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Quiz Preparation

Quiz Preparation

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Quiz Preparation

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  1. Quiz Preparation • Have Quiz sheet ready. • Top Center:QUIZ 2 • Upper Right: • Name (L, F, MI), • Today’s date 8/28/12 • Lab day , time • section number

  2. Announcements • Each team must purchase the following before Lab 5: • 2 Lego Power Functions 8883 M-Motors • Approx. $10 each • Waiting to hear about availability from the Scientific Supply Store on campus.

  3. Quiz • 1. What does your team need for Lab 5 (select only one answer) ? • a. Two LEGO motors • b. Keypad code • c. bucket of LEGOs • 2. Motors are provided for you at no cost (True or False).

  4. Design Project

  5. Competition • Each team designs and builds a car • Specifications in syllabus • Work on car done outside of class • Team must build the car with their own supplies • No supplies are provided • Lectures/Labs 1-7 provide background material for the design project • Start early on the design project! • COMPETITION –Thursday, 11/8, at 7 PM in BR 125.

  6. Optional Gates (+5 sec. penalty if missed) Push block across finish line or incur a +30 sec. penalty START/FINISH BLOCK Required Gates

  7. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  8. Quiz • 3. In this class, our design process stops after • a. Prototyping (making one) • b. Production (making many)

  9. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  10. Engineering Design Process • Example: Zero-Emission Vehicle • Identify customer needs. • “I want a vehicle that is affordable.” • “I want a vehicle I can use to drive to and from work every day.” • “I want a vehicle that does not pollute the environment.” • “I want a vehicle that is safe to operate.

  11. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  12. Engr. Design Process (cont’d) • Establish product specification. • Performance should be comparable to a conventional automobile. • Initial purchase cost should be $30,000. • Consumables must be recyclable or not release toxins to the environment upon disposal or an accident

  13. Quiz • 4. Which one establishes a contract between the customer and the supplier? • a. Customer needs • b. Specifications

  14. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  15. Brainstorming • The brain uses two basic modes in the design process: • creative mode • critical mode • These two modes work against each other. • Some people are better at one mode than the other • Brainstorming separates the two processes into different time frames. • It is important not to think critically during brainstorming.

  16. Engr. Design Process (cont’d) • Define alternative strategies • Lithium-ion battery • Lead-acid battery • Compressed Air • Etc.

  17. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  18. Select the most suitable concept. Cost Design cost Material cost Assembly cost Weight Appearance Performance Safety Environmental risks Reliability Ease of use Engr. Design Process (cont’d)

  19. Tradeoffs in Engineering Design Examples: • Cost vs. performance • Safety vs. performance • Performance vs. reliability

  20. Selecting the Most Suitable Concept • Typically, you have • Several design alternatives • Multiple, often conflicting, criteria • How do you sort all this out?

  21. Pugh Chart BEST

  22. Design Reports • A Pugh chart will be REQUIRED for each design decision in your preliminary and final design reports.

  23. Pugh Chart Advantages • Gives structure to the decision-making process • Documents the decision-making process

  24. Alternative Methods • Positives and Negatives (Pros vs Cons) • Analytical Hierarchy Process • House of Quality Method

  25. House of Quality

  26. Quiz • 5. Brainstorming is the process of critiquing various alternatives to select the best one. Write TRUE or FALSE

  27. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  28. Engr. Design Process (cont’d) • Design the subsystems and integrate them • Break a complex system into small subsystems Zero-Emission Car Body Motor/ Trans. Power Mgmt Electrical

  29. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  30. Engr. Design Process (cont’d) • Build and test a prototype • Build and test each subsystem • Integrate and test the subsystems Zero-Emission Car Body Motor/ Trans. Power Mgmt Electrical

  31. Identify Customer Needs Establish Product Specification Define Alternative Concepts Select the Most Suitable Concept Design/Integrate Subsystems Build/Test Prototype Design/Build Production Produce Track Engineering Design Process

  32. Design for Lego Car • Specification is given. • Define alternative concepts. • Select the most suitable concept. • Bottom line is finishing time. • “Cost” is figured in by penalizing use of parts. • Car should be sturdy enough not to fly apart during race. • Car and course must pass minimal safety specs.

  33. Design Subsystems • Car path & steering strategy • Power supplied to vehicle • Torque vs speed • Vehicle mass, wheels, etc.

  34. Lego Car Subsystems • Output voltage • Higher output voltage increases speed • Penalties apply above 10V • Power supply (batteries) • One 9V battery (light, but less than 10V) • Two 9V batteries (≥10V, but heavy) • Watch batteries (very light, but drain quickly) • Wheel size and gears • Torque vs. speed tradeoff • Drive strategy • Front wheel vs. rear wheel drive • Course path • Passing through all gates vs. missing gates • Pushing block vs. not pushing block • Body • Light vs. heavy

  35. Further Design Steps • Build and test, then modify!!! • Production design, distribution, and tracking are not relevant to a single-shot prototype design.