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The French Revolution and Napoleon (1789- 1812). By: Sarah Thames Pages (536- 557). The Revolt of the Third Estate. King Louis XVI solicit funds trough Estate General in 1789: trigger of French Rev. France divided: clergy, Nobility, everyone else Nobles Guarantees of personal liberty

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the french revolution and napoleon 1789 1812

The French Revolution and Napoleon (1789- 1812)

By: Sarah Thames

Pages (536- 557)

the revolt of the third estate
The Revolt of the Third Estate
  • King Louis XVI solicit funds trough Estate General in 1789: trigger of French Rev.
  • France divided: clergy, Nobility, everyone else
  • Nobles
    • Guarantees of personal liberty
    • Freedom of the press and speech
    • Freedom from arbitrary arrest
    • Minimal taxation
    • Estate General meet in three separate chambers
    • June 20 “Oath of the Tennis Court”- boycotted until new draft of constitution
revolt of the poor
Revolt of the Poor
  • Tension rise against the organized authorities
    • Poor Harvest: prices of bread increased 1789
    • Farmers
      • farmers refused to pay their taxes and moral support
  • Mobs stormed Bastille
    • jail and an army located in the capital city of Paris. I
    • important because it held the base of feudalism such as, important documents.
    • Assassinated governor of Bastille/mayor of Paris
  • Peasants: against remaining feudalism
  • Destroyed documents that demanded feudal dues and taxes
national assembly
National Assembly
  • Third Estate allied and declared “National Assembly” June 13
  • Abolished feudalism and serfdom, tithe for the church, special privileges of nobility
  • “Declaration of the Rights of Men and the Citizen”
    • Freedom of thought, religion, petition
    • “March of the Women”- protesting high price of bread, marched to royal palace in Versailles
    • “Great Fear” peasants worried landlords burn harvest to block reform attack clergy/ nobility
    • Uniform gov. confiscated church property
    • Men voting
    • Protestants, Jews= full citizenship
reign of terror
Reign of Terror
  • The Committee of Public Safety launched the Reign of Terror against the counter- revolutionaries.
  • campaigned against feudal privileges.
  • They promoted
    • universal education
    • abolished slavery throughout France’s colonies.
    • Violence
      • conflict and warfare between the radical Jacobins (radical) and the moderate Gorondin (middle class)
      • Overthrew Monarchy government when executed Louis XVI establishment of the constitutional monarchy.
napoleon in power 1799 1812
Napoleon in Power(1799-1812)
  • Napoleon ended the French Revolution in 1812.
    • conquered many regions of Europe in 1810, where he introduced the administrative reforms of the revolution.
    • end to feudalism privilege, equality of rights, religious tolerations, free trade, and efficient and systematic administrative.
    • Flaws
      • First, attempted conquer Britain, marine power and land forces of its allies too strong.
      • Battle of Trafalgar in 1805= napoleon defeated
      • Russian emperor supported Britain, Napoleon invaded Russia in 1812, many troops killed
      • The nations Napoleon conquered
        • felt national and wanted to rule themselves: Haiti, independence in the 1790s ,attempted to re-impose the French rule and reinstitute slavery.
    • In 1813: defeated by a group of Europeans, didn’t want countries to be colonized by France.
    • Napoleon then resigned and Louis XVI assumed the throne.
latin america vocabulary
Latin America: Vocabulary
  • Creoles: descendants of European settlers
    • Wanted more economic and political rights
    • Feared potential power from mixed races
  • Mestizo: mixed race- Spanish/ Amerindians
    • No considered as elite
  • Mazombas: American- born direct descendants of Portugese settlers
  • Simon Bolivar- croele
    • Dominated public life for 20 years
    • Studying in Europe- 1807 returned to Venezuela and joined movements for LA’s independence
    • Spurred- Napoleon invaded Spain and installed own people
      • Lack of influence of LA culture
independence movement
Independence Movement
  • 1810-1826
    • Paraguay (1811)
      • Bolivar(1819- 1821) liberated Columbia, Venezuala, and Ecuador
    • Jose de San Martin- Argentina
      • “Army of the Andes” many slave participated
      • Took over Chili, emptied the Spanish but refused to Rule Banardo O’Higgins leader
      • 1825: Bolivar captured Peru, upper Peru became Bolivia
    • Brazil owned by Portalgese- where royal family fled from Napolean
        • Made more of an equal country than colony
        • Independent without violence because Portugal King’s son was left in Brazil
simon bolivar challenge of unification
Simon Bolivar: Challenge of Unification
  • Wanted to unify entire South America
    • Generals wanted their own independence
    • 18 nations that emerged from Spanish America
    • Warfare among new states after independence
      • Gave power to armies and military force