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Ethics Fundamentals. What it all means. Objectivism. The view that some moral principles are valid for everyone. Cultural relativism. The view that an action is morally right if one’s culture approves it. Moral rightness and wrongness are therefore relative to cultures

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Ethics fundamentals

Ethics Fundamentals

What it all means


Objectivism
Objectivism

  • The view that some moral principles are valid for everyone


Cultural relativism
Cultural relativism

  • The view that an action is morally right if one’s culture approves it.

  • Moral rightness and wrongness are therefore relative to cultures

  • Example 1: Honor killing

  • Example 2: Female circumcision ( FGM)


Subjective relativism
Subjective relativism

  • The view that an action is morally right if one approves it.

  • Moral rightness and wrongness are relative not to the culture but to individuals.


Emotivism
Emotivism

  • The view that moral utterances are neither true nor false but are expressions of emotions or attitudes.

  • Implication: people cannot disagree over the moral facts because there are no moral facts- nothing is actually good or bad.