what science has taught us
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what science has taught us
What Science Has Taught Us…
  • Children are NOT born with “bad behaviors”
  • Students do NOT learn when presented contingent aversive consequences
  • Children DO learn better ways of behaving by being taught directly and receiving positive feedback!
societal changes placing children at risk
Societal Changes Placing Children At Risk
  • Increasing Use of Drugs
  • Domestic Abuse and Neglect
  • Severe Social Conflict (Gangs)
  • Increased Violence in Communities and Schools
contributing factors
Contributing Factors
  • Child Characteristics
    • ADHD
    • Difficult Temperament
  • Home
    • Parent-child interactions/ language development
    • Harsh, ineffective parenting style
    • Family disintegration
    • Family history of high risk behavior
  • Community
    • Poverty
    • Access to firearms
    • Neighborhood violence/ crime
school practices that contribute to disruptive behavior
School Practices that Contribute to Disruptive Behavior
  • Unclear rules and policies
  • Weak, inconsistent staff support of rules
  • Over reliance on punishment
  • Academic failure experiences
  • Lack of understanding, failure to respond appropriately to cultural differences
  • Misuse of behavior management
  • Failure to teach positive interpersonal skills
  • Failure to adequately supervise/ monitor student behavior
  • Zero tolerance
school response
School Response…
  • Control
    • Metal detectors
    • Cameras
  • Containment
    • Alternative school
  • Punishment
  • Exclusion

Indicators of School Crime and Safety, IES (2006)

problems with punishment
Problems with Punishment
  • Overused and Ineffective
  • Provides Short-Term Effects
  • Leads to Escape and Avoidance
    • Truancy
    • Tardiness
    • Behaviors Leading to Suspension
research on suspension
Research on Suspension
  • No Studies Support Use of Suspension to Positively Affect Behavior
  • 30%-50% of All Suspensions Are Due to Repeat Offenders, Suggesting
    • Suspension Not Effective
    • Suspension May Be a Reinforcer
what do we do successful programs
What do we do???Successful Programs...
  • Alter School Climate
  • Promote Interventions That Are
    • Empirically-Based
    • “User-Friendly”
  • Provide Teachers OngoingTraining & Support
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