MEXICAN NATIONAL. UNIT 5. KEY TERMS. CONSTITUTION – a written statement outlining the basic laws or principles by which a country or organization is governed. EMPRESARIO – an agent who makes all arrangements to settlers to a colony.
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REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT – a representative government is one that allows its citizens to elect other citizens to make decisions for a larger group of citizens. This allows the business of government to get done.
TEJANO – a person of Mexican descent living in Texas.
1820 – Moses Austin get permission from Spanish authorities to colonize Texas with Americans but dies before he completes his plans.
1821 – Mexico is independent from Spain.
1821 – Stephen F. Austin continues his father’s dream by settling 300 families from the United States. They are know as the “Old Three Hundred”. There were three requirements for settlement (must convert to Catholicism; must become a Spanish/Mexican citizen; must be of good, moral character).
PHILIP NOLAN – a filibuster from the United States that was sent to Texas with Spanish approval but Spain was suspicious of the US taking control of Texas.
JEAN LAFITTE – Galveston pirate who attacked Spanish ships.
DR. JAMES LONG – led a group on a long expedition from Mississippi to Nacogdoches where he declared Texas independent from Spain. While looking for military support, he was captured, taken to Mexico city, and shot.
JOSE GUTIERREZ DE LARA – Leader of the Mexican Republic Army of the North and opposed Spanish Rule, joined Agustus Magee and his men which became known as the Guiterrez-Magee Expedition, supported several filibuster expeditions and the first Governor of Mexican Texas.
MOSES AUSTIN (1820) – First American to work with the Spanish government to settle Americans in Texas.
STEPHEN F. AUSTIN (1821) – First American to recruit and settle Americans in Texas/Mexico. He settled three hundred families and was know as an empresario. This led to the colonization of other American settlers in Texas/Mexico.
ERASMO SEGUIN – Helped Moses Austin obtain approval from Spanish officials to settle American colonist in Texas.
MARTIN DELEON – A Mexican empresario who settled 200 Mexican families in South Texas. He and his wife founded the town of Victoria in 1824.
GREEN DEWITT (1831) – An important American empresario who settled 166 families in the area near present-day Gonzales.