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High Conservation Value Forests Implementation in Canada. Syktyvkar, Komi Republic April 1, 2009 Presented by Marcelo Levy Responsible Forestry Solutions. HCVF in Canada – The context. Canadian forests facts
High Conservation Value Forests Implementation in Canada Syktyvkar, Komi Republic April 1, 2009 Presented by Marcelo Levy Responsible Forestry Solutions
HCVF in Canada – The context • Canadian forests facts • Forest lands in Canada: ownership, forest types, harvesting rates, certification status • Laws & Regulations: Tenure system, licensing arrangement& certification • National interpretation; • Implementing HCVF on the ground
Canadian Forests Facts Area (million of hectares) Forest Types Predominant tree species – by volume • Total Area: 979.08 • Forest Area: 402.09 • Hardwood: 12% • Mixedwood 22% • Softwood (conifers) 66% • Pine: 17% • Poplar/aspen: 14% • Spruce: 34% Forest lands - ownership • Federal 16% • Provincial 77% • Private: 7%
Canadian Forests Facts Insect infestation (killed trees ) & Forest Fires (2007) National Parks Area Forest management Area certified (as of 2008) • 27.6 M (has) • Area available: 294.8 M (has) • Area under FM: 143.7 M (has) • Area harvested/y: 0.9 M (has) • Volume Harvested: 182 .1 M (m3) • CSA: 82.7 M (has) • FSC: 27.3 M (has) • SFI: 39.4 M (has) • TOTAL: 145.7 M (has) • Area trees killed: 19.5 M (has) • Area burned: 1.6 M(has) • No. of Fires: 6,324
Canadian Forest Regulatory Regime • Regulatory System • Provincial Jurisdiction • Licensing system • Stumpage Fees, Area fees • Harvest rates, protected areas, conservation areas • IFA process • Relations with Aboriginal peoples
Developing a National Interpretation • During the development of the National Boreal Standard (approved 2004), FSC Canada developed a National Framework for Assessment of HCVF • The Framework is based on the work initially done by WWF Canada with Tembec, a large forest company in Canada holding about 13 million hectares of forest licenses in 5 provinces • FSC Canada followed a process similar to the one described in Part 2 of ProForest ‘s Defining HCVF at a national level but with a different purpose
Developing a National Interpretation • Purpose of the Framework: to assist applicants for certification in the assessment of HCVF. • The framework is an interpretation of HCVF in Canada as it provides specific guidance on how to conduct an HCVF, consistent with standard requirements; however it does not identify HCVFs at the national or regional level. • Very few thresholds were included in the Assessment framework. Notably large landscape level forests
Developing a National Interpretation – The Process • FSC Canada delegated the development of the Boreal Standard to the Boreal Committee structured in typical FSC chambers, but included a mixture of regional and national representation as well as academics, and government representatives. • The Boreal Committee established a taskforce with individuals nominated by the chambers who can represent the perspective as well as have technical “HCV” expertise (i.e. ecological, cultural, social, etc). • The committee also included experts not associated to a particular sector.
Developing a National Interpretation – The Process • WWF-Tembec’s document was used as a starting point. Taskforce discussed it in “plenary” sessions. Subgroups were formed to address specific topics. • Key approaches involved ecological aspects (use of the concept of focal species) and on the social side, issues around Aboriginal rights (claims, tenure) and culture • Once the taskforce achieved consensus on the framework, it was submitted to the Boreal Committee first and to the FSC Canada Board for final approval. It was appended to all Canadian standards.
National Framework • The framework is organized as a series of questions to guide the applicant in making the assessment • The checklist suggests a hierarchical approach to defining HCVs that starts with a broad scale and works down to a finer scale assessment • The questions have been structured as Yes/No answers • The significance of the question in determining HCV status is indicated by the words DEFINITIVE or GUIDANCE • A positive response to any question considered DEFINITIVE means that the elements under consideration are HCVs
HCVF Implementation in North America • How was Principle 9 and HCVF addressed? • Preliminary study conducted for WWF Canada, Key points: • Data was stratified by date of certificate, tenure, size, certifier, etc. • The date of the original certification assessment provided a significant variation in the level of HCVF analysis carried out. • The assessment and identification of HCVs has been the key activity that preoccupied both stakeholders during standards development process as well as forest managers. • About 75% of the operations certified have fully addressed the standard or have initiated work as a result of Corrective Action Requests (CARs)
HCVF Implementation in North America - in Conclusion • HCV1 and HCV3 were the most frequent attributes identified (likely as a result of existing regulations (RTE, critical habitats). • The information in summary reports is insufficient to have a clear picture of the HCVF assessment • Most standards tended to have greater expectations from large and public forest operaitons • HCVF6 More prevalent in Canada (Aboriginal issues). • More consistent implementation in Canada because of the guidance provided by the National Framework
Challenges • The key challenges facing HCVF remain: • Scale and implications for assessment and management; • Thresholds: when a forest value becomes and HCV attribute? • Need to advance the identification and management of other HCVs • Need to focus more on management strategies • HCV outside the certification process and beyond forestry: while great potential, there is a risk of inconsistent application of the concept and the methodology