Sickle cell anemia a health issue affecting young children
Download
1 / 12

Sickle Cell Anemia A Health Issue Affecting Young Children - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on

Sickle Cell Anemia A Health Issue Affecting Young Children. Valerie Powell 05.27.2013 EEC 2732. What is Sickle Cell Anemia?. The most common form of sickle cell disease.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Sickle Cell Anemia A Health Issue Affecting Young Children' - menefer


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Sickle cell anemia a health issue affecting young children

Sickle Cell Anemia A Health Issue Affecting Young Children

Valerie Powell

05.27.2013

EEC 2732


What is sickle cell anemia
What is Sickle Cell Anemia?

  • The most common form of sickle cell disease.

  • The body forms abnormal red blood cells that are crescent-shaped; normal red blood cells look like doughnuts without holes in the center.

  • Because of their abnormal shape, the blood cells become stiff and sticky, blocking blood flow through the body.


What is sickle cell anemia1
What is Sickle Cell Anemia?

  • An inherited, lifelong disorder.

  • Present at birth.

  • There is currently no cure, only treatment to help improve anemia and lower complications.

    Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012

    Photo Source: http://www.drstandley.com/images/health

    %20topics/SickleCell.jpg


Who is affected or at risk
Who is Affected or At Risk?

  • Most common in families who descend from Africa, South or Central America, Caribbean Islands, Turkey, Greece, Italy, India, and Saudi Arabia.

  • In the US, an estimated 70,000 – 100,000 people are affected, mainly African Americans.

  • Disease occurs in about 1 out of every 500 African American births.

  • Disease occurs in about 1 out of every 36,000 Hispanic births.

    Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012


Signs symptoms
Signs & Symptoms

  • Signs and symptoms can vary from mild to severe and require hospital care.

  • May not show symptoms until 4 months old.

  • Most common symptoms are related to anemia and pain:

  • Shortness of breath

  • Dizziness

  • Headaches

  • Pale skin

  • Coldness in hands & feet

  • Jaundice

  • Acute or Chronic pain

  • Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012


Signs symptoms sickle cell crisis
Signs & Symptoms: Sickle Cell Crisis

  • Crisis is a period of acute illness caused by the clumping of deformed blood cells.

  • Children are typically hospitalized.

  • Can be triggered by infection, injury, strenuous exercise, dehydration, exposure to temperature extremes, or unknown reasons.

  • Symptoms include: fever, swelling of hands or feet, severe abdominal and leg pain, vomiting, and ulcers on the arms and legs.

  • Source: Marotz, 2012


Complications
Complications

  • Splenic Crisis

  • Infections

  • Acute Chest Syndrome

  • Pulmonary Hypertension

  • Stroke

  • Eye Problems

  • Gallstones

  • Multiple Organ Failure

  • Ulcers on the Legs

  • Priapism

  • Hand-Foot Syndrome

  • Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012


Management
Management

  • Ongoing Care:

    • Doctor visits

    • Routine blood work for lung, kidney and liver function

  • Infection Prevention:

    • Current on vaccinations

    • Good hygiene

  • Stroke Prevention:

    • Being aware of signs of stroke:

      • Sudden weakness, paralysis, confusion, trouble speaking and/or seeing, difficulty breathing, dizziness, loss of balance, unconscious, sudden or severe headache.

  • Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012


Teaching supports modifications
Teaching Supports & Modifications

  • Maintain regular contact with the family to review progress and treatment modifications.

  • Become familiar with symptoms of acute complications.

  • Have child’s emergency information readily available.

  • Provide family with learning materials and ideas to be used at home.

  • Enforce strict sanitary procedures in the classroom.


Teaching supports modifications1
Teaching Supports & Modifications

  • Monitor physical activity and provide rest periods.

  • Encourage a healthy diet.

  • Encourage proper hydration, allowing unlimited access to water and bathroom breaks.

  • Alert family to symptoms witnessed in the classroom.

  • Work with family to help them and the child cope with the condition.

  • Source: Marotz, 2012


How to address common issues in the classroom
How to Address Common Issues in the Classroom

  • Issue:

    • Children may experience a high rate of absenteeism due to flare-ups, infections and illnesses (Marotz, 2012).

  • Response:

    • Give parents classwork so the child does not fall too far behind.

    • If hospitalized, work with hospital tutor on assignments and projects.

    • Encourage tutoring.

  • Issue:

    • Children can often, but not always, take part in physical education or sports (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012).

  • Response:

    • Offer indoor activities for recess during times of extreme heat or cold, and when advised by their physician.

    • Require weather appropriate clothing.


Works cited
Works Cited

  • Marotz, L.R. (2012). Health, safety, and nutrition for the young child (8th ed.) (pp. 104-105). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (September 2012). Retrieved May 26, 2013, from http://www.nhlbi.gov/health-topics/topics/sca/