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Vocab. List 1: Prefixes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Vocab. List 1: Prefixes. #1. antecedent- going before in time Prefix: ante (before) antipathy- revulsion, any object of strong dislike Prefix: anti (against) Circumvent- to go around; to catch in a trap; to gain superiority over; to prevent from happening Prefix: circum/circ (around).

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  • antecedent- going before in time

    • Prefix: ante (before)

  • antipathy- revulsion, any object of strong dislike

    • Prefix: anti (against)

  • Circumvent- to go around; to catch in a trap; to gain superiority over; to prevent from happening

    • Prefix: circum/circ (around)

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4. consensus- agreement, especially in opinion

  • Prefix: con (with, together)

    5. controversy- a discussion of a question in which opposing views clash

  • Prefix: contr (against)

    6. decimate- to destroy or kill a large portion of something; to take or destroy a tenth part of something

  • Prefix: dec (ten)

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7. demote- to lower in grade or position

  • Prefix: de (down, away from)

    8. disinterested- not motivated by personal interest or selfish motives

  • Prefix: dis (not, opposite of)

    9. euphemism- the use of a word or phrase that is considered less distasteful or offensive than another

  • Prefix: eu (good, well)

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10. exorbitant- going beyond what is reasonable and proper

  • Prefix: ex (out of, away from)

    11. illegible- not able to be read

  • Prefix: il (not, opposite)

    12. intermittent- stopping and starting again at intervals

  • Prefix: inter (between)

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13. malevolent- having an evil disposition toward others

  • Prefix: mal (bad)

    14. precursor- a forerunner, one who or that which comes before

  • Prefix: pre (before)

    15. prognosis- a forecast; especially in medicine

  • Prefix: pro (before)

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16. retrospect- looking back on or thinking about things past

  • Prefix: retro (back, again)

    17. subordinate- (1)inferior to or placed below another in rank, power, or importance. (2) a person or thing of lesser power or importance than another. (3) to treat as inferior or less important.

  • Prefix: sub (under)

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18. synthesis- putting two or more things together to form a whole

  • Prefix: syn, sym (with or together)

    19. transcend- to go beyond the limits of; to overstep; to exceed

  • Prefix: trans (across)

    20. trivial- of little worth or importance

  • Prefix: tri (three)

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  • agrarian- having to do with agriculture or farming

    • Suffix: -ian (one who is or does)

      2. antagonist- one that contends with or opposes another

    • Suffix: -ist (one who)

      3. bigotry- unreasonable zeal in favor of a party, sect, or opinion

    • Suffix: -ry (state of)

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  • consummate- to complete, to carry to the utmost degree

    • Suffix: -ate (to make)

  • copious- abundant; plentiful; in great quantities

    • Suffix: -ious (having the quality of)

      6. cryptic- hidden; secret; having a hidden or ambiguous meaning

    • Suffix: -ic (causing)

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7. deferment- the act of putting off or delaying; postponement

  • Suffix: -ment (quality of)

    8. furtive- done in a stealthy manner; sly and underhanded

  • Suffix: -ive (having the nature of)

    9. laudable- praiseworthy

  • Suffix: -able (capable of)

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10. geology- the study of the history of the earth and its life, especially as recorded in rocks

  • Suffix: -ology(study of)

    11. minimize- to play down; to keep to a minimum

  • Suffix: -ize (to subject to an action)

    12. mutation- the act or process of changing

  • Suffix: -tion (action of, state of)

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13. obsolescence- the state of being outdated

  • Suffix: -escence (state of)

    14. parity- the state or condition of being the same in power, value or rank; equality

  • Suffix: -ity (state of being)

    15. pragmatism- faith in the practical approach

  • Suffix: -ism (state or doctrine of)

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16. provocative- something that stirs up an action

  • Suffix: -ive (having the nature of)

    17. puerile- childish, silly, immature

  • Suffix: -ile (pertaining to)

    18. rectify- to make right; to correct

  • Suffix: -ify (to make)

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19. relentless- harsh; unmoved by pity; unstoppable

  • Suffix: -less (without)

    20. venerate- to look upon with deep respect and reverence

  • Suffix: -ate (to make)

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  • agonize- to suffer intense pain, to struggle over something

    • Root: agon (struggle, contest)

      2. audible- able to be heard

    • Root: aud (hear)

      3. belligerent- warlike, hostile

    • Root: bell (war)

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4. chronic- constant, habitual

  • Root: chron (time)

    5. demographic- statistical characteristics of human population, such as age or income

  • Root: dem (people)

    6. fidelity- faithfulness

  • Root: fid (faith)

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7. fluctuate- to move up and down, constantly changing

  • Root: flux, flu (to flow)

    8. genocide- the deliberate extermination of an entire group of people

  • Root: gen (race or kind)

    9. incognito- disguised, unrecognizable

  • Root: cog, gno (to know)

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10. inducement- motive, leading to an action, incentive

  • Root: duc (lead)

    11. interrogate- to question

  • Root: rog (to ask)

    12. loquacious- talkative

  • Root: loq (speak)

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13. nominal- in name only, a small amount

  • Root: nom (name)

    14. pathos- suffering; feeling of sympathy or pity

  • Root: path (feelings)

    15. protracted- drawn out in time, prolonged

  • Root: tract (draw; pull)

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16. rejected- sent back, refused, discarded

  • Root: ject (to throw or send)

    17. sophisticated- knowledgeable; refined, experienced, and aware

  • Root: soph (wisdom)

    18. tenacious- unwilling to let go, stubborn

  • Root: ten (hold)

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19. verify- to establish as truth, confirm

  • Root: ver (truth)

    20. vivacious- lively in manner

  • Root: viv (life)

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  • agoraphobic- fear of open or public spaces

    • Root: phobe (fear)

      2. assimilate- to fit in

    • Root: simul (copy)

      3. attribute- a special quality

    • Root: trib (to give)

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4. benevolent- kind, having goodwill

  • Root: ben (good)

    5. biodegradable- able to be broken down by living things

  • Root: bio (life)

    6. conspicuous- highly visible

  • Root: spic, spec (see)

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7. contradiction- the act or state of disagreeing

  • Root: contra (against)

  • Root: dict (say)

    8. credence- belief, believability

  • Root: cred (believe)

    9. evident- obvious

  • Root: vid (see)

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10. gregarious- sociable

  • Root: greg (crowd)

    11. impediment- a barrier or hindrance

  • Root: ped, pod (foot)

  • Root: ped (child)

    12. incisive- penetrating, clear cut

  • Root: cis, cid (to cut)

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13. inference- guess or surmise

  • Root: fer (bear or carry)

    14. mediocre- of medium quality, neither good nor bad, average

  • Root: med (middle)

    15. philanthropy- giving generously to worthy causes

  • Root: phil (love)

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16. precedent- a prior ruling or experience

  • Root: ced (go)

    17. recapitulate- to review in detail

  • Root: cap (head)

    18. remittance- payment, transmittal or money

  • Root: mit, mis (to send)

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19. tangential- touching slightly, relating to

  • Root: tang, tac, tig (touch)

    20. urbane- polished, sophisticated

  • Root: urb (city)

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  • aficionado- a person who likes, knows about and is devoted to a particular activity or thing

  • avant-garde- (1)a group of people who develop innovative and experimental concepts, especially in the arts. (2) relating to a group of people who develop innovative and experimental concepts, especially in the arts.

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3. blasé- apathetic to pleasure or excitement as a result of excessive indulgence in something

4. bourgeois- having the attributes and beliefs of the middle class, marked by materialistic concerns

5. cliché- a phrase or saying which has been overused and as a result has little significance or meaning

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6. debut- a first appearance

7. élan- spirit, enthusiasm, or excitement

8. entrepreneur- a person who takes on the challenge and risk of starting his or her own business

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9. epitome- an exact example of something; someone or something that embodies the essence of a concept or type

10. fait accompli- something that is complete and seemingly irreversible

11. gauche- lacking social graces or sophistication

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12. imbroglio- a complicated or embarrassing situation due to a misunderstanding

13. ingénue- a young girl or woman, an actress playing such a role

14. laissez-faire- a doctrine opposing government control of economic matters except in a case of maintaining peace and the concept of property

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15. malaise- the vague feeling of illness

16. naïve- innocent, simple, lacking knowledge of the world

17. non sequitur- a statement that has no connection to the previous statement or idea

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18. rendezvous- a meeting place

19. vendetta- a grudge or feud characterized by acts of retaliation

20. vignette- a short descriptive written piece

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  • arbitrage- the buying of “paper”—stocks, bonds, and securities—to resell for a quick profit

  • arbitration- the process by which disputes are settled by a third party

  • beneficiary- one who will benefit from something

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4. capital- accumulated wealth, used to gain more wealth

5. collusion- a secret agreement for a deceitful or fraudulent purpose, conspiracy

6. consortium- a joining of two or more businesses for a specific purpose

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7. deduction- the subtraction of a cost from income

8. discrimination- the act of making distinctions, the act of distinguishing between one group of people and another and treating people differently as a result, prejudiced actions or treatment

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9. entitlement- special privilege or benefit allowed to a group of people

10. equity- fairness or evenness of treatment, or the value of property after all claims have been made against it

11. exempt- excused from some rule or job

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12. fiscal- pertaining to money or finance

13. franchise- a business that is owned by a parent company but run by independent operators under rules set out by the parent company

14. harassment- the act of harassing someone, annoy or irritate persistently

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15. jargon- the specialized vocabulary of an industry or interest group

16. nepotism- the employment or promotion of friends and family members

17. perquisite- a privilege or bonus given in addition to regular salary

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18. prospectus- a published report of a business and its plans for a program or offering

19. subsidy- a grant of money for a particular purpose

20. tenure- the state or period of holding a particular position, or a guarantee of employment to teachers who have met particular standards

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  • application- a software program that lets you complete a task on your computer, such as word processing, listening to music, or viewing a Web page

  • bandwidth- the amount of information that one can send through a connection, usually measured in bits per second

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3. bitmap- the representation in rows and columns of dots of an image in computer memory

4. cache- a high-speed storage mechanism that allows a computer to store frequently accessed information locally

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5. cookie- a message given to a Web browser by a Web server that is stored in the browser and sent back to the server every time the browser contacts the server for a Web page

6. cursor- a symbol, usually a blinking line that shows where the next letter will be typed on a computer screen

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7. database- information stored and organized so that a computer can quickly retrieve selected pieces of information

8. download- the process of copying a document or file from an online source to your own computer

9. encryption- the translation of information into a secret code

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10. Ethernet- a common method of enabling computers in the same Local Area Network to communicate with each other

11. firewall- a system that prevents unauthorized access to and from a private network

12. information technology (IT)- the broad subject of anything concerning processing or managing information, especially in a large company

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13. keyword- a word that specifies a particular record, file; in programming a specific command

14. motherboard- the main circuit board of a computer

15. network- a group of two or more computers linked together

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16. plug-in: a piece of hardware or software that adds a specific feature to a larger, already existing system

17. search engine- a program that searches documents, websites, and databases for a keyword and then provides a list of those documents

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18. server- a computer on a network that manages network resources

19. upload- the opposite of download; to transmit documents from your computer to an online source

20. workstation- a type of computer that has enough power to run applications used in work environments

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  • abrogate- to abolish by authoritative action

  • adjudicate- to act as a judge, to settle judicially

  • appellate- having the power to review judgment of another court

  • affidavit- a sworn statement in writing made under oath

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5. bequest- the act of bequeathing, the act of leaving someone/something in a will, something that is bequeathed

6. contraband- illegal or prohibited exporting or importing of goods

7. deposition- testimony under oath, taken down in writing

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8. exhume- to remove from a grave; to bring back from neglect or obscurity

9. extradite- to surrender an alleged criminal to the state or country in which he or she can be tried

10. intestate- one who dies without a will

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11. ipso facto- by the very fact or act, an inevitable act

12. larceny- the unlawful taking of someone else’s property with the intention of not giving it back

13. lien- a charge against real or personal property for the satisfaction of a debt or duty originally arising from the law

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14. litigious- contentious situation, prone to litigation

15. jurisprudence- a system of laws, the science of philosophy of the law

16. malfeasance- wrongdoing or misconduct especially by a public official

17. perjury- lying or intentionally omitting information under oath

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18. plagiarism- the act of passing of someone else’s work as your own

19. sanction- authoritative permission or approval that makes a course of action valid, a law or decree

20. tort- wrongdoing for which damages can be claimed; an unintentional violation of someone’s rights, which can result in civil action but not criminal proceedings

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  • anecdote- a short account of an interesting or humorous incident

  • anthropomorphism- attribution of human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena

  • archetype- an original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; an ideal example of a type

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4. aphorism- a brief statement of a truth or opinion; a saying or an adage

5. construe- to explain the meaning of; interpret; to analyze the grammatical structure of a sentence

6. deduce- to reach a conclusion of reasoning; to infer from a general principle; to trace the origin of

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7. epigram- a short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation; a concise, clever, often paradoxical statement or saying

8. etymology- the origin and historical development of a word’s forms, meanings and usages

9. infer- to conclude or reason from evidence, premises, or circumstance; to hint or imply

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10. irony- the use of words to express something different from, and often opposite to, their literal meaning; a literary style employing such contrasts for witty effect; incongruity between what might be expected and what actally occurs

11. onomatopoeia- the formation or use of words such that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions to which they refer

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12. personification- a person or thing typifying a certain quality or idea; an embodiment or exemplification; a figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions are endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form

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13. perspective- a mental view or outlook; a point of view; the ability to perceive things in their actual interrelations or comparative importance

14. protagonist- the main character in a drama or other literary work

15. prose- ordinary speech or writing, without metrical structure (as in poetry)

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16. pun- play on words

17. rhetoric- the art or study of using language effectively and persuasively

18. satire- a literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through irony and wit

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19. soliloquy- a dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener

20. trite- lacking power to evoke interest through overuse or repetition

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  • acme- the highest point, as of achievement or development

  • awry- in a position that is turned or twisted toward one side or away from the correct course; askew

  • bane- fatal injury or ruin; a cause of harm, ruin, or death; a source of persistent annoyance or exasperation

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4. cite- to quote as an authority or example

5. crux- the basic or central point or feature; a puzzling or apparently insoluble problem

6. dire- warning of, or having dreadful or terrible consequences; urgent; desperate

7. dupe- an easily deceived person

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8. eke- to supplement or get with great effort; to make last by practicing strict economy

9. elite- a group or class of persons or a member of such a group or class, enjoying superior intellectual, social, or economic status; the best or most skilled members of a group

10. gibe- to make taunting, heckling, or jeering remarks

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11. maim- to disable or disfigure; to make imperfect or defective; impair

12. mete- to distribute by or as if by measure; allot

13. moot- a hypothetical case argued as an exercise; a case no longer of actual significance

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14. oust- to eject from a position or place; force out

15. purge- to free from impurities; purify; to rid of sin, guilt, or defilement; to clear a person of a charge; to get rid of people considered undesirable

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16. roil- to make a liquid muddy or cloudy by stirring up sediment; to displease or disturb; vex

17. sham- something false or empty that is said to be genuine; one who assumes a false character; an impostor

18. staid- characterized by sedate dignity and propriety; sober, fixed; permanent

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19. veer- to turn aside from a course, direction, or purpose; swerve

20. vie- to strive for superiority; compete, rival