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2nd Mars Expedition Planning Workshop How to use the Moon as a Testbed to Compose the Correct Crew for an Exploratory Mission to Mars. Presented by: Alexandre Lasslop Shandy Asturias. August 6, 2005. Introduction. Contribute to the “International LunaMars Initiative”

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2nd Mars Expedition Planning WorkshopHow to use the Moon as a Testbed to Compose the Correct Crew for an Exploratory Mission to Mars

Presented by: Alexandre Lasslop

Shandy Asturias

August 6, 2005

introduction
Introduction
  • Contribute to the “International LunaMars Initiative”
    • Initiated by Bob Richards, François Spiero, Bernard Foing and Regina North at the last COSPAR in Paris
    • Presented at various scientific congresses since
objective
Objective
  • Provide an outline of psychological and psychosocial issues
  • Focus on how the Moon can best be utilized as a testbed for the preparation of a crew for planetary destinations like Mars
  • This project will not deal with:
    • Human and technological preparations of human settlement on the Moon
lunamars initiative
LunaMars Initiative
  • The establishment of an international framework in which the exploration and development of the Moon will enable the core competencies and experience that can be most effectively applied to the exploration and development of Mars.
lunamars initiative1
LunaMars Initiative
  • Rationale for human base on the Lunar Farside:
    • Technical
    • Science
    • Physiological
    • Psychological
technical
Technical
  • EVA suits
  • Soft landing and re-launching skills of a human rated vehicle
  • In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) techniques
  • Planetary exploration skills
  • Closed loop Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS)
science
Science
  • Geology on other planetary bodies
  • Construction and operation of scientific instruments on other planetary bodies and in unusual environments (e.g. Lunar telescope)
physiological
Physiological
  • Zero or reduced gravity (Re-adaptation)
    • Cardiovascular
    • Bone loss
    • Muscle loss
  • Radiation
psychological
Psychological
  • Confinement
  • Danger
  • Isolation
confinement
Confinement
  • Closed environment for long periods of time
  • Dependency of other crewmates
danger
Danger
  • Hostile environment
    • Low temperature, low pressure environment
    • Radiation environment
    • No quick return capability
  • Impossibility to abort mission once injected on trans-Mars trajectory
isolation
Isolation
  • From friends and family
  • Communication problems which get worse over time (time lag of up to 40 min)
  • Earth-out-of-view phenomenon
conclusion
Conclusion
  • LunaMars Initiative
  • Preparatory work for Mars:
    • Technical
    • Science
    • Physiological
    • Psychological
  • The Moon is an essential step in the human quest to explore Mars and beyond …