Assessment of Abdomen. Large cavity extending from diaphragm to pelvis Vertebral column & paravertebral muscles along the back Lower rib cage & abdominal muscles in front 4 layers of large flat muscles joined midline by linea alba. Viscera.
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12th rib forms an angle with the vertebral column called the costovertebral angle. Kidneys lie here at 11th & 12th ribs.
Right kidney sometimes palpable b/c it lies 1-2cm lower than the left (liver on the right).
During embryonic life, milk lines curve from the axilla to the groin bilaterally.
The rest of the ridge usually atrophies.
Occasionally a supernumerary nipple persists along the track of the mammary ridge.
(Canadian Cancer Society, 2008)