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Chapter 7: Deceleration Behaviour Therapy. Differential Reinforcement. Higher incompatibility leads to more effective treatment Of incompatible behaviours Of competing behaviours Of other (any) behaviours Of Low Response Rates (Shaping). Differential: Other Types.

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differential reinforcement
Differential Reinforcement
  • Higher incompatibility leads to more effective treatment
  • Of incompatible behaviours
  • Of competing behaviours
  • Of other (any) behaviours
  • Of Low Response Rates (Shaping)

CBT Chapter 7

differential other types
Differential: Other Types

5. Non-contingent reinforcement: Satiation and extinction

6. Functional communication training (Assertion): Alternating ways of conveying desire for reinforcer

CBT Chapter 7

consequential deceleration
Consequential Deceleration
  • Directly affecting the frequency of the target behaviour
  • Or making the consequences undesirable
  • Involves reinforcement and/or punishment

CBT Chapter 7

1 extinction
1. Extinction
  • Identifying and removing reinforcers
  • “Time out from positive reinforcement”

Problems

  • Slow working
  • Extinction bursts
  • Little transfer, high specificity
  • High rate of spontaneous recovery

CBT Chapter 7

extinction the ferber technique
Extinction: The Ferber Technique
  • Using extinction to stop babies from crying
  • Attention from parents is a reinforcer
  • Uses “time out” method

Ferber link: http://www.babycenter.com/refcap/baby/babysleep/7755.html#2

CBT Chapter 7

2 response cost
2. Response Cost
  • Removing items or privileges
    • Personal possessions, time, money
  • Relatively effective technique for children and adults
  • High familiarity to the “real-world”

CBT Chapter 7

3 overcorrection
3. Overcorrection
  • Restitution: making amends for damage done
  • Positive (over)practice: exaggerated performance of appropriate adaptive behaviour
  • The cost of inappropriate behaviour is exaggerated
  • Limited to behaviours that can be corrected

CBT Chapter 7

4 physically aversive consequences
4. Physically Aversive Consequences
  • Use of physical punishment
  • Tends to work more quickly than reinforcement approaches
  • First response to situations where there is physical threat to self or others

CBT Chapter 7

the downside of physical punishment
The downside of physical punishment…
  • Avoidance (transfer)
  • Aversive emotional responses
  • Perpetuation effects
    • In client and change agent
  • Short lasting effectiveness

CBT Chapter 7

aversion therapy
Aversion Therapy
  • Uses classical conditioning paradigm
  • A strong aversive stimulus is applied simultaneously to maladaptive behaviour
  • A highly motivated client is required

CBT Chapter 7

applying the aversive stimulus
Applying the aversive stimulus
  • Actual application
  • Symbolic exposure
  • Imagery (Covert Sensitization)

CBT Chapter 7

punishment ethical considerations
Punishment:Ethical Considerations
  • Strong cultural images of punishment
  • Utility (short and long-term)
  • Potential for abuse
  • Will of the client

CBT Chapter 7

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