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National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA Aviation Safety Program – Overview . Douglas A. Rohn, Program Director. ADCA/AIAA January 4, 2011. www.nasa.gov. NASA Aeronautics R&D Strategy. Technology Transfer. Integrated Systems Level Research . Technology Transfer.

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nasa aviation safety program overview

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA Aviation Safety Program – Overview

Douglas A. Rohn, Program Director

ADCA/AIAA

January 4, 2011

www.nasa.gov

nasa aeronautics r d strategy
NASA Aeronautics R&D Strategy

Technology

Transfer

Integrated Systems Level Research

Technology

Transfer

Seedling Fund for New Ideas

Fundamental Research

  • Foster revolutionary ideas with “Seedling” fund
  • More robust technology transfer to industry and other government agencies through innovative fundamental research and further maturation of technologies and concepts in system level research
  • Conduct integrated systems research in relevant environments (e.g., flights, full simulations) to realize next set of technological breakthroughs and inspire next generation

AvSP Overview, January 2011

nasa aeronautics portfolio
NASA Aeronautics Portfolio

Integrated

Systems

Research Program

Fundamental Aeronautics Program

Airspace Systems Program

Conduct research at an integrated

system-level on promising concepts and technologies and explore/assess/demonstrate the benefits in a relevant environment

Conduct cutting-edge research that will produce innovative concepts, tools, and technologies to enable revolutionary changes for vehicles that fly in all

speed regimes.

Directly address the fundamental ATM research needs for NextGen by dev-

eloping revolutionary concepts,

capabilities, and technologies that

will enable significant increases

in the capacity, efficiency and

flexibility of the NAS.

Aviation Safety Program

Conduct cutting-edge research that will produce innovative concepts, tools, and technologiesto improve the intrinsic safety attributes of current and future aircraft.

Aeronautics Test Program

Preserve and promote the testing capabilities of one of the United States’ largest, most versatile and comprehensive set of flight and ground-based research facilities.

AvSP Overview, January 2011

history of nasa s aviation safety program
History of NASA’s Aviation Safety Program
  • Original Program began FY98/00
    • Responding to a White House Commission, NASA created a program, complementing FAA and industry activities, to develop and demonstrate technologies that would contribute to the national goal to reduce accident and fatality rates by a factor of five by 2007
    • Intensive NASA-Gov’t-Industry team effort to define investment strategy
  • FY06/07 Restructure of NASA Aeronautics
    • Focus on “core competencies of aeronautics research”
      • Mostly a bottoms-up portfolio
    • Integration of best out-of-house research ideas (via NRA process)
      • Strong partnerships with Universities
      • Intellectual partnerships (via Space Act Agreements) with industry
    • Program goal: “By 2016, identify and develop tools, methods, and technologies for improving overall aircraft safety of new and legacy vehicles operating in the Next Generation Air Transportation System.”
    • Some Projects have revised their plans since FY07
  • FY10 Re-plan of AvSP
    • Top-down refocus; not a total restart

AvSP Overview, January 2011

fy07 fy10 program
FY07 – FY10 Program

Aircraft Aging & Durability

Integrated Vehicle Health Management

Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck

Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control

  • AvSP
    • Conduct cutting-edge research that will produce tools, methods, concepts, and technologies to improve the intrinsic safety attributes of current and future aircraft.
    • Overcome safety barriers that could otherwise constrain the full realization of NextGen
  • Aircraft Aging and Durability (AAD)
    • Research in aging science to enable integrated methods for the detection, prevention, and mitigation of aging and durability-related hazards
  • Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck (IIFD)
    • Research, development, test, and evaluation of complex human-automation systems in the context of NextGen
  • Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control (IRAC)
    • Stability, maneuverability, and safe landing in the presence of adverse conditions
  • Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM)
    • Develop validated tools, technologies, and techniques for automated detection, diagnosis, and prognosis to enable mitigation of adverse events during flight

AvSP Overview, January 2011

national aeronautics r d plan goals
National Aeronautics R&D Plan Goals
  • Safety Goals & Fundamental Challenges
    • Goal 1: Safer Vehicle Designs, Structures, and Subsystems
      • Monitoring and assessing aircraft health at both the material and component level.
      • Rapidly and safely incorporating advances in avionics.
      • Stabilizing and maneuvering next-generation aircraft in response to safety issues in the NextGen airspace.
    • Goal 2: Safer Vehicle Air and Ground Operations
      • Understanding and predicting system-wide safety concerns of the airspace system and the vehicles envisioned by NextGen.
      • Understanding the key parameters of human performance in aviation.
      • Ensuring safe operations for the complex mix of vehicles anticipated within the next generation airspace.
    • Goal 3: Enhanced Crash Survivability
      • Enhancing the probability of passengers and crew to survive crash impact and escape safely when accidents do occur.

AvSP Overview, January 2011

aviation safety program
Aviation Safety Program

Program Goal: Proactively identify, develop, and mature tools, methods and technologies for improving overall aircraft safety of new and legacy vehicles operating in NextGen

Project Objectives

  • “Assure system-wide safety”
    • Provide knowledge, concepts and methods to proactively manage increasing complexity in the design and operation of vehicles and the air transportation systems
  • “Maintain and improve vehicle safety in key areas”
    • Identify risks and provide knowledge needed to avoid, detect, mitigate, and recover from hazardous flight conditions, and to maintain vehicle airworthiness and health
  • “Deal with the presence of atmospheric risks”
    • Investigate sources of risk and provide technology needed to help ensure safe flight in and around atmospheric hazards

Unsafe

Unsafe

AvSP Overview, January 2011

aviation safety program organization
Aviation Safety Program Organization

Assure system-wide safety

Maintain and improve vehicle safety in key areas

Deal with the presence of atmospheric risks

AvSP Overview, January 2011

Note: All project positions currently acting

resources planned fy11
Resources, Planned, FY11

AvSP Overview, January 2011

management by technical challenges
Management by Technical Challenges
  • AvSP has adopted a strategy to manage by key Technical Challenges
    • “The Program will be successful if these challenges are met.”
  • Technical Challenges developed for the purpose of
    • Forming the basis for the “contract” between the Program and the Project
      • Progress will be measured by milestones along their paths
        • APGs, “Level 1”, and “Level 2” milestones
        • The use of APGs, Project milestones and Program milestones will be within the context of Technical Challenges
    • Informing portfolio management
    • Communicating & coordinating a common shared vision with aviation safety community
    • Providing a construct to assist in identification of partnering and other integration activities

AvSP Overview, January 2011

project technical challenge areas
Project Technical Challenge Areas
  • System-wide Safety and Assurance Technologies
    • Assurance of Flight Critical Systems
    • Discovery of Safety Issues
    • Automation Design Tools
    • Prognostic Algorithm Design
  • Vehicle Systems Safety Technologies
    • Vehicle Health Assurance
    • Crew-System Interactions and Decisions
    • Loss of Control Prevention, Mitigation, and Recovery
  • Atmospheric Environment Safety Technologies
    • Engine Icing
    • Airframe Icing
    • Atmospheric Hazard Sensing & Mitigation

AvSP Overview, January 2011

a full range of outputs
A Full Range of Outputs

Desired Impact: Advance knowledge in the broader research community…

  • Interim Outcome:Citations with others adopting our work
  • Necessary Output:Publications in respected venues

Desired Impact:Enabling implementation of new technologies to the benefit of safety…

  • Interim Outcome:Transition to FAA and Industry
  • Necessary Output:Invention disclosures and patents; Standards and guidelines; Methods for design and evaluation

Courtesy: Gulfstream, Inc.

AvSP Overview, January 2011

tech transfer strategies
Tech Transfer Strategies
  • Publications and Formal research outputs
    • Journals; Conferences
    • Patents
  • Partners
    • NRA partners (103 awards, 80 currently active to transition to new Projects)
    • 26 Space Act Agreements; 12 Inter Agency Agreements; 5 International Agreements
  • Committees
    • Aviation committee membership
    • AvSP-led Working Groups
    • Community-led Teams
  • Rapid dissemination
    • Open source & open platform
    • DASH link

AvSP Overview, January 2011

thank you
Thank you.

AvSP Overview, January 2011