styles • Accessories • Tattooing • Piercing
Why People Wear Clothes • Social Needs: Affiliation & Standards • Each decade seems to have a representation of social affiliation. • Hippie Look 1960-1970’s • Gothic Look 1990’s
Why People Wear Clothes • Social Needs: Affiliation & Standards • Society maintains certain social standards that are represented by clothing. • Modesty, which is covering of a person’s body according to society’s code of decency, often dictates the styles of clothing that people wear. • During the 1800’s : unacceptable to show your ankles • 20th Century: skirts shorter, more skin showing
Sources of Clothing History • Actual garments from 18th century • Portraits, diaries, photographs, personal letters • Limited information available prior to 14th century
Fashion Through the Ages • People dresses according to what society allowed for the social classes. • Rare and expensive apparel become a status symbol and reflective in economic class. • Industrial revolution fostered new inventions. • Photography was invented. • Vogue magazine was first published in 1892
Historical Trendsetters • Famous people have always influenced the development and acceptance of fashion. • Elizabeth I (Queen of England 1558-1603) • Louis XIV (King of France 1643-1715) • Marie Antoinette (Queen of France 1775-1793)
George Bryan “Beau” Brummell (early 1800’s) • Jackie Kennedy (early 1960’s) • The Beatles (1960-70)
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present The Early 1900s • Women wore loose fitting style of dress • Full skirts • Shorter in length • The fiber Rayon was manufactures
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present The Early 1900s (1900-1910) Men • Spats • Formal wear • Frock coats • Spats • Hats
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1911-1920 • World War I • Hobble skirts- women’s legs revealed for the first time! • Narrow shape
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present The 1920’s • Flapper • Sportswear introduced
Chanel • Fashion Influence from 1920’s until World War II • Resurfaces in 1954 • Little black dress • Tweed Suit
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1930’s Women • Era of Elegance • Bias cut • Cowl neck Ginger Rogers
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1930s Men • Men • Double breasted suits • Wide lapels • Shoulders broadened
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1940’s • World War II • Separates introduced that can be mixed and matched Bobby socks, pleated skirts
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present New Look • Christian Dior • Full bust lines • Tiny waists • Full skirts
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1940’s Men • Casual
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1950’s • Donna Reid or “I Love Lucy” Look • Full skirts and strapless dresses
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1960’s • Kennedy Era • Chanel Suit • Pillbox hat • Aubrey Hepburn Look • Mini Skirts • The Mod Look
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1970’s • Pantsuits, wide legs with large cuffs/ bell bottoms • hip huggers • Pants for women became acceptable in the work place. • Long pointed collars.
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present Styles that emerged: • Disco: a fashion consisting of gold lamé, leopard print, stretch halter jumpsuits, and white clothing that glowed under ultraviolet lighting. • Punk: a style featuring intentionally torn clothing worn by young people with limited income (students and unemployed) • The feminist movement established equal social, economic, and political opportunities for women. Shorter hemlines and pantsuits emerged.
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1980’s • Women had the “Power Look” • Shoulder Pads • Athletic wear more popular inspired by the movie “Flashdance”
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present 1990’s • Doc Martens replaced athletic footwear • Platform Shoes • Retro look
Fashion: 20th Century to the Present • The 1990s gave way to the grunge look • Grunge is a style started by the youth culture in the Pacific northwest region of the U.S. • Its messy, uncombed, and disheveled.