Today’s Objectives • Prefixes • Grammar: Parts of Speech – The Verb and the Adverb - • Sentence Building • Idiom of the Day
Prefixes • Prefixes: • “re-,”“again,”“backward” • “sub-”“below,”“under” • “trans-”“across,”“beyond”
The Prefix “re-” • “re-” a prefix, used with the meaning“again” or “again and again” to indicate repetition, or with the meaning“back” or “backward” to indicate withdrawal or backward motion.
Words That Begin With The Prefix “re-,” • Regenerate - to re-create, reconstitute, or make over; to revive or produce anew; bring into existence again. • Please add the new information, and regenerate a report.
Words That Begin With The Prefix “re-,” • Retrace: to trace backward; go back over; to go over again with the sight or attention. • I lost my keys. I will retrace my steps to find them.
The Prefix “sub” • “sub-”a prefix used with the meaning “under,”“below,”“beneath”“secondary,”“subordinate”
Words that Begin With the Prefix “sub-” • Substitute: a person or thing acting or serving in place of another. • Mrs. Jones is a substitute teacher.
Words that begin with the Prefix “sub-” • Subtitles: the text of words translated into another language and projected on the lower part of a movie screen. • I like to read the subtitles while watching a foreign film.
Words that begin with the Prefix “sub-” • Subtract: to remove (a part of a thing, quantity, etc) from the whole. • Two subtracted from four equals two.
The Prefix “trans-” • “trans-”a prefix used with the meaning across", "beyond" "on the opposite side” or “through”
Words that Begin With the Prefix “trans-” • Transact to carry on or conduct to a conclusion or settlement; to convey or remove from one place, person, etc., to another • He goes to the bank to transact business.
Words that Begin with the Prefix “trans-” • Transport: to carry, move, or convey from one place to another. • Big trucks transport food everyday across the country.
Words that Begin With the Prefix “trans-” • Translate: to turn from one language into another or from a foreign language into one's own; translate • Can you translate “love” into your language?
Part 2 – Grammar: • Parts of Speech • Verbs And • Sentence Building
Verb Functions • Verbs Show Action • Verbs Show a State of Being Helping Verbs • Verbs Show Number • Verbs Show Time
The Verb in a Sentence • When diagramming a sentence, the verb is shown in the second position. There can be more than one verb in a sentence. • Subject VERB Object Noun orPronoun NounorPronoun
Verbs Show Action • Action verbs are verbs that describe actions and things taking place. An action verb can usually be for actions that are in progress. • ACTION VERB EXAMPLES: She bought some books. They laughed.
Action Verbs • These words express action, something that a person, animal, force of nature, or thing can do. As a result, we call these words action verbs. Look at the following examples:
Action Verbs • RUN LAUGH • EAT EXPLODE • KICK HAMMER
Showing the Action Verb in a Diagram • The handsome, smart boy wrote a scary, Halloween story. • boy wrote story Action Verb
Action Verbs List • Study the Action Verbs List and use these words in your sentences to make your writing more interesting.
The “to be”Verbs • The “to be” verbs have several uses in a sentence. They can be used as: • verbs, • verbs • verbs state-of-being helping linking
State of Being Verbs • State of Being verbs are eight verbs that describe a state that is not an action: am, is, are, Be, was, were, been being
State of Being • John fifteen years old. • John old is is State of being verb years fifteen
Helping Verbs • A helping verb is not the main verb in a sentence. It helps the main verb. Some helping verbs can stand alone. Others cannot. Have, do and be are common helping verbs.
Helping Verbs • To Have • I have seenmany beautiful countries. • She has won many basketball games. • They had collected many rocks.
Helping Verbs • To Do • I do • You do • He, She, it does • We do • They do
Helping Verbs • Shall/Will • I shall • You will • He, She, it will • We shall • They will
The Helping Verb in a Diagram • The handsome smart boy has written a scary Halloween story. • boy has written story “has” is a Helping Verb
Other Helping Verbs • Would, May, Could,Might • Must, Being
Linking Verbs • Some words can function as either a helping verb or a linking verb, but a linking verb and a helping verb are not the same thing. A linking verb stands alone as the main verb and links the subject to the predicate nominative or predicate adjective.
Linking Verbs • Linking verbs do not express action but connect the subject and verb to more information. Some words can function both as a linking verb and an action verb. Linking “to be” verbs • Is, am, are, was, were, be, beingbeen.
Linking Verb • The princess is pretty. “is” functions here as a linking verb. (princess = pretty) • princess pretty is Linking Verb
Did You Notice? • Did you notice that the linking verb, “is” was also a “state-of- being verb? Many of the “to be” verbs can also be used as linking verbs.
Assignment • Select three linking verbs from the following list. Write a short sentence using each verb. Show the subject and object connection in a diagram.
Other linking verbs: • taste look smell • appear grow remain • Stay turn seem • Sound prove feel • become
State of Being Verbs Show Time • Present tense: am, are, is. • Past tense verbs: was and were. • Future tense: will and shall
Verbs Show Time • Verbs show time and these times are called “tenses.” There are six main Verb Tenses: • PresentPastFuture • Present Perfect Past Perfect • Future Perfect
How Do Verbs Show Time? • For things happening now, we use the present tense of a verb; for something that has already happened, we use the past tense; and for something that will happen later, we use the future tense.
Verbs Show Time • I happy. • I happy. • I happy. Today am Yesterday was Tomorrow will be
Commonly Used Tenses • Present • Past • Future • Present Perfect • Past Perfect • Future Perfect • I look • You looked • He will look • She has looked • I had looked • I will have looked
Adding “d” or “ed” • To make some verbs show past tense we add “d” or “ed to the end of the word. These are called “Regular Verbs” • tasted looked • appeared remained • seemed smelled turned
Irregular Verbs • Verbs that change their spellings to show tense (or time)are called irregular verbs. • We will use the verb “to go.” The word “go” changes its spelling from “go,” to “went,” to “gone.”
Irregular Verb Tenses • Present • Past • Future • Present Perfect • Past Perfect • Future Perfect • I go • He went • They will go • We have gone • I had gone • I will have gone
Assignment • Make a sentence with a verb that shows the future. (Hint: use the word “will” to show the future) • Diagram your sentence.
Example • Tomorrow, Jennifer will go to the store. • Jennifer will go Where? to Store Tomorrow When? the
Verbs Show Person 1st • I have • You have • He, She, It has Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
The First Person • The first person refers to the speaker (“I”). When you talk about yourself, you use the word “I.” • “I” have many sisters. (I am doing the talking.)