Classroom Management and Student Motivation Clare Heaney: Director of Studies
What is Classroom Management • Effective Discipline • Being prepared for class • Motivating your students • Providing a safe, comfortable learning environment • Building your students’ self-esteem • Being creative and imaginative in daily lessons
Different for everyone…..Why?? • Teaching Styles • Personality/Attitudes • Not all management strategies are effective for every learner Try different strategies to see what works best for you!!
TASK DISCUSS WAYS IN WHICH YOU CAN DESIGN A LESSON FOR STUDENTS WITH A VARIETY OF LEARNING STYLES. WHAT STRATEGIES CAN YOU IMPLEMENT TO TAKE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT INTO CONSIDERATION? Prepare in groups and then relay to the class
WHY IS CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IMPORTANT?? • Satisfaction and enjoyment in teaching are dependent on leading students to co-operate • Classroom management issues are one of the main concerns of beginning teachers
Principles for successful classroom management • Deal with disruptive behaviour – have a clear code of conduct • Teach students to manage their own behaviour • Focus attention on entire class • Direct your instruction so students know what is going to happen • Monitor all groups – move around the room so students have to pay attention more readily • Make sure classroom is comfortable and safe • Over-plan your lesson so that learning takes place • Keep a steady pace • Show confidence in your teaching • Make class expectations clear and realistic and stick to them • Be consistent – set realistic goals • Work to engage all students
CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES • Make a good first impression • Come in with enthusiasm and show that you are excited to be there
THE TEACHER AS DIRECTOR • Sitting behind a desk creates distance between the teacher and learner • Get down to their level when teaching • Know how to work one on one while not turning your back to the class
DEALING WITH DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOUR • Remain focused and calm • Respond decisively • Follow the school’s policy and procedures • Avoid confrontation
THE KEY TO GOOD CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT • Use consistent, explicit instructions and praise any attempts to communicate • Speak clearly using the normal rhythm and patterns of English • Use repetition and non-verbal supports • Observe and interact to ascertain how much the student understands • Allow students time to tune into English – they will understand more English than they can articulate • Model correct structures
WHY USE THE NEW WAY?? • Students pay more attention and learn better from each other when their performances and processes of negotiation of meaning are more closely adapted to one another’s level of ability • Group work is especially effective because ESL students are often hesitant to speak in large settings
SOME CHALLENGES OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT • Students find it difficult to participate because they don’t want to make a mistake • Students insist on translating every word • Students speak in their own language • Students have varying levels of commitment • Students insist on translating every phrase into their own language
TASK DESIGN A PLAN OF STRATEGIES YOU USE TO MOTIVATE STUDENTS IN THE CLASSROOM PRESENT TO THE GROUP
Motivation in the ESL Classroom • Motivation has long been a major problem for most teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) or as a foreign language . • Motivation in the ESL/EFL classroom is easily one of the most important factors as most of our students have low motivation to learn English. In addition to that, while most of them have a vague sense that "English will be useful for my future," they don't have a clear idea of what that means, nor is that a very strong motivator; it's too vague and too far off.
First step in tackling motivation problem: teachers need to understand and appreciate the role of motivation in language learning. According to William Littlewood (1987:53): “…motivation is the critical force which determines whether a learner embarks on a task at all, how much energy he devotes to it, and how long he perseveres. It is a complex phenomenon and includes many components: the individual’s drive, need for achievement and success, curiosity, desire for stimulation and new experience, and so on. These factors play a role in every kind of learning situation.”
Principle Ways of Motivating Students in the Classroom • Use Pair-Work or Group-Work appropriately. Language is best learned through close collaboration and communication among learners. Learners can assist each other during tasks such as writing, dialogues, role plays etc… Some students find it less stressful to learn from their peers than their teacher. Communicative language teaching requires a sense of community and an environment of trust and mutual confidence which “pair work” or “group work” can provide.
Provide some “friendly” competition. Adults like to compete as much as teenagers (sometimes more!!). • Quizzes • Games (Stop The Bus/Pictionary/Taboo/Charades • Cater to their skills and exploit their talents • Integrate technology into the classroom: Web-quests - an online, inquiry-based activity where students are required to search for specific information within links provided by the teacher, and then produce a report or a PowerPoint presentation
The Seating Of The Students: determines the dynamics of the lesson – a simple change in seating pattern can make an incredible difference to group coherence. Keep the following in mind: • Maximise eye contact (teacher to student and student to student) • Ensure students are seated at a comfortable distance between each other but also ensure that no students are isolated • Think in advance about how you will organise changing partners or changing groups
Role-Play: This is another technique to vary the pace of the lesson and to respond to the fundamental notion of variety in teaching. Teachers are advised to use the role- play activity in order to motivate their students and to help the less motivated learners take part in the lesson. Besides, certain tasks in the student’s book are followed by a role- play activity where it becomes a necessity to undergo such an activity. As good examples of that we can state the obvious examples of dramatizing an interview of customer and shop assistant, doctor and patient conversation, etc.. Also… phrasal verbs () – students prepare a role-play using the verbs that they have learned – highly motivating!! ()
Use Realia and Flash Cards: Realia is an authentic material that helps the teacher to overcome classroom artificiality • Songs: An excellent medium to heighten motivation in the classroom – grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and community building can all be taught. Teachers can elicit students’ ideas about the song through activities such as prediction, mind maps, word splashes etc… Students discuss questions such as the feelings in the song, what will happen next, etc… and write their responses in an interesting manner. Students may write and present how the song makes them feel and then draw a picture of their feelings while listening to the song. Teachers respond to this presentation and ask questions. Then, feedback is provided from the group.
Strategies for success • Little compliments along the way • Reinforce accomplishments • Make it a game • “How many can you get done in 5 minutes? • Play the game with child • Role reversal • Focus on end result • What is the student’s goal? • Address motivation directly
Helpful hints • Give a choice whenever possible • Use the foundation of your relationship • Be creative • Insist on responsibility • Warn them of the consequences of their behaviour
“If you want to build a ship, don’t drum up the people to gather wood, divide the work and give orders. Instead teach them to yearn for the endless immensity of the sea” — Antoine de Saint-Exupery