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North vs. South
True or False:
Slavery was the only cause of the Civil War.
The United States was divided into what three sections before and during the Civil War?
The United States was divided into:
North, South, and border states
The North had an ___________ economy, meaning they had many (farms or factories?).
The North had an INDUSTRIAL economy, meaning they had many FACTORIES.
The South had an ___________ economy, meaning they had many (farms or factories?).
The South had an AGRICULTUAL economy, meaning they had many FARMS.
This event led to the South seceding (leaving) the Union.
Abraham Lincoln’s election as President led seven states to secede from the Union.
South Carolina was the first state to secede. Georgia was the 5th state to secede from the Union (January 19, 1861).
What were the three parts of the Union’s Anaconda Plan?
This is the battle where the Confederacy was cut in two.
The Confederacy was cut in two at the Battle of Vicksburg because the Union took control of the Mississippi River, dividing the Confederacy.
Why is the Battle of Gettysburg considered one of the turning points of the Civil War?
The Battle of Gettysburg was considered a turning point because the Union was able to push the Confederate forced back into Virginia. Gettysburg was the farthest north the Confederacy had gone, so this was an important victory for the Union. The battle lasted only three days.
What effect did new military technology have on the Civil War?
What war strategy was used by the Union that involves destroying the people’s will to fight?
TOTAL WAR was the strategy used by the Union that destroyed the people’s will to fight. Sherman and his armies destroyed and burned much of Atlanta in an attempt to destroy the will of the Confederacy.
This is the president of the Union and the man who gave the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address.
Abraham Lincoln gave both the Gettysburg Address and the Emancipation Proclamation. He was also the President of the Union.
True or False
The first few battles of the war were well-organized and efficient because of well-trained soldiers.
Most of the early battles of the war were confusing because the troops were new to war. Many men were drafted into war, and there were many newly enlisted (young) soldiers. As a result, many of the battles were confusing!
How did women in both the North and South help with the war effort?
During the war, women served as nurses for wounded soldiers. Some women served as spies (and a few dressed as men to fight in the war). At home, many women ran businesses while the men were away at war.
Who was elected President of the Confederacy?
Jefferson Davis was elected President of the Confederacy on February 18, 1861. He was President of the Confederacy throughout the Civil War- from 1861 to 1865.
What Union general led his troops through Georgia on his March to the Sea?
William T. Sherman led his troops through Georgia, burning most of the state during his March to the Sea.
True or False
Lincoln was able to see his Reconstruction plans in action.
Sadly, Lincoln was assassinated before he could see his Reconstruction plans carried through.
Lincoln was shot April 14, 1865 and died on April 15, 1865.
What did Congress think about Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction plan?
Congress thought that Johnson was going too easy on the South, so they developed their own plan of reconstruction.
What did the Fourteenth Amendment do?
The Fourteenth Amendment gave citizenship to everyone born in this country, including former slaves!
What did the Fifteenth Amendment do?
The Fifteenth Amendment gave all MEN the right to vote.
Sadly, women would not be allowed to vote for many more years.
What was the result of the Thirteenth Amendment?
The Thirteenth Amendment, which was passed on December 18, 1865, ended slavery.
True or False:
The Union allowed African Americans to fight in the war.
The 54th regiment was one of the first official black units in the United States armed forces.
How were the fighting conditions different for the Southern soldiers than for the Northern soldiers?
As a result of the Union blockade, Southern troops had fewer supplies than Northern troops. This led to many soldiers fighting in bare feet and without proper clothing.
Both sides, however, faced awful conditions. Many were drafted into war, forced to eat mediocre food, and watched many friends die.
This was the name given to people who wanted to get rid of slavery.
ABOLITIONISTS were people who were opposed to (or against) slavery and wanted to get rid of it.
Why did Confederate soldiers believe
they would win the war?
What was one advantage the South had over the North?
What did Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation do?
The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in the Confederate states controlled by the Union.