The Imperfect Tense: Regular-Irregular Verbs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Imperfect Tense: Regular-Irregular Verbs

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The Imperfect Tense: Regular-Irregular Verbs

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  1. The Imperfect Tense:Regular-Irregular Verbs Page 63 Avancemos 3

  2. Preterite • You have already learned to talk about the past using the preterite tense for actions that began and ended at a definite time.

  3. Preterite • Ana cantó en la fiesta anoche. • Ana sang at the party last night. • (Completed past action.)

  4. Imperfect • The imperfect tense is another way to talk about the past. We use it to describe actions without any indication of their beginning or end.

  5. Imperfect • Ana cantaba. • Ana was singing. • (No indication of beginning or end.)

  6. Imperfect • We use the imperfect to talk about actions that happened repeatedly in the past. In English we often say “used to” or “would” to express this idea.

  7. Imperfect • Generalmente caminaban mucho. • Generally they would walk a lot.

  8. Imperfect • Jugaban con otros niños de la familia. • They used to play with other children in the family.

  9. Imperfect • Expressions such as generalmente, a menudo, muchas veces, todos los días, siempre, and nunca can cue us to use the imperfect.

  10. Imperfect • Here are all the forms of -ar verbs in the imperfect. Notice the accent mark on the nosotros form.

  11. Yo caminaba Tú caminabas Él Ella caminaba Ud. Nos. caminábamos Vos. caminabais Ellos Ellas caminaban Uds. CAMINAR (to walk)

  12. Imperfect • Since the yo and the Ud./él/ella forms are the same, we often use the subject pronouns to avoid confusion.

  13. Imperfect Let’s do a few more verbs.

  14. Yo patinaba Tú patinabas Él Ella patinaba Ud. Nos. patinábamos Vos. patinabais Ellos Ellas patinaban Uds. PATINAR (to skate)

  15. Yo usaba Tú usabas Él Ella usaba Ud. Nos. usábamos Vos. usabais Ellos Ellas usaban Uds. USAR (to use)

  16. Yo jugaba Tú jugabas Él Ella jugaba Ud. Nos. jugábamos Vos. jugabais Ellos Ellas jugaban Uds. JUGAR (to play)

  17. Imperfect • Now we will learn the -er/-ir verb endings in the imperfect tense.

  18. Yo comía Tú comías Él Ella comía Ud. Nos. comíamos Vos. comíais Ellos Ellas comían Uds. COMER (to eat)

  19. Yo vivía Tú vivías Él Ella vivía Ud. Nos. vivíamos Vos. vivíais Ellos Ellas vivían Uds. VIVIR (to live)

  20. The Imperfect • There are three irregular verbs in the imperfect. The verbs IR, SER, and VER.

  21. iba ibas iba íbamos ibais iban IR

  22. era eras era éramos erais eran SER

  23. veía veías veía veíamos veíais veían VER

  24. The Imperfect • The imperfect form of hay is había (there was/were, there used to be) • Generalmente, no había muchos participantes en el campeonato.