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Stephen Krashen. Denise Mart ínez Educ 413-109 Dr. Evelyn Lugo. Stephen Krashen. Stephen is specialize in theories of language acquisition and development. He impact in all areas of second language research and teaching since the 1980s. Theory of Second Language Acquisition.

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stephen krashen

Stephen Krashen

Denise Martínez

Educ 413-109

Dr. Evelyn Lugo

stephen krashen1
Stephen Krashen
  • Stephen is specialize in theories of language acquisition and development.
  • He impact in all areas of second language research and teaching since the 1980s.
  • Theory of Second Language Acquisition.
being a good role model can influence someone s life for the better
Being a good role model can influence someone’s life for the better

http://neslihandurmusoglu.edublogs.org/2011/01/16/second-language-acquisition/

five main hypotheses
Five main hypotheses
  • Aquisition-Learning
  • Monitor
  • Natural Order
  • Input
  • Affective
1 acquisition learning
1. Acquisition-Learning
  • “Language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill.” Stephen Krashen **Acquisition** ………………………………. **Learning**implicit, subconscious …………………………. explicit, consciousinformal situations ……………………. formal situationsuses grammatical ‘feel’ …………………… uses grammatical rulesdepends on attitude ……………………………. depends on aptitudestable order of acquisition ……………………. simple to complex order of learning
2 monitor hypothesis
2. Monitor hypothesis
  • Acquisition- Learning
  • The practical result of the learned grammar. The acquisition system is the statement initiator.
  • Plan, editing and correcting
3 natural order hypothesis
3. Natural Order hypothesis
  • Follows a natural order which is predictable.
  • No grammatical sequencing
4 input hipothesis
4. Input hipothesis
  • Explain how the learner acquires a second languages.
  • It concerned about acquisition no learning.
  • The learner improves and progresses:
    • Expose to one step beyond of the current stage of linguistic competence.
5 affective filter hypothesis
5. Affective Filter hypothesis
  • Affective variables play a facilitative, but non-causal, role in second language acquisition.
  • Motivation
  • Self-confidence
  • Anxiety

Krashen says that learners with positive affect are better equipped for success in second language acquisition.

ways to support natural acquisition
Use visuals that reinforce spoken or written words.

Employ gestures for added emphasis

Adjust your speech: Speak slowly; enunciate; use longer natural pauses; repeat words or phrases; include shorter sentences, fewer pronouns, and simpler syntax.

Exaggerate intonations at times.

Stress high-frequency vocabulary words.

Use fewer idioms and clarify the meaning of words or phrases in context.

Stress participatory learning.

Maintain a low anxiety level and be enthusiastic

Use imágenes que refuerzan las palabras habladas o escritas.

Emplear gestos

Hable despacio; el uso más pausas de forma natural; repetir palabras o frases; incluyen frases más cortas, menos pronombres y sintaxis simple.

Exagerar las entonaciones a veces.

Utiliza menos modismos y aclarar el significado de palabras o frases en su contexto.

El estrés en el aprendizaje.

Mantener un bajo nivel de ansiedad y ser entusiasta.

Ways to support Natural Acquisition
reference
Reference

Durmusoglu, N. (2011). Second Language Acquisition. Retrieved at february 9, 2011 from http://neslihandurmusoglu.edublogs.org/2011/01/16/second-language-acquisition/

Spillett, A. Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners.

Retrieved at february 10, 2011 from http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3747062

Schütz, R. (2007). Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition.

Retrieved at february 10, 2011 from http://www.sk.com.br/sk-krash.html

Brays (2008). Adquisicion de una segunda lengua.Retrieved at february 10, 2011 from http://www.brays-ingles.com/adquisicion-de-una-segunda-lengua.html

Bialystok E. Una entrevista con Stephen Krashen.Retrieved at february 10, 2011 from www.educacion.es/redele/Revista15/Krashen_Interv.pdf

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