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  1. G:2 Preparation: Ali Mohammad AL Subaie Ghannam Abdullah AL Moudi Supervision Abdul Aziz al-Sanusi

  2. Compound Sentences ~ A Glance at Grammar

  3. What? • An independent clause is a clause which can stand alone (like a parent). It is a group of words which contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. • An independent clause is a sentence.

  4. Definition • A Compound Sentence is a sentence which joins two independent clauses together with a coordinating conjunction or semicolon.

  5. Formula • Compound Sentence = Independent Clause + Independent Clause

  6. Fixing Choppy Sentences • Ex) The grumpy cat was hungry. • Ex) I fixed him a bowl of yummy food. • Compound= The grumpy cat was hungry, so I fixed him a bowl of yummy food.

  7. Combining Clauses • There are two ways to combine independent causes to make a compound sentence: • Comma + Coordinating Conjunction • Semicolon

  8. Comma + Coordinating Conjunction • A coordinating conjunction is also known as a F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.

  9. For • And • Nor • But • Or • Yet • So

  10. Comma + CC/FANBOYS • Ex) The teens walked to the park, but it was closed. • Ex) The gentleman did not know where the sound came from, so he hid behind the tree.

  11. Combining Clauses • There are two ways to combine independent causes to make a compound sentence: • Comma + Coordinating Conjunction • Semicolon

  12. Semicolon • You can also use a semicolon to create a compound sentence since the two statements are equal. • Ex) The teacher applauded the class; the kids beamed with pride. • Ex) The dog ate; the cat slept.

  13. Now, it is your turn!

  14. Warm-Up • Directions- Draw a line between the subject and predicate. Label the subject/s and verb/s. Write S is the sentence is simple and CD is the sentence is compound (two independent clauses joined with a comma and FANBOYS or semicolon) If compound, mark why. • The rain fell for hours and ruined the picnic. • I left, but Marcy stayed. • Polar bears feed on seals; seals feed on fish.

  15. Warm-Up • Directions- Copy the sentence. Mark as simple or compound. If compound, mark why. • Female penguins usually stay at sea, but they return when their eggs hatch. • Penguins like to eat and swim during morning hours. • The pouch under a pelican’s bill is huge, holding up to 25 pounds of fish.

  16. Warm-Up • Directions- Copy the sentence. Mark as simple or compound. If compound, mark why. • Kiwi birds have nostrils on their beaks which helps them smell earthworms. • Sharks have to keep moving constantly, or they suffocate. • Most rabbits drown in water, but the marsh rabbit can swim.

  17. Warm-Up • Directions- Copy the sentence. Mark as simple or compound. If compound, mark why. • The gulls circle the fishing boat; they are hoping for a quick meal. • At the Bay View nursing home, Mr. Tompkins waits for his children to visit. • Tyrell can play several instruments, but the trombone is his favorite.

  18. Warm-Up • Directions- Create a compound sentence by joining the two independent clauses using a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon. • I’m driving to the office in an hour. I’ll pick up the supplies on the way. • Up went the lottery jackpot. Down went our hopes of winning. • We surveyed the dirty cabin. We each shrugged silently.

  19. Compound Sentences • 1. What is a compound sentence? • 2. How are compound sentences formed?

  20. Combine related sentences to make a compound sentence. • Eleven year old Frank Epperson invented the frozen fruit pop in 1905. He did not mean to do it. • Epperson was enjoying a fruit drink. He left it out overnight with the stirrer still in it.

  21. Combine related sentences to make a compound sentence. • The fruit drink froze. It certainly made a delicious new treat. • Young Frank patented his “frozen ice on a stick” in 1932. He originally called his invention the Epsicle.

  22. Answer • What is a compound sentence? • How is a compound sentence formed? • What is the difference between a compound sentence and a simple sentence with a compound part.

  23. Answer • What are the coordinating conjunctions used to make a compound sentence? FANBOYS • What is the difference between a compound sentence and a simple sentence with a compound part.

  24. The End