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FILIBUSTER

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  1. FILIBUSTER The unintended consequenceof an 1806 Senate ruleshousekeeping change

  2. “the previous question” motion

  3. “the previous question” motion Senators were gentlemen. They knew when to stop talking.

  4. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”.

  5. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”. 1837 An attempt to stop the expunging of Andrew Jackson’s 1834 censure by the Senate. It failed.

  6. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”. 1837 An attempt to stop the expunging of Andrew Jackson’s 1834 censure by the Senate. It failed. 1841 Senator William King filibusters against Senator Henry Clay’s bill to charter the Second Bank of the United States. The filibuster went from February 18 to March 11. It succeeded.

  7. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”. 1837 An attempt to stop the expunging of Andrew Jackson’s 1834 censure by the Senate. It failed. 1841 Senator William King filibusters against Senator Henry Clay’s bill to charter the Second Bank of the United States. The filibuster went from February 18 to March 11. It succeeded. 1917 Cloture comes into being. Requires 2/3 of Senators voting.

  8. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”. 1837 An attempt to stop the expunging of Andrew Jackson’s 1834 censure by the Senate. It failed. 1841 Senator William King filibusters against Senator Henry Clay’s bill to charter the Second Bank of the United States. The filibuster went from February 18 to March 11. It succeeded. 1917 Cloture comes into being. Requires 2/3 of Senators voting. 1919 Cloture first used successfully to approve the Treaty of Versailles.

  9. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”. 1837 An attempt to stop the expunging of Andrew Jackson’s 1834 censure by the Senate. It failed. 1841 Senator William King filibusters against Senator Henry Clay’s bill to charter the Second Bank of the United States. The filibuster went from February 18 to March 11. It succeeded. 1917 Cloture comes into being. Requires 2/3 of Senators voting. 1919 Cloture first used successfully to approve the Treaty of Versailles. 1927 11 successful filibusters, mostly by Southern Democratic1962 Senators opposing civil rights legislation.

  10. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”. 1837 An attempt to stop the expunging of Andrew Jackson’s 1834 censure by the Senate. It failed. 1841 Senator William King filibusters against Senator Henry Clay’s bill to charter the Second Bank of the United States. The filibuster went from February 18 to March 11. It succeeded. 1917 Cloture comes into being. Requires 2/3 of Senators voting. 1919 Cloture first used successfully to approve the Treaty of Versailles. 1927 11 successful filibusters, mostly by Southern Democratic1962 Senators opposing civil rights legislation. 1949 Change from 2/3 of Senators voting to 2/3 of all Senators.

  11. 1806 The Senate eliminates rules that are redundant, including that of making a motion “for the previous question”. 1837 An attempt to stop the expunging of Andrew Jackson’s 1834 censure by the Senate. It failed. 1841 Senator William King filibusters against Senator Henry Clay’s bill to charter the Second Bank of the United States. The filibuster went from February 18 to March 11. It succeeded. 1917 Cloture comes into being. Requires 2/3 of Senators voting. 1919 Cloture first used successfully to approve the Treaty of Versailles. 1927 11 successful filibusters, mostly by Southern Democratic1962 Senators opposing civil rights legislation. 1949 Change from 2/3 of Senators voting to 2/3 of all Senators. 1975 Change from 2/3 of all Senators to 3/5 of all Senators.

  12. 2/3 of the Senators present and voting

  13. 2/3 of the Senators present and voting Simple majority on the first day of a new Congress (maybe)

  14. 2/3 of the Senators present and voting Simple majority on the first day of a new Congress (maybe) The “nuclear” or “constitutional” option

  15. 2/3 of the Senators present and voting Simple majority on the first day of a new Congress (maybe) The “nuclear” or “constitutional” option By lawsuit through the Supreme Court

  16. Mississippi Senator Theodore Bilbo filibustered a 1938 anti-lynching bill in an effort to protect "Saxon civilization."

  17. BUST THE FILIBUSTER