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Deviance and Social Control. Fall 2006. Outline. Crime is normal & Deviance is relative History of sociology of deviance From deviance to social control 2 dimensions of social control Style (penal, comp, etc.) Arena (law, norms, etc.) Design as Social Control. Take-Aways.

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Presentation Transcript
outline
Outline
  • Crime is normal & Deviance is relative
  • History of sociology of deviance
      • From deviance to social control
  • 2 dimensions of social control
      • Style (penal, comp, etc.)
      • Arena (law, norms, etc.)
  • Design as Social Control
take aways
Take-Aways
  • Crime is normal
  • Deviance is relative
  • Conformity-Deviance as continuum with socially designated cutoff point
  • Social control varies
    • Law as small part of social control
    • Norms as the “social” in social control
    • Sociology seeks to understand distribution of control
  • Terms/Concepts: deviance, conformity, norm, social control, label, detterence
crime is normal
Crime is Normal
  • Durkheim: distinguish normal and pathological
  • Present in every society
  • Even a society of angels…
  • SOCIALLY pathological if rate too high or low
slide6
It does not offend the collective because it is a crime; it is a crime because it offends the collective…
all behavior varies and groups have a collective sense of how we do it

Under “Acceptable” Over

“Acceptable” Different

All Behavior Varies and Groups Have a Collective Sense of “How we do it”
  • Two possibilities
all behavior varies and groups have a collective sense of how we do it1
All Behavior Varies and Groups Have a Collective Sense of “How we do it”

Another way to look at it…

US

US

THEM

THEM

THEM

example student role
Example: Student Role

Slackers Normals Geeks, Nerds

example reading pages per week
Example: Reading Pages Per Week

0 100 250

Gut Course Normal Insanely unreasonable

example abortion
Example: Abortion

When can pregnancies be ended?

Never!

“Morning after” Pill only

Conception Birth

US Law

example premarital sex
Example: Premarital Sex

How “far” is OK?

Hold Hands Intercourse

deviance is relative
Deviance is relative
  • Changes from one society/group to another
  • Changes over time
  • Classic example of social construct
  • But still very real to the group
deviance is relative examples
Deviance is relative: Examples
  • Date rape
  • Honor killings
  • Hate crime
  • Enron
  • Fashion
  • Smoking
  • Safe sex
  • Littering
social control varies
Social Control Varies
  • By Arena
    • State
    • Organization
    • Society
  • By Style
    • PenalCompensation
    • Conciliation
    • Therapy
    • Prevention
    • Reform
ideo s social mobiles

IDEO’s Social Mobiles

http://www.ideo.com/case_studies/Social_Mobiles/menu.html

the electric shock mobile

The Electric Shock Mobile

http://www.ideo.com/case_studies/Social_Mobiles/SoMo1-3.html

the catapult mobile

The Catapult Mobile

http://www.ideo.com/case_studies/Social_Mobiles/SoMo1-5.html