JPO Regional Workshop. Sarajevo 25 – 29 October 2004. THE UN PROGRAMME FOR REFUGEES & IDPs IN CENTRAL AMERICA. DEVELOPEMENT PROGRAMME FOR DISPLACED PERSONS REFUGEES AND RETURNEES PRODERE. The PRODERE’s experience in Central America and its legacy. HUMAN DEVLOPEMENT IN ACTION.
Sarajevo 25 – 29 October 2004
THE UN PROGRAMME FOR REFUGEES & IDPs IN CENTRAL AMERICA
The PRODERE’s experience in Central America
and its legacy
HUMAN DEVLOPEMENT IN ACTION
Special Plan of Economic Cooperation for Central America -PEC- (1988)
International Conference on Central American Refugees -CIREFCA- (1989)
Governments begun a political negotiations with their respective opposition groups. They requested international cooperation in overcoming their difficult economic situation.
The United Nations General Assembly expressed its support.
The Government of Italy confirmed its support to PRODERE by pledging $115 million grant.ORIGINS OF THE PROJECT
As a result two million people were forced to abandon their homes.
Central America was characterized by widespread poverty, social fragility, a limited presence of the State and a high level of Social Exclusion. These factors led to the conflict.
Social exclusion is defined as the set of processes, which tend to disqualify and marginalize individuals and communities due to political, social, economic, ethnic or cultural reasons or because of geographic isolation.INITIAL SITUATION
.....contributes to the peace process in Central America in providing assistance to populations affected by military conflict, thereby enabling them to successfully resettle in their communities, which receive development support as well.
Human development is the process of expending people’s choices in the areas of health and knowledge, as well as increasing access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living.
If these basic capacities are not achieved, many choices are simply not available and many opportunities remain inaccessible.SUSTENAIBLE HUMAN DEVLOPMENT AS A STRATEGY
PRODERE has applied the concept of sustainable Human Development at the local level by integrating activities in five main sectors, where the assistance provides the conditions for the empowerment of local entities.
Sector of Activities
Entities in charge of the sector at
the local level
Local Mechanism for the
Protection of Human Rights
Local Economic Development
Local Economic Development
Local Health System
Local Education System
Infrastructure and environment
Local Planning Unit
was an unique illustration of inter-agency coordination within
United Nations Systems
The National Counterparts
To promote a change of attitude among the various social groups with the goal of strengthening peaceful methods of dispute settlement, thus helping the process of reconciliation and creating more solid grounds for a transition from a culture of violence to a culture of rights.
To convert human development into a means for the achievement of human rights
Strengthening Legal Institutions: administration of justice at the local level.
Research and information: study and training courses.
Legal Assistance: personal documentation and legalization of property.
Adaptation of laws.
Support for vulnerable groups.
Assessment to the peace process.
.HUMAN RIGHTSLocal mechanism for the protection of human rights
Local development committees organized 1,150HUMAN RIGHTSSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
This agencies further the productive transformation of the area in which they function by expanding markets for goods and services, promoting local employment opportunities and improving income.
Preparing diagnostic studies
Designing and executing projects
Promoting new technologies
Supporting the creation or growth of enterprises
Coordinating public and private initiatives
Promoting local employment
Carrying out actions that would contribute to equitable economic growthLOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Local Economic Development Agencies LEDA
Desarrollo Económico Mapa 1
Desarrollo Económico Mapa 2
LHS main objective is to expand the coverage, quality and efficiency of health services.
The LHS approach consist of considering health in terms of mental and social well being.
LHS is composed of representatives of the community as well as representatives of municipal councils, the Ministry of Health, and local non governmental organizations active in healthcare.
Support to the training and education of technical and community personal on health issues
Construction and equipment of health infrastructure where health personnel of the State and other entities can operate
Support for priority health programmes: maternal and childcare, environmental sanitation, transmittable diseases, etc.HEALTH Local Health Systems: LHS
Health centers built/renovated 110
Health centers equipped/ assisted 170
Trained health professionals 2,900
Trained community health workers 8,400HEALTHSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
To adopt a structure, which links and integrates all educational services within a clearly defined geographic area.
Within this area, the State and the community work together at multiple level in the development of education in its various expressions.
The LES reflects the trend towards the decentralization and deconcentration of the State system.
Integration of the various levels of education: pre-school, primary, secondary, technical and university.
Support towards the training and education of professional and community workers on education issues.
Construction and equipment of education infrastructure.
Support for high priority educational programmes.EDUCATIONLocal Education Systems: LES
Schools built/renovated 370
Schools equipped 170
Trained education professionals 7,190
Beneficiaries of literacy programmes 53,400EDUCATION SOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
(bilingual education materials)
To develop planning management and national capacities at the local level in order to foster the sustainability of policies, programmes and projects.
To contribute to the process of decentralization by providing technical support to local institutions.
To transform planning into an instrument for sustainable human development, through the formulation of policies and projects that emphasize protection of the environment and achievement of the better quality of life, deepening the democratic processes and strengthening the participation of the civil society.
LPU´s activities are oriented to foster and strengthen an inter institutional coordination for planning and promoting programmes and projects in areas of:
Environment and land usageREGIONAL PLANNING / INFRASTRUCTURE / ENVIRONMENTLocal Planning Units :LPU
Sewage/drinking water/ latrines 269,500
(beneficiaries)REGIONAL PLANNING / INFRASTRUCTURE / ENVIRONMENT SOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
Infrastructura Mapa 1
Infrastructura Mapa 2
The result of this technical assistance, is included into the Peace Agreements signed in December 1996 and integrated into the public policies, programmes and projects in the areas of:
Social Investments.THE PRODERE´S LEGACY5 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE