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OSHA’s VOLUNTARY PROTECTION PROGRAMS A Path for Achieving Safety and Health Excellence. Federal Agency VPP Workshop. Cathy Oliver Director Office of Partnerships and Recognition Occupational Safety and Health Administration. What is VPP?.
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OSHA’s VOLUNTARY PROTECTION PROGRAMSA Path for Achieving Safety and Health Excellence Federal Agency VPP Workshop Cathy Oliver Director Office of Partnerships and Recognition Occupational Safety and Health Administration
What is VPP? • A process for achieving safety and health excellence • Joint Cooperation: Labor ~ Management ~ Government • Official recognition of excellence
VPP – Basic Tenets • Effective Safety and Health Management Systems • Performance-based Criteria • Self-Sufficient • Effects Culture Change • Continuous Improvement
VPP Benefits • Employees • Safe and Healthful Work Environment • Improved Morale • Employers • Lower Costs (Insurance & Workers’ Comp) • Higher Profitability • OSHA • Role Models • Safety and Health “Ambassadors”
VPP Elements • Management commitment and employee involvement • Worksite analysis • Hazard prevention & control • Training
Management Commitment • Commitment • Planning • Written Program • Authority and Resources • Line Accountability • Contract Worker Coverage
Employee Involvement • “Meaningful” Involvement • Employee Rights • Union Assurances • Access to Records
Worksite Analysis • Self-Inspection • Comprehensive Surveys • Hazard Analysis • Accident Investigations • Trend Analysis • Annual Evaluation
Hazard Prevention & Control • Written Program • Engineering, Administrative, PPE Controls • Emergency Preparedness • Professional Expertise • Occupational Health Care Programs
Safety and Health Training • Hazard Recognition • Rights and Responsibilities • Safety and Health Management Systems
VPP Process • Application to Regional VPP Manager • No Fees Associated with Program • Program Criteria • Injury & Illness Rates Below BLS Avg. • S&H Programs In Place 1 Year • Union buy-in • Annual and Self Evaluation • Onsite Evaluation • Re-approval Process
VPP Onsite Evaluation • Not Compliance Oriented • Comprehensive SHMS Review • Documentation Reviews • OSHA-300 Records Check • Employee Interviews • Recommendation for Participation
VPP Recognition • Star • Highest level of recognition • All VPP requirements met • System operating at least one year • Rates are below the National Average • Merit • Demonstration
How Much Does VPP Cost? • Depends Upon Starting Point • No standard method of costing S&H • No Set Cost • Varies by Complexity • Necessary Documentation for Confidence • Several VPP Sites have anecdotally reported that after start-up up costs, it is small (less than 1% of gross operating expenses typically) • USA/NASA $1 = $6 pay back
Growth of VPPFederal Only As of 1/31/07 Source: OSHA, Office of Partnership & Recognition
VPP Participants • Over 270 different industries participate • Size Independent • Smallest Site: 3 Employees • Largest Site: 18,000 Employees + 1,059 Contract Employees • 52% have < 200 Employees • 28% Union
General Electric Dell International Paper Conoco Philips Frito-Lay Exxon-Mobil Motorola Georgia Pacific Nabisco Solutia Pfizer Tyco 3M Lockheed Martin IBM Corporation Dow Chemical Schering-Plough Texaco United Space Alliance Who’s Who in VPP
Federal Agencies in VPP 118 Total VPP sites across 7 Agencies • NASA (7 sites) • DOL (4 sites) • DOD (7 sites; Army 1, Navy 4, NSA 2) • HHS (1 site) • Interior (3 sites) • Treasury (1 site) • USPS (95 sites)
VPP: Special Government Employees • Assists OSHA’s onsite evaluation teams with industry employees; also Federal employees • Invites qualified volunteers from VPP sites to participate if approved by OSHA and funded by companies/agencies • Gives industry and government opportunity to work together to share views and best practices • Currently, there are more than 700 active SGEs • In FY06, used 353 SGEs • There are 67 “SGEs” from Federal Agencies
New Initiatives • VPP Corporate • Mobile Workforce • OSHA Challenge
VPP STARSPortsmouth Naval Shipyard • Oldest continuously operating shipyard in the US (June 1800) • Approximately 4,300 workers • TCIR/DART are 32% and 48% below the industry averages, respectively
The US Mint at Philadelphia A VPP Success Story Prior to VPP: • One of the highest employee injury rates in the federal government • In 2002, The Mint was cited for 81 OSHA Violations with 139 specific examples of unsafe conditions. • Had the Mint been a private company, it would have faced $250,000 in fines for violations. • The Director of the Mint orders a six week work stoppage to review and address safety issues.
The US Mint at Philadelphia A VPP Success Story VPP: Making an Impact……
VPP - Workers’ Compensation Medical Costs Total Savings FY 03 - 06 (-) $410K or (-) 37%
VPP Works… 2005 Data • TCIR Rate 50% below Industry avg. • DART Rate 53% below Industry avg. • Fed Agency TCIR 53% below Industry avg. • Fed Agency DART 44% below Industry avg. • Estimated 11,901 TCIR injuries avoided • Estimated 6,061 DART injuries avoided • Reduced Worker’s Compensation Costs • Labor, Management , and Government working together • Increased Productivity • WORKERS GO HOME SAFE
What People Are Saying… • “It has been a joint effort involving our unions, management, employees and OSHA in identifying potential hazards and health risks and developing programs that are transforming workplace safety and health into a model for other agencies and companies.” - John E. Potter, Postmaster General, U.S. Postal Service
VPP Help • http://www.osha.gov • Federal Register Notices • Local OSHA Area Office • VPPPA
Contact • Cathy Oliver (202) 693-2213 email@example.com