Moving Forward with Focus in a Professional Career by N. Narayana RaoAssociate Head for Instructional and Graduate Affairs December 2000
Outline A. Education and Career (3–12) B. Guiding Influences (13–19) C. Research Activities (20–30) D. Teaching and Textbooks (31–45) E. Service Record (46–75) F. Awards and Recognitions (76–89)
Guiding Philosophy:Approach to Problem Solving For every problem, there is not just a solution but a good solution.
Guiding Philosophy:Approach to Working with People • Most important thing in working with people is to treat them like people. • Associate personalities with those of your family members, friends, etc. • Treat people with the same respect and dignity you expect to receive from them • Understand that no one is perfect.
Guiding Principles From the Upanishads: • Matrudevo bhava: Revere the mother as God! • Pitrudevo bhava: Revere the father as God! • Acharyadevo bhava: Revere the preceptor as God! • Atidhidevo bhava: Revere the guest as God!
Among the Guiding Personalities: William L. Everitt (1900–1986) • Head of the department 1944-1949 • Dean of the College of Engineering 1949-1968 • During his tenure as head, the department more than doubled its size of faculty and students. • 1984: named to IEEE’s Centennial Hall of Fame as one of top two electrical engineering educators of the century “I am an optimist rather than a pessimist. It is possible that the pessimists may be proven right in the long run, but we optimists have a better time on the trip.”
Among the Guiding Personalities: Edward C. Jordan (1910–1991) • Department head 1954-1979 • Authored nine books, including the popular Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems, first published in 1950
Research Prior to UIUC(1956–1965) • “Galactic radiation at 30 Mc/s,” Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, vol. 17A, pp. 54-56, 1958. (First journal publication) • “Lunar tidal variations in the ionospheric layers,” M.S. thesis, University of Washington, 1960. • “Resolution of ionospheric valley ambiguity in true height computation using ordinary wave observations,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington, 1965.
UIUC Laboratory Affiliations (1965–1980) • Ionosphere Radio Laboratory (IRL) • C. H. Liu, K. C. Yeh, and G. W. Swenson, Jr. • Radiolocation Research Laboratory (RRL) • Formerly Radio Direction Finding Laboratory and later Radio Research Laboratory • A. D. Bailey, J. D. Dyson, E. W. Ernst, and C. S. Gardner
First RRL Journal Publication • “Ray Tracing Investigation of Direction of Arrival Observations of HF Radio Waves,” Radio Science, vol. 3, pp. 796-802, August 1968. • First scientific journal publication from Radiolocation Research Lab since its inception as a postwar research program.
Wullenweber Array • Used in Radio Direction Finding Laboratory • In operation 1955-1980 • Used 120 antennas and was 1000 ft in diameter • Operated in frequency range of 4-16 MHz
Comparison of Ray-Tracing Results with Experimental Observations
Acoustic Waves in the Ionosphere(Ionosphere Radio Laboratory) • Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, vol. 31, pp. 539-545, 1969. • Ionospheric electron content observations at three stations
Analysis for Traveling Ionospheric Disturbance Characteristics
Analysis of Discrete Oblique Ionogram Traces in Sweep-Frequency Sky-Wave High-Resolution Backscatter • Radio Science, vol. 10, pp. 149-153, 1975. • Bistatic arrangement with transmitter located near Lost Hills, CA, and receiver located about 185 km to the NW at Los Banos, CA.
Analysis for Quasiparobolic Layer Parameters • fc = 11.61 MHz • hb = 185.42 km • ym = 144.66 km • D = 1448 km
Courses Taught in the Following Areas • Circuits • Electronics • Signals and Systems • Electromechanical Energy Conversion • Electromagnetic Fields and Waves • Transmission Lines • Microwave Engineering • Radio Wave Propagation
Electromagnetics Teaching (Courses at UIUC) • Redefined teaching of electromagnetics • ECE 229: Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields • ECE 350: Lines, Fields, and Waves • Introduced new courses • ECE 230: Computer Solution of EM Problems I • ECE 349: Computer Solution of EM Problems II • ECE 357: Microwave Devices & Circuits • ECE 358: Applications of Radio Wave Propagation • ECE 371: Microwave Communication
Authored Six Books 1972 1977 1987 2000 1991 1994
Basic Electromagnetics with Applications (1972) • Vector Analysis • The Static Electric Field • The Static Magnetic Field • The Electromagnetic Field • Materials and Fields • Applied Electromagnetics • Part1. Statics, Quasistatics, and Distrubited Circuits • Part 2. Electromagnetic Waves
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 1st ed., 1977 • First book to break with tradition and be progressive • “A one-semester text in which the basic material is built up on time-varying fields and their engineering applications so as to enhance its utility for the one-semester student of engineering electromagnetics, while enabling the student who will continue to take further (elective) courses in electromagnetics to learn many of the same field concepts and mathematical tools and techniques provided by the traditional treatment” — from the Preface
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 1st ed. (1977) • Vectors and Fields • Maxwell’s Equations in Integral Form • Maxwell’s Equations in Differential Form • Wave Propagation in Free Space • Wave Propagation in Material Media • Transmission Lines • Waveguides • Antennas • Static and Quasistatic Fields • Special Topics
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 1977–2000 • 1st ed. (1977) — First book to break with tradition. • 2nd ed. (1987) — Expanded for two semester use. First book to incorporate software by including PC programs. • 3rd ed. (1991) — More PC programs. • 4th ed. (1994) — First book to add coverage on electromagnetic principles for photonics at introductory level. • 5th ed. (2000) — First book to organize chapters to reflect progression of major technologies based on Maxwell’s equations.
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 2nd ed. (1987) • Vectors and Fields • Fields and Materials • Maxwell’s Equations in Integral Form and Boundary Conditions • Maxwell’s Equations in Differential Form and Potential Functions • Topics in Static and Quasistatic Fields • Uniform Plane Waves • Transmission Lines 1. Time Domain Analysis • Transmission Lines 2. Sinusoidal Steady-State Analysis • Waveguides • Antennas
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 3rd ed. (1991) • Vectors and Fields • Fields and Materials • Maxwell’s Equations in Integral Form and Boundary Conditions • Maxwell’s Equations in Differential Form, Potential Functions, and Energy Storage • Topics in Static and Quasistatic Fields • Uniform Plane Waves • Transmission Lines 1. Time Domain Analysis • Transmission Lines 2. Sinusoidal Steady-State Analysis • Waveguides • Antennas
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 4th ed. (1994) • Vectors and Fields • Fields and Materials • Maxwell’s Equations in Integral Form and Boundary Conditions • Maxwell’s Equations in Differential Form, Potential Functions, and Energy Storage • Topics in Static and Quasistatic Fields • Uniform Plane Waves • Transmission Lines 1. Time Domain Analysis • Transmission Lines 2. Sinusoidal Steady-State Analysis • Metallic Waveguides and Resonators • Electromagnetic Principles for Photonics • Antennas
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 5th ed., 2000 • Coverage reorganized to reflect progression of electromagnetic technologies.
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, 5th ed. (2000) • Vectors and Fields • Fields and Materials • Maxwell’s Equations in Integral Form and Boundary Conditions • Maxwell’s Equations in Differential Form, Potential Functions, and Energy Storage • Uniform Plane Waves and Power Flow in an Electromagnetic Field • Field and Line Essentials for Digital Electronics • Transmission Lines for Communications • Topics in Electric- and Magnetic-Field Systems • Guided Wave Principles for Electronics and Optoelectronics • Several Topics for Electronics and Photonics • Principles of Radiation and Antennas • Topics in Numerical Electromagnetics
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, Dedications • 3rd ed. (1991) And Orange and Blue, this book is for you too! You ain’t my alma mater, but does it really matter? Take it from a loyal member, by chance your birthday sharer. • 5th ed. (2000) In deep appreciation of the profound influence on my professional career by the late Edward C. Jordan (1910–1991), renowned author of the famous text book, “Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems,” first published in 1950 by Prentice Hall, and revered head of my department for 25 years (1954–1979).
Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, Impact • One of five EM textbooks (out of more than 100) noted for impact and longevity • Ramo & Whinnery (1944, 1953); with Van Duzer (1965, 1984, 1994) • Jordan (1950); with Balmain (1968) • Kraus (1953, 1984, 1992); with Carver (1973); with Fleisch (1999) • Hayt (1958, 1967, 1974, 1981, 1989); with Buck (2001) • Rao (1977, 1987, 1991, 1994, 2000) • Usage 1977–2000 • Over 7000 students from UIUC alone • Thousands nationwide and abroad • Over 60 instructors at UIUC alone
Service Prior to 1987 • Course Director, ECE 229, ECE 358 • Electromagnetic Fields Area Committee • Curriculum Committee • Research Committee • Graduate Committee • Graduate Admissions Committee • Graduate Coordinator
International Consultancy, 1985–1986 • Consultant at University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Department of Electrical Engineering, under the MUCIA-Indonesia World Bank IX Education Project • Developed new curricula for 1990s and beyond • Planned for instructional laboratories • Demonstrated instructional techniques • Advised in planning for manpower
Associate Head of Department, 1987–Present • Redefined job and streamlined ongoing activities over the years. • Introduced new initiatives to meet the challenges. • Authored three books while serving as Associate Head. • Presently in charge of “instructional and graduate affairs.”