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Psychoanalysis: Yesterday and Today Text: Chapter 6 Freudian Analysis Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy – Blau, Corey Time-Limited Dynamic Therapy – Strupp Imago Therapy Transactional Analysis. Upstate. Yesterday. Sigmund Freud View of human nature The unconscious Structure of personality

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Psychoanalysis:Yesterday and TodayText: Chapter 6Freudian AnalysisPsychoanalytic Psychotherapy – Blau, CoreyTime-Limited Dynamic Therapy – StruppImago TherapyTransactional Analysis

yesterday

Upstate

Yesterday
  • Sigmund Freud
  • View of human nature
  • The unconscious
  • Structure of personality

- The Id: innate, pleasure principle

- The Ego: learning, reality, defense mechanisms

- The Superego: learning, conscience/guilt, ego ideal.

slide3

Upstate

  • Development of personality (Psychosexual Stages)

- Psychic energy

- Fixation

- The oral stage

- The anal stage

- The phallic stage.

slide4

Upstate

  • Development of maladaptive behavior.

- Conflicts and fixations in our early years

- Symptoms depend on the psychosexual stage and how defense mechanisms are used

- Anxiety is the core of psychopathology

- Operates largely at unconscious level.

goals of therapy yesterday and today

Upstate

Goals of Therapy –Yesterday and Today
  • Reconstruct personality – id, ego, superego
  • Strengthening ego
  • Attempts to make the unconscious conscious
  • Goal – gain insight
  • Newer analytic approaches
  • Understand influence of the past
  • Role of unconscious
  • Understand how past influences present/interpretation
  • Learn new ways of responding
methods and techniques yesterday and today

Upstate

Methods and Techniques – Yesterday and Today
  • Free association
  • Interpretation of transference
  • Interpretation of resistance
  • Dream analysis
  • Insight - emotional reeducation
  • Lengthy, costly process
  • Questions concerning effectiveness.
psychoanalysis today

Upstate

Psychoanalysis Today
  • Ego psychology – Erikson/Corey & Ruth
  • Psychoanalytic Therapy - Blau & Ruth
  • Time-Limited Dyanamic Therapy - Strupp
  • Object relations theory – ex. Imago Therapy

- We develop patterns of behavior from early relationships, particularly parents

- Parents/others become internalized objects: “unconscious mental representations”

- Relationships in early years leave impressions (psychological wounds) which influence behavior later in life, esp. in close relationships

- Goal: understand how childhood relationships cause maladaptive patterns in adulthood.

time limited dynamic psychotherapy

Upstate

Time-Limited Dynamic Psychotherapy
  • Developed by Hans Strupp
  • Assumptions . . .

- Neurotics suffer from negative parent-child relationships and they reproduce those relationships in present life (transference)

- Focus: how past relationships are manifested in present relationships

- Presenting problem: evidence of immaturity caused by childhood experience.

slide9

Upstate

- Therapist focuses on client’s description of present interpersonal problems

- These problems will be expressed in “cyclical maladaptive patterns” in current life

- The therapist points out (interprets) these patterns

- Through interpretation the patient . . .

 becomes aware of cyclical maladaptive pattern

 understands how this pattern developed

 tries out alternative ways of behaving

  • The therapeutic relationship serves as a corrective emotional experience.
imago theory and therapy

Upstate

Imago Theory and Therapy
  • Yearning for completion
  • Psychological wounding
  • Understanding this wounding
  • How childhood effects marital choice – Imago match
  • Partner wounds you the way parents did
  • Stages of the power struggle
  • Imago Therapy

- the couples dialogue – mirroring, validation, empathy: used to create safe environment where deeper issues can be explored

- seeing wounded child using parent-child dialogue

  • De-roling and the Behavior Change Request