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Chapter 35 lesson 2 Poisonings. Poisons. 1 and 2 million poisonings occur in the United states every year ½ of poisonings involve medicines and household products that are swallowed or inhaled

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Chapter 35 lesson 2 Poisonings


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    1. Chapter 35 lesson 2Poisonings

    2. Poisons • 1 and 2 million poisonings occur in the United states every year • ½ of poisonings involve medicines and household products that are swallowed or inhaled • Poisoning can also result from insect or animal bites and even from touching certain substances, such as poison ivy • Most poisonings involve children under 6

    3. Swallowing Poison • Symptoms of swallowing poison • Sharp abdominal cramps • Extreme drowsiness • Loss of consciousness • Vomiting • Chemical odor on breath • Chemical burns on lips • Open container

    4. First Aid for Swallowing Poison • Call poison control center • Be prepared to give information about victim and poison • May be told to give milk or water to dilute poison • May be told to give Emetic to induce vomiting, such as teaspoon of table salt with warm water • Treat victim for shock

    5. Snakebite • 4 poisonous types in United States • Rattle snake • Copperhead • Water moccasin (cotton mouth) • Coral snake • ½ of all poisonous snakebites occur in Texas, Louisiana, North Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Arkansas

    6. Snakebite • 1% of the people bitten by poisonous snakes die • A large number of deformities and amputations do result from poisonous snake bites

    7. Rattle Snake

    8. Copperhead

    9. Water Moccasin

    10. Coral Snake

    11. First Aid for Snake Bite • Get Victim to Hospital • Keep bitten area at or below the level of the heart • Call, or have someone call, EMS • Delay the absorption for venom • Maintaining breathing and prevent aggravation of the wound

    12. Contact Poisoning • 2 categories • Plants • Chemicals

    13. First Aid for Plants • Poison ivy, Poison oak, Poison sumac • First defense is to learn what they look like • Some have no reaction, others develop severe skin rash, followed later by blistering, swelling, burning, itching and perhaps fever

    14. Poison Ivy

    15. Poison oak

    16. Poison sumac

    17. First Aid for Plants • 1 – Remove contaminated clothing • 2 – Pour large quantities of water over the affected area • 3 – Wash area thoroughly with soap and water • 4 – Calamine lotion can be used to relieve the itching • 5 – If pain severe, seek medical attention

    18. First Aid for Poisonous Chemicals • Pesticides, solvents, household cleaning supplies, and highly abrasive cleaners are among the chemicals that can cause poisoning • Chemical poisoning through direct contact with a chemical is usually characterized by a burning of the skin, like a sunburn

    19. First Aid for Poisonous Chemicals • 1 – remove clothing that has come into contact with the chemical • 2 – Flooding the area with water for 15 minutes • 3 – Contact the nearest poison control center