6 th September 2006. Ballaugh Curraghs Area of Special Scientific Interest declared as a Ramsar Site. What is Ramsar?. A town in Iran, on the coast of the Caspian Sea
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Contracting Parties (member countries) commit themselves to:
Designate at least one wetland that meets the criteria for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance ("Ramsar List") and ensure the maintenance of the ecological character of each of these "Ramsar Sites".
Promote the wise use of all wetlands within their territory through their national land-use planning, including wetland conservation and management;
Promote training in wetland research, management and wise use;
Consult with other Parties about the implementation of the Convention, especially with regard to transfrontier wetlands, shared water systems, shared species, and development projects that may affect wetlands.
Ramsar protects wetland sites but uses a very broad definition of such habitats including swamps and marshes, lakes and rivers, wet grasslands and peatlands, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, near-shore marine areas, mangroves and coral reefs, and human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs, and salt pans.
The flora of the haymeadows is outstanding from late May to early July when tens of thousands of orchids, including heath spotted, early marsh, common-spotted, northern marsh and common twayblade, are in bloom.
Yellow bartsia, yellow rattle, lousewort, purple loosestrife and cuckoo flower are among the other grassland species present.
In the peat areas, bog myrtle and purple moor grass are dominant. Other plants of the wetter areas include bogbean, marsh cinquefoil, devil's bit scabious and cottongrass.
The magnificent bushy royal fern, largest of British ferns, turns a beautiful orange colour in the autumn.