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JPO Regional Workshop. Sarajevo 25 – 29 October 2004. THE UN PROGRAMME FOR REFUGEES & IDPs IN CENTRAL AMERICA. DEVELOPEMENT PROGRAMME FOR DISPLACED PERSONS REFUGEES AND RETURNEES PRODERE. The PRODERE’s experience in Central America and its legacy. HUMAN DEVLOPEMENT IN ACTION.

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jpo regional workshop
JPO Regional Workshop

Sarajevo 25 – 29 October 2004

THE UN PROGRAMME FOR REFUGEES & IDPs IN CENTRAL AMERICA

developement programme for displaced persons refugees and returnees prodere
DEVELOPEMENT PROGRAMME FOR DISPLACED PERSONS REFUGEES AND RETURNEESPRODERE

The PRODERE’s experience in Central America

and its legacy

HUMAN DEVLOPEMENT IN ACTION

origins of the project
The Peace Plan known as Esquipulas II (1987)

Special Plan of Economic Cooperation for Central America -PEC- (1988)

International Conference on Central American Refugees -CIREFCA- (1989)

Governments begun a political negotiations with their respective opposition groups. They requested international cooperation in overcoming their difficult economic situation.

The United Nations General Assembly expressed its support.

The Government of Italy confirmed its support to PRODERE by pledging $115 million grant.

ORIGINS OF THE PROJECT
prodere s territory of intervention
PRODERE’s TERRITORY OF INTERVENTION
  • Areas of intervention 13
  • Extension of these areas 45,100
  • Population in these areas 2,520,000
  • Number of Municipalities 13
  • Direct beneficiaries 574,000
  • Indirect beneficiaries 984,500
prodere s territory of intervention the case of guatemala
PRODERE’s TERRITORY OF INTERVENTION:THE CASE OF GUATEMALA
  • Extension of these areas 8,615

(KM2)

  • Population in these areas 202,507
  • Number of Municipalities 4 + 18
  • Direct beneficiaries 82,425
  • Indirect beneficiaries 124,266
  • Micro-regions 18
initial situation
Armed conflicts in El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua existed during the 1980’s.

As a result two million people were forced to abandon their homes.

Central America was characterized by widespread poverty, social fragility, a limited presence of the State and a high level of Social Exclusion. These factors led to the conflict.

Social Exclusion

Social exclusion is defined as the set of processes, which tend to disqualify and marginalize individuals and communities due to political, social, economic, ethnic or cultural reasons or because of geographic isolation.

INITIAL SITUATION
returnees and repatriates the case of guatemala
RETURNEES AND REPATRIATESTHE CASE OF GUATEMALA
  • Total returned and repatriated population 43,594
  • Returned population 22,905
  • Repatriated population in its place of origin 20 689
  • Farms bought by the Government of Guatemala 28
  • Gvt. of Guatemala’s total investment 200,000,000
prodere s main objective
PRODERE’S MAIN OBJECTIVE.....

.....contributes to the peace process in Central America in providing assistance to populations affected by military conflict, thereby enabling them to successfully resettle in their communities, which receive development support as well.

prodere s specific objectives
PRODERE’S SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
  • Participating in the pacification and the peace building process through national reconciliation
  • Promoting, the respect of human and international rights as well as democratic practices.
  • Impelling a process of integral development
  • Strengthening the civil society and its organization.
  • Consolidate governmental institutions at the local level
  • Generating local capacities in the field of planning and development management for governmental and non governmental organization.
  • Bringing technical cooperation for fund raising
sustenaible human devlopment as a strategy
PRODERE’s interventions have been conceived within the framework of the Sustainable Human Development Strategy

Human Development

Human development is the process of expending people’s choices in the areas of health and knowledge, as well as increasing access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living.

If these basic capacities are not achieved, many choices are simply not available and many opportunities remain inaccessible.

SUSTENAIBLE HUMAN DEVLOPMENT AS A STRATEGY
application of the sustainable human development at the local level functional approach
APPLICATION OF THE SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL : FUNCTIONAL APPROACH

PRODERE has applied the concept of sustainable Human Development at the local level by integrating activities in five main sectors, where the assistance provides the conditions for the empowerment of local entities.

Sector of Activities

Entities in charge of the sector at

the local level

Local Mechanism for the

Protection of Human Rights

Human Rights

Local Economic Development

Agency

Local Economic Development

Health

Local Health System

Education

Local Education System

Regional Planning

Infrastructure and environment

Local Planning Unit

application of the sustainable human development at the local level territorial approach
APPLICATION OF THE SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL: TERRITORIAL APPROACH

Town

Community

School

Health Center

Market

slide20
APPLICATION OF THE SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL:PARTICIPATIVE APPROACH, DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEES
project implementation
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION.......

was an unique illustration of inter-agency coordination within

United Nations Systems

  • Other Agencies:
  • UNICEF
  • UNESCO
  • Habitat
  • High Commissioner for
  • Human Rights
project implementation22
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION.......

The National Counterparts

  • Vice Presidency
  • Ministry of development
  • National Commission for Repatriates, Refugees and Displaced Persons
  • General Secretary for Planning
  • National Fund for Peace
  • Others Ministries:
  • Health
  • Education
  • Infrastructure..........................
human rights local mechanism for the protection of human rights
OBJECTIVE

To promote a change of attitude among the various social groups with the goal of strengthening peaceful methods of dispute settlement, thus helping the process of reconciliation and creating more solid grounds for a transition from a culture of violence to a culture of rights.

To convert human development into a means for the achievement of human rights

PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

Strengthening Legal Institutions: administration of justice at the local level.

Research and information: study and training courses.

Legal Assistance: personal documentation and legalization of property.

Adaptation of laws.

Support for vulnerable groups.

Assessment to the peace process.

.

HUMAN RIGHTSLocal mechanism for the protection of human rights
human rights some quantitative achievements the case of prodere guatemala
HUMAN RIGHTSSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA
  • Beneficiaries of legal counseling 27,938
  • Local development committees organized 249
  • Birth certificates and ID card 18,656
  • Legalization Status for refugees 20
  • Legalization of land 7,259
  • Municipal administration training 15
  • Strengthening of local municipal government 4
  • Committees organized and trained 774
  • Beneficiaries of human rights training 7,153
  • Studies and publications: 5X 20,000
local economic development local economic development agencies leda
OBJECTIVE

This agencies further the productive transformation of the area in which they function by expanding markets for goods and services, promoting local employment opportunities and improving income.

Principal activities

Preparing diagnostic studies

Designing and executing projects

Promoting new technologies

Supporting the creation or growth of enterprises

Coordinating public and private initiatives

Promoting local employment

Carrying out actions that would contribute to equitable economic growth

LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Local Economic Development Agencies LEDA
local economic development some quantitative achievements of prodere central america
LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
  • Local Economic Development Agencies created/supported 8
  • Beneficiaries of production projects 69,450
  • Approved loans for production (number) 15,330,000
  • Number of credit beneficiaries 33,000
  • Participants in training courses 30,300
  • Non agricultural micro-entreprises financed 4,470
  • Proportion of women benefited from production training 42%
economic development some quantitative achievements the case of prodere guatemala
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA
  • Local Economic Development Agencies created/supported 2
  • Direct beneficiaries of production projects 7,366
  • Approved loans for production (number) 1,413,109
  • Number of credit beneficiaries 5,256
  • Participants in training courses 13,990
  • Agricultural warehouse centers built 5
  • Governmental organizations strengthened 29
  • Non Governmental organizations strengthened 55
  • Micro enterprises created 84
  • Small scale irrigation systems built 6
  • Beekeeping centers created 56
  • Cooperatives financially strengthened 12
  • Rural Partners’ Enterprises created and supported 17
economic development some quantitative achievements the case of prodere guatemala ixil 1
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA, IXIL (1)

Desarrollo Económico Mapa 1

economic development some quantitative achievements the case of prodere guatemala ixil 2
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA, IXIL (2)

Desarrollo Económico Mapa 2

health local health systems lhs
OBJECTIVE

LHS main objective is to expand the coverage, quality and efficiency of health services.

The LHS approach consist of considering health in terms of mental and social well being.

LHS is composed of representatives of the community as well as representatives of municipal councils, the Ministry of Health, and local non governmental organizations active in healthcare.

PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

Support to the training and education of technical and community personal on health issues

Construction and equipment of health infrastructure where health personnel of the State and other entities can operate

Support for priority health programmes: maternal and childcare, environmental sanitation, transmittable diseases, etc.

HEALTH Local Health Systems: LHS
health some quantitative achievements of prodere central america
Local Health Systems created/supported 25

Health centers built/renovated 110

Health centers equipped/ assisted 170

Trained health professionals 2,900

Trained community health workers 8,400

HEALTHSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
health some quantitative achievements the case of prodere guatemala
HEALTHSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA
  • Local Health Systems created and supported 2
  • Health centers renovated and equipped 39
  • Health centers built and equipped 25
  • Other health building renovated/built and equipped 59
  • Oral re-hydration unit established 46
  • Trained health personnel 1147
  • Latrines built 6612
  • Drinking water committees created and supported 121
  • Drinking water well dug 99
  • Aqueducts built 10
  • Water tank built 4
education local education systems les
OBJECTIVE

To adopt a structure, which links and integrates all educational services within a clearly defined geographic area.

Within this area, the State and the community work together at multiple level in the development of education in its various expressions.

The LES reflects the trend towards the decentralization and deconcentration of the State system.

PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

Integration of the various levels of education: pre-school, primary, secondary, technical and university.

Support towards the training and education of professional and community workers on education issues.

Construction and equipment of education infrastructure.

Support for high priority educational programmes.

EDUCATIONLocal Education Systems: LES
education some quantitative achievements of prodere central america
Local Education System created/supported 10

Schools built/renovated 370

Schools equipped 170

Trained education professionals 7,190

Beneficiaries of literacy programmes 53,400

EDUCATION SOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
education some quantitative achievements the case of prodere guatemala
EDUCATIONSOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA
  • Local Education System created/supported 2
  • Total beneficiaries 43,964
  • Schools built/renovated 63
  • Schools equipped and provided with technical assistance 207
  • Trained education professionals 653
  • Beneficiaries of literacy programmes 20,294
  • Trained Educational promoters 588
  • Cultural Centers built and equipped 3
  • Educational material created 5x5000

(bilingual education materials)

regional planning infrastructure environment local planning units lpu
OBJECTIVE

To develop planning management and national capacities at the local level in order to foster the sustainability of policies, programmes and projects.

To contribute to the process of decentralization by providing technical support to local institutions.

To transform planning into an instrument for sustainable human development, through the formulation of policies and projects that emphasize protection of the environment and achievement of the better quality of life, deepening the democratic processes and strengthening the participation of the civil society.

PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

LPU´s activities are oriented to foster and strengthen an inter institutional coordination for planning and promoting programmes and projects in areas of:

Services

Infrastructures

Economic activities

Environment and land usage

REGIONAL PLANNING / INFRASTRUCTURE / ENVIRONMENTLocal Planning Units :LPU
slide49
Rural Roads built/renovated (km) 1,540

Sewage/drinking water/ latrines 269,500

(beneficiaries)

REGIONAL PLANNING / INFRASTRUCTURE / ENVIRONMENT SOME QUANTITATIVE ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRODERE CENTRAL AMERICA
infrastructure achievements the case of prodere guatemala
INFRASTRUCTURE ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA
  • Rural Roads built/renovated (km) 467
  • Bridges 34
  • Beneficiaries of water and sanitation 52,285
  • Families benef. from emergency shelter 486
  • Families benef. of formal housing 70
  • Beneficiaries of communal infrastructures 23,950
  • Infrastructure committees created 12
regional planning environment achievements the case of prodere guatemala
REGIONAL PLANNING / ENVIRONMENT ACHIEVEMENTS THE CASE OF PRODERE GUATEMALA
  • LPU at departmental level, created and trained 1
  • LPU at Municipal level, created and trained 4
  • Development plan at the departmental level 1
  • Development plan at the municipal level 4
  • Tree Nurseries created 32
  • Hectares of Reforestation 220
the prodere s legacy
THE PRODERE´S LEGACY

THE

CASE OF

PRODERE

GUATEMALA

the prodere s legacy 5 years of experience
During its last period, in order to support the on-going peace process UNDP through PRODERE made available its assistance to the Government of Guatemala, the Guatemalan civil society, several Countries and institutions involved in Guatemala, and to the United Nations Peace Moderator.

The result of this technical assistance, is included into the Peace Agreements signed in December 1996 and integrated into the public policies, programmes and projects in the areas of:

Agricultural Development

Health

Education

Social Investments.

THE PRODERE´S LEGACY5 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE
the prodere s legacy experiences in the field of human rights included into the peace agreements
THE PRODERE´S LEGACY Experiences in the field of Human Rights included into the Peace Agreements
the prodere s legacy experiences in the field of human rights included into the peace agreements57
THE PRODERE´S LEGACY Experiences in the field of Human Rights included into the Peace Agreements
slide58
THE PRODERE´S LEGACY Experiences in the field of Local Economic Development included into the Peace Agreements