Sexual Coercion. 83% of rape victims are under 25 years old. Statutory rape – if victim is under the age of sexual consent (e.g. 17). Rape trauma syndrome. Acute phase Lasts hours to weeks Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Expressive or controlled emotions. Rape Trauma Syndrome (Cont.).
83% of rape victims are under 25 years old • Statutory rape – if victim is under the age of sexual consent (e.g. 17)
Rape trauma syndrome • Acute phase • Lasts hours to weeks • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder • Expressive or controlled emotions
Rape Trauma Syndrome (Cont.) • Long-term reorganization • Years • Fear of retaliation • Change addresses • PTSD • Nightmares, depression, anxiety • Sexual problems • Lack of sexual desire
Rape Drugs • Rohypnol • “Date-rape” drug • Sedative - lasts several hours • Varying degrees of amnesia
Reducing risk of date rape • Meet in a public place • E.g. for lunch • Be independent • No drinking • Be clear in your expectations • Be consistent in the messages you are sending
Rape avoidance • Women who scream, kick and run were more likely to avoid being raped
After a rape • Best to report even an attempt • Do not • Take a shower (eliminates evidence) • Practice your story to make it believable • Try to figure out what you did wrong
Helping a friend recover from a rape • Listen to her • Give words of comfort • Offer shelter at your home • Let her discuss this as often as she wants • Do not insist the victim call a rape hotline, or see a counselor
Sexual abuse survivors • Sexual difficulties • Drug and alcohol abuse • Obesity
Incest • Brother-sister is most common • Sexual contact with daughter = incest • Sexual contact with daughter’s 10 year old friend = pedophilia
Pedophilia • Sex with children
Pedophiles • Often moralistic or religious • Lonely • Poorly informed about sexuality • Have problems with alcoholism • Sexually victimized during his own childhood
“Recovered” memories of childhood • Legitimacy of recovered memories has been supported by several research studies • Sometimes, but not always accurate • False “memories” can be created in the research lab • ”Repressed memories” may be inadvertently planted by overzealous interviewers.
Sexual harassment • Two types • Quid pro quo • Something for something • Hostile or offensive work environment