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Environmental Health and Safety - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Environmental Health and Safety. OSHA. The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) imposes three major obligations on employers: To provide a safe and healthy work environment To comply with specific occupational safety and health standards

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Presentation Transcript
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OSHA
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) imposes three major obligations on employers:
    • To provide a safe and healthy work environment
    • To comply with specific occupational safety and health standards
    • To keep records of occupational injuries and illnesses
  • Covers private employers and Federal Government
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health
osha duties
OSHA Duties
  • Setting standards
  • Granting variances
  • Gear certification
  • Record keeping
  • Workplace inspections
  • Investigation
  • Citations and penalties
  • Education programs
safety conditions regulated by osha
Excessive noise

Confined spaces

Unlabeled substances

Hazardous chemicals

Electrical hazards

Fire and explosion hazards

Unguarded machines

Magnetic fields

Heights

Some repetitive motions

Infectious diseases

And many many others....

Safety Conditions Regulated by OSHA
osha mandated training
OSHA Mandated Training
  • The following citations include annual retraining requirements:
  • Access to medical records-29CFR 1910.1020(g)(1).
  • Bloodborne pathogens-29 CFR.1030(e)(2)(ii)(M); and (g)(2)(ii)(C).
  • Fire brigades-29 CFR 1910.156(c)(2); and Appendix A, paragraph 5.
  • Fixed extinguishing systems-29 CFR 1910.160(b)(10).
  • Grain handling facilities-29 CFR 1910.272(e)(1).
  • Mechanical power presses-29 CFR 1910.217(h)(13)(i).
  • Occupational noise-29 CFR 1910.95(k)(2).
  • Permit-required confined space-20 CFR 1910.146(k)(2)(iv)-(rescue).
  • Portable fire extinguishers-29 CFR 1910.157(g)(2) & (4).
  • Respiratory protection-29 CFR 1910.134(k)(5).
  • In addition, the chemical-specific regulations in Subpart Z require annual retraining.
hr safety responsibilities
HR Safety Responsibilities
  • Self-inspections
  • Inform workers
    • Posting proper signs and labels
    • Providing appropriate training
  • Record keeping
    • Training records on file
    • Post the OSHA 300 – Log and Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
    • Report accidents that results in a fatality or hospitalization of 3 or more workers within 8 hours
  • Disciplining safety violations
citations and penalties
Citations and Penalties

Other-Than- Serious

A violation that has a direct relationship to job safety and health, but one unlikely to cause death or serious physical harm. OSHA may propose a penalty of up to $7,000 for each violation.

Serious

A violation where there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result and the employer knew, or should have known, of the hazard. OSHA may propose a mandatory penalty of up to $7,000 for each violation.

Willful

A violation that the employer intentionally and knowingly commits, or a violation that the employer commits with plain indifference to the law. OSHA may propose penalties of up to $70,000 for each violation.

hazardous materials regulation
Hazardous Materials Regulation
  • Right-to-Know Laws
    • Laws that require employers to advise employees about the hazardous chemicals they handle.
  • Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
    • OSHA-published hazardous chemical regulations known as the HCS prescribes a system for communicating data on health risks of handling certain materials.
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
    • Documents that contain vital information about hazardous substances.
personal protective equipment ppe
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Employers are required to provide and to pay for PPE required to do a job safely in compliance with OSHA standards.
  • Where equipment is usable by workers off the job, the matter of payment may be left to labor-management negotiations.
  • Shoes or outerwear subject to contamination which cannot be safely worn off-site must be paid for by the employer.
  • Examples of PPE that would not be used away from the worksite:
    • Welding gloves / wire mesh gloves
    • Respirators
    • Hard hats
    • Specialty glasses (e.g., designed ultraviolet radiation protection)
  • Examples of PPE that is personal in nature:
    • Non-specialty safety glasses
    • Safety shoes
    • Cold-weather outer wear
safety programs
Safety Programs
  • Safety committees with participation by all departments.
  • Employees participate in safety decisions.
  • Communicate safety as much as possible.
    • Lectures
    • Posters and signs
    • Videos
  • Use incentives and rewards to encourage safe behavior.
  • They communicate safety rules and enforce them.
  • Regular self-inspection and accident research.
required posters
Required Posters
  • Generally, workplaces should post the following applicable notices:
  • Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
  • Job Safety and Health Protection (OSHA),
  • Equal Employment Opportunity (EEOC),
  • Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and
  • Employee Polygraph Protection Act.
  • http://www.twc.state.tx.us/ui/lablaw/posters.html