Changes in the Way We Live. Unit 1. Outline. Warm-up Activity Cultural Knowledge Key Words Text Comprehension Sentences & Structure Exercises Homework & Presentation. Warm-up Activity.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
E(lwyn) B(rooks) White (1899-1985):
Leading American essayist and literary stylist of his time. White was known for his crisp, graceful, relaxed style.
White's stories ranged from satire to children's fiction. While he often wrote from the perspective of slightly ironic onlooker.
He was also a sensitive spokesman for the freedom of the individual. Among his most enduring essays is ‘Once More to the Lake.’
A Subtreasury of American Humour, 1941 (ed. with Katherine Sergeant Angell)
The Elements of Style, 1959 (with W. Strunk, Jr.)
Essays of E.B. White, 1977
It refers to the eight long-established colleges and universities in USA with prestigious academic and social reputations. Its members go as follows:
1)Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island;
2)Columbia University in New York City;
3)Cornell University in Ithaca, New York;
4) Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire;
5) Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts;
6)University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia;
7)Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey;
8)Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
If you want to know more about these schools, you are welcomed to log on to their websites:
Brown University www.brown.edu
Columbia University www.columbia.edu
Cornell University www.cornell.edu
Dartmouth College www.dartmouth.edu
Harvard University www.harvard.edu
University of Pennsylvania www.upenn.edu
Princeton University www.princeton.edu
Yale University www.yale.edu
This is a popular US sports magazine published each week by Time Inc (Incorporated), part of Time Warner. It first appeared in 1954, and is read mainly by men.
Individual Retirement Account (IRA)
This is a US government program that allows people to put part of their income into special bank accounts. No tax has to be paid on this money until they retire.
A written contract or certificate of insurance.
1)the financial stability of the insurance company;
2)the price of policies;
3)details of coverage and service.
Most insurance falls into four main categories:
1)property and casualty (意外伤害）;
4)old-age and unemployment.
A sprayer ; device that spray liquid onto the surface of an object in atomized form using air pressure ; spray
spray paint ; spray
spray paint ; spray lacquer
A hair spray ; to spray hair spray on one's hair in order to fix a hair style .
Eg. 没有消化酶(digestion enzymes )的帮助, 人的胃就无法消化食物。
apprehend ; understand ; comprehend ; grasp ; follow ; get
Eg. A digest of the week's news
Reader 's Digest
Eg. The company's profit showed a gain of 10% last year.
Part Division of the Text
The writer views his life in the country as a self-reliant and satisfying one.
Life in the country is good yet sometimes very hard.
After quitting his job, the writer’s income was reduced, but he and his family can manage to get by.
A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy have made it possible for the family to enjoy their life in the country.
Para 1 Where does the author’s contentment come from?
Para 2 What kind of life is a self-reliant ?
Para 3 What kind of life is satisfying ?
civil liberties, balance of powers, environmental protection, cultural diversity, equal economic opportunity and spiritual freedom
self-made success, value of manual work; individuality, nature
Para 4 Please describe the tough farm life by the words listed below:
30 below, hauling firewood up the river
95 above, cultivate corn; weed strawberries; kill chickens;
recently, retile the back roof
soon, make some long-overdue improvements
later this month, spray the orchard; paint the barn; plant the garden; clean the hen house
Para 5 What does the writer do in between the chores?
What does his wife do?
There is, as the old saying goes, not rest for the wicked, on the place like this—and not for the virtuous either.
Para 6 A specific example of their hard but happy life.
Para 7 What are the two floods the spring brings?
The river overflowed, covering our lands for weeks.
The growing season swamp us under wave after wave of produce. -- metaphor
Para 8 The second year on the farm I quit my job and start to freelance.
At that point the timing was terrible.
Will there ever be a better time?
Para 9 Achievements in writing life.
There have been a few anxious moments since then, but on balance things have gone much better than we had any right to expect.
On balance: on the whole, in a word.
Para 10 Our usual expenses: How do we managed our life.
Generate enough income.
Handle mortgage payments and family expenses.
What are the expenses we have to cover?
Aside from / except for / in addition to /apart from
Set aside / put aside / reserve / save
Para 11 Their entertainment life. – without lowering our standards of living.
Attend the opera and ballet
Combine vacations with story assignments
Para 12-13 What are the special quality required for life on a farm?
a tolerance for solitude.
a lot of energy.
On such a tight budget.
draw up a budget
submit a budget
balance a budget
exceed a budget
cut/reduce a budget
Federal /household /municipal /national budget
Para 14 What will the future be?
Maybe quite a while; maybe not…
– leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride.
– made a profit.
Para 15 Restate their purpose to come to the farm life.
We come here to improve the quality of our lives.
a self-reliant life
a tough life
as the old saying goes
Love / enjoy every minute of sth.
get through the winter
Ivy League schools
with sb.’s blessings
be employed full time
14. 至于 ……
When it comes to …
apart from …
standard of living
/ living standard
make up the difference
attend the opera
a tolerance for solitude