Kirkwood Soccer Club. Coaches Handbook Ages u10-13. United States Soccer Federation USSF National and Olympic Teams. US Soccer Hierarchy. American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) Soccer Association for Youth (SAY). United States Youth Soccer Association (USYSA)
National and Olympic Teams
American Youth Soccer
Soccer Association for Youth
United States Youth Soccer Association (USYSA)
55 State Associations, 4 Regions
5 Million Registered Players
US Club Soccer
Kirkwood Soccer Club
- Registration - Coaches Association
- Insurance (player, league, tournament) - Coaches Education - Top Soccer - Olympic Development
- State run Tournaments - Risk Management
1- Former Player
2- Parent getting Involved
3- Passion for Soccer
WHICH ONE ARE YOU?
Respect the Club
Respect the Player, the individual
Encourage individual responsibility
Create an challenging environment
Promote Fair Play
Follow a code of player/coach conduct
Ensure safety at all times
Provide constant communication with both player and parent in terms of education and development
Always seek to learn from and within the game of SOCCERKSC Coaching Principles
Treat all players with respect
Treat each player as a unique individual
Encourage players to ask questions and express feelings
Have patience and understanding
Demonstrate responsibility to the game, opponents, officials etc
Empathy & Understanding
Players participate for different reasons
Serve as a Facilitator
Control conditions and environment for learning
Enthusiastic, demanding, motivating, and positive!
Sandwich technique = PRAISE / CRITICISM / PRAISE
Appropriate activities – challenging and exciting/fun
Objective – passes, spacing, goals, movement etcRole of the Coach
Technical Ability to consistently manipulate the ball successfully. What the player is able to do with the ball.
f) Aerobic – with oxygen.
g) Anaerobic – with oxygen.
Tactical Game Insight or Game Instinct. Decision-making.
a) Individual (1 v 1).
b) Group (2 v 2 ) or (7 v 7).
c) Team (8 v 8) or (11 v 11).
a) Age specific.
c) Training rhythm.
d) Motivation, enthusiasm, determination, ability to deal with set-back, etc.
e) Individual vs. team.
They receive information and process it in order of importance.
They block out unnecessary cues – attend to the most important.
They concentrate on the execution of decisions they have made.
They initiate the execution of mechanics from that decision.
Coaches should talk to players in a language that players will understand.
The communication of knowledge is the sole purpose of education.
Our method of translating knowledge needs to be effective and attuned to the PLAYER and the TEAM.
1. Warm-up - Lack of pressure from opponent. Pressure from ball and imposed demands.
2. Small Sided Activity - Introduce pressure / some elements may not be realistic. Does not have to be directional.
3. Expanded Small Sided Activity – close to the “big picture.” Directional.
4. Match Conditions – Game, with all rules (5v5 includes GK’s).
Economical Training: combining as many of the pillars of soccer in one activity as possible.
Specificity of Training
S – Specific
A – Adaptations
I – Imposed
D – Demands
What are you going to coach?
When? Frequency? Weekly/Seasonal?
Paint a Picture = “Show it – Talk it – Do it”
Elements of Practice
Organization – size, space, numbers, equipment, realistic to game?
Create a “Transition Zone” – blocks distractions, fun, creates a positive tone for practiceMethods
Over-coaching is when your players look at you for every move.
Under-coaching is when your players can’t find you.
Dr. Ron Quinn
In an effort to improve our Technical Speed, it is imperative WE begin to teach our players how to handle the ball under pressure.
Begin with teaching technique in a dynamic fashion.
What is the topic/ theme of the session?
How players are active?
How many balls, cones, vests, & field space?
What is the player setup?
What are the dimensions of the field?
Where is the best coaching position?
What are the rules of the exercise?
What are the coaching points of the session?
This process needs to occur with long-term development as our goal. Two questions we need to ask ourselves, where are they now? Where do we want to take them?
This is the first stage of the training session:
It should carry some common thread to the overall theme of training. The idea behind this stage is to get the body warm and the mind prepared to perform the desired techniques necessary for the session. It is imperative to include functional technical exercises into the warm-up. Look to develop the technical speed of your players.
What is Technical Speed can be defined in two ways:
Speed of mental acquisition – choosing the surface of reception/ pass before the ball arrives based upon the surroundings
Speed of technical execution – the application of mental acquisition. The speed by which a player can execute his/her thoughts.Training Format
Begin with teaching technique in a dynamic fashion.
Dynamic Technical Training is defined by learning the aspects/ intricacies of passing/receiving/dribbling while in motion. NO static standing!!!
Small/ Large Group Functional Exercise(s)
This is the middle of the session, the “meat”, the “substance”. The theme of the session is expressed and instructed.
The format can be two forms:
Small to Large Group functional exercises- defined as groups of 4-6 players then to 8 or more.
Large Group functional exercises- defined as 8 or more players.Training Format
The exercises should include some form of opposition (players, time, touches)
The exercises should be specific to functions/roles of players as well as areas of the field, ie attacking wide areas (wide defenders/ wide midfielders).
There is an element of technical functional training, ie attacking wide areas (crossing/serving balls).
An element of scenario training is necessary. Scenario Training is a concept by which the Coach creates a problem for the players to re-solve, ie attacking wide areas (must score off a cross; switch fields with a diagonal).Training Format
Some terms to remember and use:
Shape: The positioning of fellow players in relation to each other, the goal, and the ball. Good shape relates to good soccer. Look for angles that involve triangles.
Technical Speed: The speed by which an individual player can perform the technique under pressure.
Speed of execution/ Decisions: The speed and quality of decisions to maintain possession or score.
Speed of Play: The overall speed of the team to perform the technical and tactical requirements necessary to maintain possession or score.
Compress: When defending, make the field smaller by moving players in positions to deny penetration.Principles of Coaching
Field Sense is knowing where you are on the field, where is your help, where is your opposition, how much time is left and of courses where is the ball in relation to your goal versus the opposing goal.Principles of Coaching
The game of soccer can be broken down into two (2) basic concepts:
When in possession of the ball, WE want to create more space and time on the ball.
When not in possession, WE want to deny space and time on the ball for the opposition.
Look to score. Utilize combination plays to maintain possession. Player movement is crucial. Be creative.
Attacking principles for an attack-oriented style:
Attack with Pace.
Immediately after winning the ball, look forward first.
Utilize possession to probe with quick accurate passing.
Create 2 versus 1 situations, numbers up.
Transition from defense to attack needs to be quick.
Define player roles and objectives when in possession.Principles of Play
Deny space and time for the opposition.
Pressure the ball. Apply cover and balance according to the goal, opposition, and the ball.
Defensive Principles in an attack-oriented style:
Transition from attacking to defending needs to be quick.
Pressurize opponent immediately.
Defend up field.
Deny space by keeping the field compact.
Define the player roles and objectives when defending.Principles of Play
1st Attacker: Player with the ball. Look to score first, then penetrate with a pass or dribble. Look to maintain possession.
2nd Attacker: Player(s) in immediate support of the 1st Attacker. Look to combine with the 1st Attacker to help maintain possession.
3rd Attacker: Player(s) whom provide length and width. Their runs create space and opportunities for penetration.
Roles of Defenders:
1st Defender: Player whom applies immediate pressure on the ball, closest to the ball.
2nd Defender: Player(s) whom provide cover and depth for the 1st defender. Position self at an appropriate angle to deny penetration on the dribble and by a forward pass.
3rd Defender: Player(s) who are providing balance across the field to deny penetration from long balls. Look to track players away from the ball.Principles of Play
Safety – decisions to insure safety is maintained (no chances)
Risk – decisions allow for a degree of risk to gain an advantage
Attacking 1/3 (More Risk – Less Safety)
Move Receive Finish
Middle 1/3 (Even Risk & Safety)
Build Connect Support
Defensive 1/3 (More Safety – Little Risk)
Deny Destroy DevelopPrinciples of Play
Is the exercise game related?
Is the exercise soccer specific?
It is imperative that the Coach sets the tone for the season, session, and game.
Coaches are expected to create a learning environment that is challenging. This requires certain expectations:
Shirts tucked in, socks pulled up
NO foul language
NO talking when the coach is talking
Coaches must look PROFESSIONAL
Demand Quality and you will get QUALITY
Mistakes will happen, STOP, REPLAY, RESTART
DO NOT let the STANDARD DROP!!!
Use tone and inflection to maintain the standard.Demands