CDI Community De-Weaponization Program. CDI Summary. SERIOUS EFFORT Community-based Weapons Buyback Program SERIOUS MONEY - Buys out the Iraqi arms market at irresistible prices. SERIOUS GOAL - “De-weaponizes” the public of rockets, missile launchers, heavy weapons & IEDs.
CDI Summary • SERIOUS EFFORT Community-based Weapons Buyback Program • SERIOUS MONEY- Buys out the Iraqi arms market at irresistible prices. • SERIOUS GOAL - “De-weaponizes” the public of rockets, missile launchers, heavy weapons & IEDs. • SERIOUS PLAYERS - Can be key to halting FRL attacks and Terrorist acquisition of weapons
CDI The Market is Killing Us! FRL attacks CF/CPA principally with: • RPG-7 Anti-tank rockets • AK-47 Rifles & Light Machine Guns • Hand Grenades • 60mm / 81mm Mortars • 105mm / 122mm Artillery Round/IEDs
CDI The CF is Taking Serious Casualties! • US Force Losses +91 Dead* • Wounded +1,200 • Average 1 KIA & 3-5 WIA per Day • Each soldier killed is a priceless loss • Avg $350,000 per attack - cost of loss of one HMMWV & one Soldier *since major combat opns declared complete
CDI Non-CF Losses • UN HQ – 25 Dead • Jordanian Embassy -17 Dead • NGOs – 5 Dead • US Civilian Contractors – 5 Dead • IQ Police Attacks - +30 Dead • IQ Civilians Bystanders - Numerous Dead
CDI • Millions of pieces of Iraqi military weapons are in the hands of the local populace • Actual Quantities are unknown • Includes all types of small weapons • Weapons are available for sale to anyone with money! • FRLs & Indigenous Resistance Orgs • Terrorists Al Qaeda / Ansar Al Islam / PKK/ MAK • Tribal Groups & Religious Militias
CDIThe Arms Market is Killing Us! RPG-7 Anti-tank Rocket Launchers • Public Cost $45-70 (as of 6 Oct 03) • Easy to Transport • Only Used for FRLs, Terrorists & Tribal Wars
CDIThe Arms Market is Killing Us! • Automatic Rifles & Light Machine Guns • Ak-47 Rifle - $50-$150 • RPD LMG - $70 • PKC LMG - $150-300 • Dragunov Sniper Rifle - $300 • Grenades • RGD/F-1 - $2
CDIThe Arms Market is Killing Us! • 60mm 81mm Mortars • $500-1000 per tube • $5 per round • 120mm Mortar • $2,000 per tube
CDIThe Arms Market is Killing Us! • 105mm / 122mm Artillery Rounds • Used as Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
CDIThe Arms Market is Killing Us! Production Made Explosives • Terrorist Large Vehicle Bombs • UXO debris • Military Explosives • Commercial Explosives • Human Guided Suicide Bombers • Commercial Explosives • Military Explosives Irbil LVBIED Car bombing
CDI The Market is Killing Us! New York Times 8 Oct 2003 “US unable to locate large number of shoulder-fired antiaircraft missiles …” “American military is pressing the search… offering a reward of $500 for each one. “ “there is a vibrant international black market for the missiles in which an Sa-7 can fetch as much as $5,000 – far more than the United States military is offering.”
CDI Past & Present Programs • CPA Amnesty Program - Coalition Provisional Authority (May 23 2003) National Order, Subject: Weapons Control • Tuwaitha Nuclear Materials Barrel Buyback (2003) - $3 per barrel • CJTF-7 MANPADS Buyback program (2003) - MANPADS Weapons Buyback Program, $1.5 Million allocated • $500 for a complete system • $300 for a partial system • SaddamHussein Weapons Amnesty(1991) - Return weapons $50 or be arrested & killed
CDI Past & Present Programs Far too Cheap. Far too Slow. Far too much emphasis on budgets CDI is about Results!
This Violence Can Be StoppedRemove the Arms in the only Way Iraqis Trust and Can’t Resist!
CDI Mission Objective Buy Out the Entire Illicit Arms Market
CDI Mission Objective Leverages Hard US Financial Aid Power to Defeat & Control Terrorist’s Firepower
CDI Overview • DEPRIVES FRLs, Al Qaeda/Ansar Al Islam cells and other transnational terrorists of using Iraq public market as a weapons source. • Removes excess SAMs, RPGs & military explosives • LOW COST - USAID $2.5 million / DoD $5 million – DoD matches $3 to $1 for additional funding up to $10 million. • Physical Structures Available in Basra, Baghdad, Mosul • CF supported by removal of weapons & explosives • Cheaper than combat sweep operations • IMPLEMENTABLE within weeks. Immediate, quantifiable results.
CDI Overview • SIMPLE rules • Straight cash for weapons. • Any quantity. No questions. • OFFERS complete anonymity • No CF action or follow-up after transaction • REDUCES anti-CF attacks • BUILDS trust and enhances economy
CDI Markets With Money “If You Have Weapons” “We Have Cash.”
CDI Physical Operations Process • Establish Warehouse Facility • Basra (pilot facility – D-D+ 6 weeks) • Baghdad (principle facility – D+8 weeks) • Mosul / Tikrit (future) • Market on TV & Radio • Free movement Pass for Weapons with Rendered-safe Device • Render Safe Device – Neon Yellow Cable lock blocks barrels/bolts • Will be found at Police Stations & Govt Buildings - Free
CDI Physical Operations Process RPG Conex Collection “Weapons In” Rifle Conex Mortar Conex Outside Sorting Area Disbursing “Money Out” SAM Conex UXO Conex
CDI Physical Operations Process “Weapon-in” Window • SAMs / RPGs / Military Explosives have Head of Line Privilege • Each Weapon is Safe’d & Digitally Tagged • Entered into Computer Database • Placed in Storage CONEX • Seller handed disbursing “Token”
CDI Physical Operations Process “Money-out” Window • Seller turns in disbursing tag • Tag checked against control list • Cash is handed to seller • Seller goes away happy Weapons serial numbers are kept in central database to reveal pilferage from CF or Iraqi forces.
CDI Physical Operations Process At Close of Business? Weapons Turned Over to CF CF can redistribute to ICDC UXO, Unstable Explosives Demo’d on site
CDI Comparison of Purchase Prices Weapon 10/03 CDI Buyout Market Price Ak-47, Kalashnikov, Full stock $75 $300 Ak-47, Kalashnikov, Folding stock $150 $400 PM-12, 9mm SMG $200 $500 Mk-2 Sterling, 9mm SMG $250 $700 MP-5, 9mm SMG $500 $1,000 Uzi, 9mm SMG $700 $1,000 RPG-7, with gunnery sight $65 $1,000 RPG-7, without gunnery sight $45 $900 RPD, 7.62mm light MG $80 $500 PKC, 7.62mm light MG $150 $1,000 DShka, 14.5mm HMG $1000 $2,000 Dragunov Sniper Rifle $300 $700
CDI Comparison of Purchase Prices Weapon 10/03 Market price CDI Buyout price 60mm mortar tube $1,000 $3,000 82mm mortar tube $2,000 $5,000 120mm mortar Tube $1,000 $7,000 SA-7/14/16 Anti-aircraft missile $4000-5000 $10,000
CDI Comparison of Purchase Prices Weapon 10/03 CDI Buyout price Market price Explosives & Ammunition Hand Grenade $1-2 $5 RPG-7 rockets $20 $25 C-4 / military TNT block 1kg $50 $200 60mm mortar $10 $20 82mm mortar $20 $50 107mm rocket $200 $400 122mm Artillery Shell $100 $750 155mm+ Artillery Shell $200 $1000 Specialty Items Night Vision Devices $300 $500 RPG-7 Scopes $10 $30
CDI Sample Purchase Impact ($2 million) Weapon Budget Allocation Potential to Buy RPG-7 Launchers $500,000 500 launchers AK-47 Kalashnikov $400,000 1,000 various rifles 60mm Mortars $300,000 100 tubes 82mm Mortars $300,000 50 tubes SAMs $500,000 50 launchers Artillery Shells / IED $100,000 100 155mm rounds
CDIReplaces Expensive, Dangerous & Intrusive Tactics • Body Searches • House Searches • VCPs / Vehicle Searches • Arms Raids • Surveillance of Arms markets CDI’s Peaceful Buyout is Better Suited to Community Disarmament Than Combat Operations
CDI Immediate Benefits to CPA
CDI Benefits Bullets • Immediate Reduction in Attacks • Economically Efficient • Publicly Acceptable • Media Friendly
CDI • Immediate Results! • Will Draw down FRL stocks • FRL Attacks will be seen as a waste of cash • Economically Efficient • Cheaper than CF Losses • Close to market prices for New IA/ICDC weapons • Controlled by Budgeting • Media Friendly • Easy to Comprehend • Video Friendly Images of success sales
CDI • Publicly Acceptable • May be the Only Acceptable Form of Interaction w/ CPA/CF • Enhances Family Health & Welfare • Reduces Crime & Random gunfire • Format ($$) Easily Understandable by All • Forces people to choose between REAL money & supporting FRLs • Straight Quid Pro Quo • No Rewards Needed • Completely Transparent • Something for Something
CDI StrengthsWeakness Publicly Acceptable Past Program Distrust Real Results Will Await Proof Impacts the Enemy OpportunityThreats Real impact on Community FRLs may attack if successful Shows Commitment to stop attacks Arms from Syria/Iran Decrease Combat Applications Recycling of Govt. Arms
Community De-Weaponsization Initiative Considering the Alternative … There is Very Little Risk