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  1. Communication Technology Timeline By Ivan Chau TGJ3M1 Mr. Negru

  2. Communication Technologies60s and 70s

  3. Magazine 1663 First publication of ErbaulicheMonaths-Unterredungen (Uplifting Conversations Monthly) in Germany started by Johann Rist, a theologian and poet of Hamburg. It believed to be the world's first magazine. Social Impact: This is A monthly magazine, which means that Germans can understand the main events happening in the society and it motivate people to involve in the society Related Invention: Writing

  4. Newspaper 1704 Weekly Boston News-Letter becomes the first newspaper to survive in America. John Campbell, a bookseller and postmaster of Boston, was its first editor, printing the newspaper on what was then referred to as a half-sheet. It originally appeared on a single page, printed on both sides and issued weekly. Economic Impact: This is A monthly magazine, which means that Germans can understand the main events happening in the society and it motivate people to involve in the society Related Invention: Writing

  5. Printing 1710 German-born painter and engraver who was the first to make use of several metal plates (each for an individual colour) for making prints with continuous gradations of colour. His colour theory formed the foundation for modern colour printing Cultural and Social Impact: It is a great impact on culture and because colour can be a symbol of many things. Therefore, colour printing is a great step in expressing emotion or feelings. All the communication technologies are in colour and this is also the first starting point of colour image. Related Invention: Printing

  6. Lithography 1798 Lithography is invented by AloisSenefelder. Lithography is a method for printing using a stone (Lithographic Limestone) or a metal plate with a completely smooth surface. Lithography uses oil or fat and gum arabic to divide the smooth surface into hydrophobic regions which accept the ink, and hydrophilic regions which reject it and thus become the background. Environmental Impact: Lithography is using a metal plate unlike the older printing that used wood block to print. Metal plate printing can be more precise and metal plate is also more durable than wood block printing. Related Invention: Printing

  7. Communication Technologies 80s

  8. Flat-bed Cylinder printing1819 Flat-bed cylinder printing press employing a flat surface for the type or plates against which paper is pressed, either by another flat surface acting reciprocally against it or by a cylinder rolling over it. It may be contrasted to the rotary press, which has a cylindrical printing surface. The first cylinder flatbed press was built by Friedrich Koenig of Germany and used by The Times of London in 1814. Economic Impact: A cylinder printing is more efficient in terms of the printing speed because it is printing on a long roll of paper or substance and the cylinder will rotate continuously on the paper. It will significantly increase the rate of printing. Related Invention: Printing

  9. Photographic Image1827 In 1827 French inventor Joseph NicéphoreNiépce was the first to obtain a true fixed photographic image. This first exposure took eight hours! Photography was born, but it was a long way from everyday use. He took the first photograph by coating a pewter plate with bitumen and exposing the plate to light in 1814. The bitumen hardened where light struck. The unhardened areas were then dissolved away. Social and Economic Impact: Photograph is a tool for the future reference about history because photograph can help saving the memories in the past. Photograph has also changed to many different technology or entertainment in the century such as the cartoons or movies. Related Invention: Camera

  10. Galvanometer 1829 LeopoldiNobili invents the galvanometer. Galvanometer is the historical name given to a moving coil electric current detector. When a current is passed through a coil in a magnetic field, the coil experiences a torque proportional to the current. If the coil's movement is opposed by a coil spring, then the amount of deflection of a needle attached to the coil may be proportional to the current passing through the coil. Social Impact: Galvanometer is a new instrument to measure electric current. Workers can work more efficient without spending time on measuring electric current. Galvanometer is still a very useful tool right now to measure batteries. Related Invention: Sound Recording

  11. Phenakistiscope1832 Joseph-Antoine Plateau invents the Phenakistiscope, using a slotted disc to create an appearance of continuous motion when spun in front of a series of still images. The phenakistoscope consisted of two discs mounted on the same axis.  The first disc had slots around the edge, and the second contained drawings of successive action, drawn around the disc in concentric circles. Social Impact: This is the first time that people can see the movement of an image and this is also the base of the advance cartoon in nowadays. It is also a new entertainment for human. Related Invention: Video Games

  12. Picture telegraphy system1850 Picture telegraphy system is demonstrated by Frederick C Bakewell in which images are transmitted by making and breaking an electrical current such that the image is recorded by a metallic point depositing shellac ink to discolour chemically-coated paper wrapped around a metal cylinder, tracking spirally. Social Impact: Picture can be send by telegraph instead of mailing. Telegraph is a much more efficient source to transfer information from a place to another. Picture telegraph was innovated to become the television in everyone’s house which it receive picture with audio too. Related Invention: Television

  13. Submarine cable1851 First successful submarine cable is laid between Dover and Calais by Thomas Crampton’s Submarine Cable Company, creating a continuous telegraph link between London and Paris. The four copper wires, sheathed in guttapercha and a protective iron rope, lasts 37 years. Political and Social Impact: The relation between England and France and greatly improvement because the submarine cable let the two countries to communication to each other. Submarine cables are very important because they transfer all the signals from one place to another place like telephone signal and internet. Related Invention: Telephone and Internet

  14. Sound Recording1857 The first device that could record sound mechanically (but could not play it back) was the phonautograph, developed in 1857 by Parisian inventor Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville. The earliest known recordings of the human voice were phonautograms also made in 1857 Cultural and Economic Impact: Music can be recorded when sound recording invented. People can listen to their favourite music without going to live performance. Music also can be selling after recorded. Related Invention: Sound Recording

  15. Colour Photograph1861 The first colour photograph was made by Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, with the help of English inventor and photographer Thomas Sutton, in 1861. He had the photographer Thomas Sutton photograph a tartan ribbon three times, each time with a different color filter over the lens. The three images were developed and then projected onto a screen with three different projectors, each equipped with the same color filter used to take its image. When brought into focus, the three images formed a full color image. Social Impact: Show the contrast of the photograph and show the actually image or circumstance. Colour is also used for everything in the twenty-first century. Related Invention: Camera

  16. Telephone 1876 Alexander Graham Bell's notebook entry of 10 March 1876 describes his successful experiment with the telephone. First practical use of a voice telephone system at 5 Exeter Place, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Bell says to his assistant: 'Mr Watson, come here. I want you.' Social and Economic Impact: Communication between people in the society will be more clearly, straight forward and efficient. The highly used technology mobile is also innovated from the telephone. Related Invention: Telephone

  17. Microphone 1876 In 1876, Emily Berliner was the person to invent the first microphone which was used as a voice transmitter, known as a telephone today. She did not invent the telephone, but improved it with the microphone. A microphone is a device for converting acoustic power into electric power that has essentially similar wave characteristics. Microphones convert sound waves into electrical voltages that are eventually converted back into sound waves thru speakers. Social Impact: It is a great instrument for any politics or social affair because it project speaker’s voice which let all the audience can listen clearly. Microphones also used in telephones which transfer the signal to the other side. Related Invention: Sound Recording

  18. Loud Speaker 1876 A loudspeaker is an electroacoustictransducer that converts an electricalsignal into sound. The speaker pulses in accordance with the variations of an electrical signal and causes sound waves to propagate through a medium such as air or water.Alexander Graham Bell patented his first electric loudspeaker as part of his telephone in 1876 which capable of reproducing intelligible speech Social and Economic Impact: Loudspeaker is also an instrument that corporate with microphones to project the sound or signal. Speakers are built in many different technologies such as cell phones, computer and television. Related Invention: Sound recording and Playback

  19. International telephone call1857 First international telephone call is made between Calais, Maine in the USA and St Stephen, New Brunswick in Canada. Social and Cultural Impact: It improves the relation between Canada and USA. International telephone call is what the long distance call right now. Countries at the opposite side can still communicate to each other which may develop the relation between countries. Related Invention: Telephone

  20. Photographic Film 1885 Photographic film is a photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies Early photography in the form of daguerreotypes did not use film at all. Eastman Kodak developed the first flexible photographic film in 1885. This original "film" was coated on paper. The first transparent plastic film was produced in 1889. Environmental and Economic Impact: It will negative impact on the environment because photographic film uses many chemicals that may cause damage on the environment and the society. However, photographic film is which will create the printed photos. Related Invention: Movie

  21. Radio 1895 Guglielmo Marconi, an Italian inventor, proved the feasibility of radio communication. He sent and received his first radio signal in Italy in 1895. By 1899 he flashed the first wireless signal across the English Channel and two years later received the letter "S", telegraphed from England to Newfoundland. This was the first successful transatlantic radiotelegraph message in 1902. Social and Cultural Impact: Using radiotelegraph to transfer message or information in the society is more efficient. Radio in nowadays is also transfer by radiotelegraph. Radio shows already became an entertainment for people when they have free time or when they driving. Related Invention: Radio

  22. X-Ray 1895 X-rays are discovered by Wilhelm Röntgen.He wrote an initial report "On a new kind of ray: A preliminary communication" and on December 28, 1895 submitted it to the Würzburg's Physical-Medical Society journal. This was the first paper written on X-rays. Röntgen referred to the radiation as "X", to indicate that it was an unknown type of radiation. Cultural Impact: A new step of communication technology for doctor or medical officers to communication with the patients about their problems or diseases. Disease can be found out through x-ray and then it can be cure. Related Invention: Camera

  23. Communication Technologies 90s

  24. Metal Detector 1904 The first to use radio waves to detect "the presence of distant metallic objects" was Christian Hülsmeyer, who in 1904 demonstrated the feasibility of detecting the presence of a ship in dense fog, but not its distance. He received Reichspatent Nr. 165546 for his pre-radar device in April 1904 Social and Economic Impact: A development on the communication technology which is use in the society nowadays to avoid crimes. Metal detectors are use in many ways, for instance, US army use it to search for weapon. It is also commonly use at the airport. Related Invention: Radio

  25. Wireless Telegraph 1904 Weather reports relayed by wireless telegraphy are first published in London. Social and Economic Impact: The society will be informing the weather more accurately and people can decide appropriately according to the weather. Weather reports are also very important for farmers because they have to plan their farming according to the weather. Related Invention: Television

  26. Radio Transmission 1915 In 1915, speech was first transmitted across the continent from New York City to San Francisco and across the Atlantic Ocean from Naval radio station NAA at Arlington, Virginia, to the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Social Impact: People can understand more about other countries and what happening in the world. Related Invention: Radio

  27. Broadcasting 1927 BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) broadcasts the first live commentary on a football match: the 1-1 First Division draw of Arsenal v Sheffield United. Economic Impact: The live broadcast can have an economic impact on the society because people now can watch football game on TV instead of paying money to enter the stadium. Related Invention: Television

  28. Colour Transmission1928 John Logie Baird demonstrated the world's first color transmission on July 3, 1928, using scanning discs at the transmitting and receiving ends with three spirals of apertures, each spiral with filters of a different primary color. Social Impact: Colour is an element that can make people more joyful and delightful rather than just watch black and white transmission which is very dull. Related Invention: Television

  29. Motion Picture Film1928 John Logie Baird also first demonstrated to news media on 1 September 1928, televising a motion picture film. Social Impact: It is an improvement of the Phenakistiscope in 1800s. It also became a new entertainment for people. People can also save money because they don’t have to purchase Phenakistiscope but rather watch it in TV. Related Invention: Movie

  30. Magnetic Tape 1928 Magnetic tape was first invented for recording sound by Fritz Pfleumer in 1928 in Germany, based on the invention of magnetic wire recording by ValdemarPoulsen in 1898. Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording generally consisting of a thin magnetizable coating on a long and narrow strip of plastic. Social and Economic Impact: Magnetic tape is a useful tool which can store data in it. This Magnetic tape will help out the economy because people will start to purchase in large amount for storing useful data. Government will be a consumer that needs to store many information. Related Invention: Sound Recording and Playback

  31. Walkie-Talkie1940 The first radio receiver/transmitter to be widely nick-named "Walkie-Talkie" was the backpacked Motorola SCR-300, created by an engineering team in 1940 at the Galvin Manufacturing Company (fore-runner of Motorola). A walkie-talkie is a hand-held, portable, two-way radio transceiver. Its development during the Second World War has been variously credited to Canadian Donald L. Hings, radio engineer Alfred J. Gross, and engineering teams at Motorola. Social Impact: This is a technology that communicates in short distance which can let any function in the society run more smoothly and effectively because of the great communication between the staff. Related Invention: Cell Phone

  32. Advertisement 1941 In the U.S., the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) allowed stations to broadcast advertisements beginning 1941, but required public service programming commitments as a requirement for a license. Economic Impact: The advertisement fee is fairly high in all times. Which means the advertising company and television company will have a better financial state and this will improve the economy of the society too. Related Invention: Television

  33. Computer 1941 KonradZuse'sZ3 was the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computing machine; whose attributes, with the addition of conditional branching, have often been the ones used as criteria in defining a computer. The machine was completed in 1941. On 12 May 1941, it was successfully presented to an audience of scientists in Berlin. Economic and Social Impact: Computer is a programmed system which will make the work of human much more efficient and effective. Computer is an essential technology in every house because many work is require to process with computer. Related Invention: Computer

  34. Pager 1949 In 1921, the first pager-like system was in use by the Detroit Police Department. However, it was not until 1949 that the very first telephone pager was patented. The inventor's name was Al Gross and his pagers were first used in New York City's Jewish Hospital. Economic Impact: Pagers is a very popular messaging device before mobile phone. Over millions of pagers are used in the world which is a very huge market at the time. Related Invention: Cell Phone

  35. Printer 1953 In 1953, the first high-speed printer was developed by Remington-Rand for use on the Univac computer. In computing, a printer is a peripheral which produces a hard copy (permanent readable text and/or graphics) of documents stored in electronic form, usually on physical print media such as paper or transparencies. Economic Impact: Printing is an industrial work which can help out in the economy because the mass of printing is needed throughout the whole society. Printer is automatic not like the old printing method that use man power. Related Invention: Computer

  36. Mobile Phone 1956 The first fully automatic mobile phone system, called MTA (Mobile Telephone system A), was developed by Ericsson and commercially released in Sweden in 1956. This was the first system that did not require any kind of manual control in base stations, but had the disadvantage of a phone weight of 40 kg. Social and Economic Impact: A mobile phone is an essential in the society right now. The usage of mobile phone in the world is a huge number. The money that is spending on mobile phone is also a massive amount. Related Invention: Cell Phone

  37. Scanner 1957 The first image scanner ever developed was built in 1957, at the US National Bureau of Standards, by a team led by Russel Kirsch, and it was a drum scanner. The first image ever scanned on this machine was a 5 cm square photograph of Kirsch's then-three-month-old son, Walden. The black and white image had a resolution of 176 pixels. Environmental and Economic Impact: Computer is developing and scanner is also developing with computer. Scanner is a tool that can save spaces by put the hard copy into the computer. Related Invention: Computer

  38. Satellite 1960 The first satellite navigation system, Transit, used by the United States Navy, was first successfully tested in 1960. It used a constellation of five satellites and could provide a navigational fix approximately once per hour. Social Impact: It is a perfect tool for military use. However, it is also practical for family use. Navigation system is a global system which will definitely help the economy of many countries. People can also navigate to less familiar place without losing direction. Related Invention: Satellites

  39. Magnetic Resonance Imaging1973 Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a relatively new technology. The first MR image was published in 1973 and the first cross-sectional image of a living mouse was published in January 1974. The first studies performed on humans were published in 1977 Social Impact: a new improvement on communication between doctor and patient. MRI is an pretty expensive operation and the money can really help the financial problem of some hospitals. MRI not only can be use for medical but it can also use it for historical research. Related Invention: Camera

  40. Laptop 1975 The IBM 5100, the first commercially available portable computer, appeared in September 1975, and was based on the SCAMP prototype. A laptop is personal computer designed for mobile use and small and light enough to sit on one's lap while in use. A laptop integrates most of the typical components of a desktop computer Social and Economic Impact: Laptop is used in some companies in 1975. It is portable which means workers can finish their work even after their working hours and that will make the process more efficient. Related Invention: Computer

  41. Compact Disc (CD) 1979 Philips publicly demonstrated a prototype of an optical digital audio disc at a press conference called "Philips Introduce Compact Disc" in Eindhoven, The Netherlands on March 8, 1979. A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an optical disc used to store digital data. Environmental Impact: CD is compact to a flat surface and it can free up more space instead of the magnetic tape which use many spaces. CD is more environmental friendly because it use less chemical and it is also less costly than magnetic tape. Related Invention: Sound Recording and Playback

  42. CD Player 1982 Sony released the world's first CD Player called the CDP-101 in October 1982. This was the first of its kind CD player, which had a slide-out tray design for the CD. The introduction of the CD player into the worldwide market helped to replace audio tape as the preferred recording medium, which would eventually lead consumers into the digital age and the advent of MP3s and MP3 players in the early twenty-first century. Environmental and Social Impact: Although CD is invented, however, we definitely need a CD player in order to listen to the CD. CD player will replace the tape player that is commonly use before the CD player is invented. Related Invention: Sound Recording and Playback

  43. LCD Television 1988 In 1988, Sharp Corporation introduced the first commercial LCD television, a 14" model. LCD televisions are thinner and lighter than CRTs of similar display size, and are available in much larger sizes as well. The LCDs had very slow refresh rates that blurred the screen even with scrolling text, but their light weight and low cost were major benefits. Economic and Environmental Impact: LCD is much thinner CRT and it save many spaces. LCD is low cost and there will be a great demand for it which cause jobs opportunities and it will help out the economy. LCD television can also able to project High-definition picture. Related Invention: Television

  44. Digital Camera 1990 The first commercially available digital camera was the 1990 Dycam Model 1; it also sold as the Logitech Fotoman. It used a CCD image sensor, stored pictures digitally, it could attach to a PC or Macintosh and produce black and white photos at 320 by 240 resolution. This was the contribution of JefRaskin Environmental Social Impact: Memory card in the digital camera is more efficient and environmental friendly because it won’t create any trash not like the photographic films. Digital camera is also more efficient because the photos can transfer to the computer directly rather than going to a shop and pay money for printing the photos out. Related Invention: Camera

  45. Webcamera 1991 Started in 1991, the first webcam, called the CoffeeCam, was pointed at the Trojan room coffee pot in the computer science department of Cambridge University.A webcam is a video capture device connected to a computer or computer network, often using a USB port or, if connected to a network, ethernet or Wi-Fi. Social Impact: There are few programs that are available for video call. Webcam provide people to have a video call service instantly. Webcam is also able to communication with people even not at the same country through internet. This will create another source for people to communication. It also creates a source for people to earn money. Related Invention: Camera

  46. Smartphone 1992 The first Smartphone was called Simon; it was designed by IBM in 1992 and shown as a concept product that year at COMDEX, the computer industry trade show held in Las Vegas, Nevada. It was released to the public in 1993 and sold by BellSouth. It combined the features of a mobile phone, a pager, a PDA, and a fax machine. After some delays it was sold by BellSouth in 1994 in 190 U.S. cities in 15 states and was originally priced at $899 Social Impact: Smartphone is a combined feature phone. Many students might own a Smartphone which will drag the attention from the students and they won’t be focus on their education. Related Invention: Cell Phone

  47. Satellite Transmission 1992 ESPN (Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) International began in the early 1990s to take advantage of the growing satellite markets in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Sports service ESPN is licensed in Singapore for South Asia satellite transmissions, broadcasting round the clock in English, Hindi and Mandarin Cultural and Economic Impact: When ESPN licensed in Singapore, the culture in Singapore will be affect by the shows because they are watch American channel and the culture is different. ESPN can also earn money internationally through the satellite market. Related Invention: Satellite and Television

  48. Google 1996 Google began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, a Ph.D. student at Stanford working on the Stanford Digital Library Project (SDLP). The SDLP's goal was “to develop the enabling technologies for a single, integrated and universal digital library." Cultural and Economic Impact: Google is the largest browser in the world right now. They earn billions and billions of dollars a year which they also have to pay many taxes to the government. Google already became a tool to search information of any kind. Related Invention: Social Networking and Internet

  49. Digital Video Recorder1998 The two early consumer DVRs, ReplayTV and TiVo, were launched at the 1998 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. Microsoft also demonstrated a unit with DVR capability but commercial availability of this software would have to wait until the end of 1999 for full DVR features in Dish Network's DISHplayer receivers. Cultural and Social Impact: DVR will change the culture of a country because people don’t have to follow the schedule anymore. Programs or shows can be record and they can review it later. People can have their freedom to choose the time to view a show a TV, they are not restricted anymore. Related Invention: Video Recording and Playback

  50. MSN Messenger 1999 Windows Live Messenger (MSN) is an instant messaging client created by Microsoft. First version of MSN Messenger Service, version 1.0 (1.0.0863), was released July 22, 1999. It included only basic features, such as plain text messaging and a simplistic contact list Cultural and Social Impact: MSN has a great impact on the society especially the school society. Students are easily addicted to messaging and ignored the school work. This has definitely affected the culture of student. However, MSN is a very popular entertainment or socializing tool. Related Invention: Social Networking