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Deviance and Social Control. Tyler Ruby and Chris Coup. Thesis. To analyze and interpret deviance and social Control and how it has affected our society in recent years. The Relativity of Deviance.

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Deviance and social control

Deviance and Social Control

Tyler Ruby and Chris Coup


  • To analyze and interpret deviance and social Control and how it has affected our society in recent years.

The relativity of deviance
The Relativity of Deviance

  • Refers to Any Action or Behavior That Differ from Cultural Norms Including Formally Enacted Rules.

  • Examples Include: Intelligence, Athlete, Ethnicity, Crime, and Fashion.

Who defines deviance
Who Defines Deviance

  • Every society decides what is deviance and what is not.

  • Functionalism: Each group enforces its norms among the members

Conflict theory
Conflict Theory

  • Each group is dominated by a group of elite people.

  • Basic purpose is to maintain that power.

  • Society is groups that are controlled uneasily by this group of people

Control theory
Control Theory

  • Inner and Outer controls help determine crime

  • Ex: Conscious, values, morals, integrity, police, family, and friends

  • These form a person’s self-control

  • Children who lack this are more likely to become criminals.

Labeling theory
Labeling Theory

  • Meanings people derive from labels, symbols, and reactions.

  • Certain behaviors aren’t deviant unless society claims them to be deviant.

  • Powerful individuals impose the more significant labels

Differential association
Differential Association

  • A learned phenomenon

  • People learned to be criminals by being associated with areas of high criminal activity

  • Crime is matter of the ordinary

Anomie theory
Anomie Theory

  • Arises when social norms conflict or don’t exist

  • Kept from reaching a certain goal

  • “Make a Point”

Sociological explanation
Sociological Explanation

  • Looking for answers within individuals

  • Something in their makeup forces them to become a deviant

  • Environmental factors encourage deviance

Biological explanation
Biological Explanation

  • Focuses on inborn tendencies

  • 1.) Intelligence- Usually low intelligence leads to crime

  • 2.) The XYY theory- The extra Y chromosome leads to crime

  • 3.) Body Type- the more bulk you are the more likely you are to commit a crime.

Psychological explanation
Psychological Explanation

  • Abnormalities within the individual

  • Personality disorders

  • Bad experiences

Functionalist perspective
Functionalist Perspective

  • Deviance clarifies moral boundaries and affirms norms

  • Deviance promotes social unity

  • Deviance promotes social change

4 types of deviance
4 types of Deviance

  • Innovators: people who accept the goals of society (embezzlers and robbers)

  • Ritualism: Cling to conventional goals of conduct

  • Retreatism: Reject both cultural goals and institutionalized means of achieving them

  • Rebellion: Convinced that their society is corrupt

Conflict perspective
Conflict Perspective

  • Power and Social inequality is the primary characteristic of a society

  • Those who sell labor, and those who buy labor

  • Marginal Working Class: People with few skills

  • Most likely to commit street crimes

Reactions to deviance
Reactions to Deviance

  • Sanctions: Negative and Positive

    • -Most negative are informal

    • -Gossip, Glares

      Degradation Ceremonies: Designed to strip the individual of his or her identity in the group.


Capital punishment
Capital Punishment

  • “The death penalty”

  • Up to the state whether to employ capital punishment

  • Financial costs tend to be higher

  • Blatant deterrent of crime

  • Typically supported by most religions

Medicalization of deviance
Medicalization of Deviance

  • Deviance such as crime is considered a mental illness

  • Rape, murder, and robbery are seen as internal disorders

  • Usually depends on peoples experience in life, not mental illnesses


  • How do you feel deviance is brought about in society?

    • - He really thinks that deviance is encouraged by the area that they live in. Their social environment gives them opportunities to commit deviance.

      Do you think that we do enough as a society to control deviance?

      - He thinks that we try to do the most we can. He hopes that we would use the death penalty a little more, but we need to make sure we are putting people in jail for credible crimes

      Have you ever been guilty of giving an informal reaction to someone violating a social norm?

      - Yes, he admits to laughing at people who just look absolutely ridiculous in public. I admit that I often laugh aloud with him.



Works cited
Works Cited

  • Theories of Deviance. 12 May 2009<,articleId-26873.html>.

  • GORDON MARSHALL. "differential association." A Dictionary of Sociology. 1998. 12 May. 2009 <>.

  • Henslin, James. Sociology: A Down to Earth Perspective. 3. Needham Heights: A Pearson Education, 2001.

  • "Deviance (sociology)." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 13 May 2009, 21:09 UTC. 14 May 2009 <>.

  • Hughes, Michael. “The Nature of Deviance.” Online Learning Center. 11 May 2009.