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Common Alerting Protocol WIS CAP Implementers Workshop 9-10 December 2008. Dr. Tom De Groeve European Commission Joint Research Center Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen Support to External Security (Critech). System for international disaster response community

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slide1

Common Alerting Protocol

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop

9-10 December 2008

Dr. Tom De Groeve

European Commission Joint Research Center

Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen

Support to External Security (Critech)

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

gdacs what and why

System for international disaster response community

Complimentary with existing information systems

Information gap in the initial response phase

Not for public warning

Main activities

Monitoring sudden onset disasters

earthquakes, volcanoes, cyclones, floods

Impact calculation

Alerting of subscribers

SMS, fax, e-mail, RSS

Platform for information exchange

Between donors, responders, affected governments

Other coordination services

Satellite images, maps, secondary risks, etc.

Main partners

United Nations and European Commission

GDACS: What and Why?

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

early warning and response challenges

Information needs in a sudden-onset disaster

Tasks

Humanitarian donors (e.g. ECHO)

Financial decision on humanitarian aid

Coordination with other donors

First responders (e.g. S&R, Local Authorities)

Planning of response, preparing teams for missions

Coordination with other international and national responders (United Nations OCHA)

Reconstruction

Damage assessment

Financial decision on aid and reconstruction programmes

Did something happen?

Is it a disaster??

How many people??

What are the needs??

Who will respond??

What is offered??

What is needed now??

What is the damage??

time

Early warning and response challenges

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

early warning and response information

Information needs in a sudden-onset disaster

(Geographic) Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management

Early warning and alert tools

Sensors, satellites

Modelling

Consequence analysis

Information collection

Collaboration tools:

Web portals

Knowledge management and sharing

Information collection, conversion, integration

Assessment tools

Very high resolution satellite imagery data mining

Field data collection tools

Did something happen?

Is it a disaster??

How many people??

What are the needs??

Who will respond??

What is offered??

What is needed now??

What is the damage??

time

Early warning and response information

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

gdacs
GDACS
  • The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System is a
    • disaster alerting service for international response
      • Fast and reliable multi-hazard alert service
        • Earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones,Floods and Volcanic eruptions
      • Evaluation of potential humanitarian impact
      • Early situation report
    • coordination tool for international response
      • Automatic information collection
      • Expert forum
      • Organized and moderated data collection
    • one-stop shop in the early response phase of sudden-onset disasters

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

slide6
12 May 2008, 6:41 UTC

14 minutes after earthquake

4500 emails, 2700 SMSs and 100 faxes sent to first responders globally

CAP, RSS, KML and audio feed online

Red earthquake alert: “high likelihood of a disaster, with need for international assistance”

Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

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WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

Cyclone category IV

7 million people with high winds

1.8 million in storm surge zone

Cyclone category I

No people affected

gdacs automatic and manual event analysis
GDACS automatic and manual event analysis

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

Alert

Coordination

Volcano

Monitoring

Networks

CAP

CAP

CAP

Disaster

Level I Alert

Disaster

Level II Alert

Earthquake

Observation

Networks

Automatic Evaluation of scale of disaster

Manual Evaluation of scale of disaster

Event Alerts

Start of coordi-nation

Flood

Watch

Networks

Trop. Cyclone

Observation

Networks

Geographical,

Socio-economic, population data

Eye witness and information from Local

Government, IFRC, ECHO, NGO

Models

example china earthquake chengdu

Mon 12 May 2008, 6:27 UTC

01:27 New York  night

08:27 Brussels  new shift

13:27 local time

15:27 Tokyo

22:27 (Sunday) LA  night

Magnitude: 7.9M (very strong)

Depth: 10km (shallow)

Several strong aftershocks

Location

94km from Chengdu

9.7 million people within 100km

30 million people within 200km

Mountainous area

landslides, hydro-dams

GDACS system (times relative to event)

13min Detection of earthquake through USGS

14min GDACS Red Alert

14min GDACS report published on-line

14-19minEmail alert sent to 4500 users

19-53min SMS alert sent to 2700 users

30min GLIDE number created  info collection

53-56minFax alert sent to 100 users

Example: China earthquake, Chengdu

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

example china earthquake chengdu1

GDACS system (times relative to event)

~1h GDACS Virtual OSOCC topic created

1h20 UNDAC Alert Message

9h Media reports >1000 killed

1st day 1st IFRC Situation Report

2nd day First OCHA Situation Report

18 May First satellite based damage map

Example: China earthquake, Chengdu

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

gdacs s role in relief coordination

System for international disaster response community

Complimentary with existing information systems

Information gap in the initial response phase

Partnerships

United Nations OCHA, UNOSAT, JLS, WFP, UNEP, HABITAT

Scientific organisations

Earthquakes

USGS NEIC, EMSC, GEOFON, INGV, EMERCOM, ESRC, Russian Academy of Sciences, WAPMERR

Tropical cyclones

Pacific Disaster Centre, University of Hawaii, Tropical Storm Risk

Floods

Dartmouth Flood Observatory

Volcanic eruptions

Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program, IVRC

Tsunamis

Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre

GDACS’s role in relief coordination

WIS CAP Implementers Workshop, 9-10 Dec 2008, WMO Geneva

CAP profile(s)