Passenger Service and Safety Nebraska Safety Center University of Nebraska – Kearney
Disabled • According to the ADA, disability is defined with respect to an individual as: • “A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; a record of such impairment; or being regarded as having such impairment.”
Universal Precautions Treat all blood and body fluids as potentially infectious for HIV, HBV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and other pathogens Each vehicle should be equipped with a biohazard kit
Hepatitis A (HAV) Hepatitis A is a virus spread by infected feces that contaminate food or drinking water and infects approximately 35,000 people in the United States each year.
Hepatitis B (HBV) Hepatitis B is a virus that causes serious liver disease, and is sometimes fatal. • HBV is transmitted by contact with blood or body fluids of an infected person. HBV can be found in: • Saliva • Semen • Urine • And feces of infected persons At this time there is no cure for HBV. However, there is a vaccine that can prevent infection.
Hepatitis C (HCV) Like HBV, HCV is a viral infection of the liver. It causes inflammation of the liver and is the leading reason for liver transplants in the United States. • Hepatitis C is spread by: • Unprotected sexual contact • Injection drug use • Exposure to infected blood It is NOT spread to another person through casual contact. It is a blood – to – blood transmission
Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV Develops into AIDS AIDS attacks the immune system Transmitted by blood Currently no cure