slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Types of Discrimination PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Types of Discrimination

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 41

Types of Discrimination - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 289 Views
  • Uploaded on

Types of Discrimination. De jure segregation : segregation by law De facto segregation: segregation that exists by practice and custom. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Established “separate but equal” under the law. Homer Plessy. Taking on Segregation. WWII sets stage for Civil Rights Movement

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Types of Discrimination


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript

    1. Types of Discrimination • De jure segregation: segregation by law • De facto segregation: segregation that exists by practice and custom

    2. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) • Established “separate but equal” under the law Homer Plessy

    3. Taking on Segregation • WWII sets stage for Civil Rights Movement • African Americans working in more jobs • Served in military( eliminated discrimination policy) • FDR publically prohibited discrimination in federal agencies & war work companies

    4. Time to Challenge the Court • NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People • Main group leading the fight for desegregation • Thurgood Marshall: - NAACP attorney - Most well known for key victory in Brown v. Board - 1st African American Supreme court justice

    5. Brown v. Board of Education • 1954: Linda Brown’s father charged school w/violating Linda’s rights by denying entry into school • White school 4 blocks away, black school 21 blocks away • Court ruled in favor of Brown saying the segregated schooling violated 14th Amendment Meant ALL schools must desegregate

    6. Reaction to Brown v. Board Decision • Met with great resistance in many Southern states • Little Rock Nine: 1957, Gov. of Arkansas sent National Guard to keep 9 African American students from entering high school • Eisenhower forced to take control of National Guard • Students received tremendous harassment “The people of Georgia will not comply with the decision of the court….We’re going to do w/e is necessary in Georgia to keep white children in white schools and colored children in colored schools.” ~ Gov. of Georgia (Herman Talmadge)

    7. Continued Desegregation Response to Little Rock Nine: • Sept 1957 Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1957: gave attorney general greater power over school segregation/ gave federal gov’t more power over violation of African American voting rights • Pushed through by Texas Senator Lyndon B. Johnson

    8. Spark That Lights the Fire • Death of Emmitt Till: August 1955 • 14 years old • From Chicago • Visiting family in Money Mississippi • Supposedly whistled at the white female store clerk • Taken from home, tortured, beaten and killed

    9. Montgomery Bus Boycott • Rosa Parks: refused to give up seat on the bus “It was time for someone to stand up—or in my case, sit down.” • Just the spark needed to get action going • Montgomery Bus Boycott: political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system • 381 days • Martin Luther King, Jr: Civil rights activist and leader • King and 89 other boycott leaders and carpool drivers were indictedfor conspiring to interfere with a business under a 1921 ordinance. • Rather than wait to be arrested, they boldly turned themselves in as an act of defiance.

    10. Groups “Fighting” for Equality • Southern Christian Leadership Conference(SCLC): Nonviolent activists pushing for equality • Founded by MLK, Jr. and others • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee(SNCC): College group fighting for equality

    11. Movement Spreads • Ways African Americans fought to end segregation • Sit-ins: protesters sitting down and refusing to leave for a cause • Marches • Protests(violent and nonviolent) • First sit in was staged in Chicago at a local diner 1942 • 1960: African American students sat in an all white lunch counter in Greensboro

    12. Greensboro, North Carolina 1963

    13. The Triumphs of a Crusade

    14. Freedom Riders • Freedom rider: a civil rights activists who rode buses through the South in the early 1960s to challenge segregation • Goals • Call attention to the South’s refusal to abandon segregation. • Pressure Federal gov’t to enforce Supreme Court’s desegregation rulings.

    15. Freedom Riders Experience • Met resistance throughout the South • Beaten and arrested • Buses attacked Through it all the riders continued their mission

    16. Integrating Ole Miss • Sept 1962 – James Meredith won federal court case that would allow him to attend all-white University of Mississippi(Ole Miss) • Gov. Barnett refused to let him register • Kennedy order Marshals to escort Meredith to registrar’s office • Riots broke out in protest (2 deaths) • 200 arrests, 15 hours to stop rioters

    17. Birmingham, AL “This is the most segregated city in America.” ~MLK, Jr. • Known for tough segregation & racial violence(18 bombing in 8 yrs.) • MLK, Jr. & others were called down to help with the problems • After days of demonstrations King was arrested and put in jail • Wrote the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail” • After posting bail he continued lead demonstrations

    18. March on Washington • August 28, 1963 – 250,000 people marched on the nation’s capital • Goal: to spur passage for the civil rights bill • MLK, Jr. “I Have a Dream” speech In your opinion what was MLK, Jr. “American Dream”?

    19. More Violence in Birmingham • 4 Days after King’s speech in Washington 4 young girls were killed when a rider in a car hurled a bomb through their church window. • marked a turning point in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement and contributed to increased support for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin or religion in public places and most workplaces • Signed by Lyndon B. Johnson • MAJOR turning point in the fight for Civil Rights movement

    20. Tragedy in Dallas • November 22, 1963 President Kennedy and wife Jackie arrive in Texas for meeting • While riding in back seat of convertible Kennedy was shot in the head. • America’s Reaction • As news spread Americans reacted in disbelief • Devastation and anxiety spread

    21. Tragedy in Dallas • Suspect: Lee Harvey Oswald • 24 year old former Marine (dishonorable discharge) • Briefly lived in Soviet Union • While being transferred between jails Oswald was shot by a night club owner – Jack Ruby –who broke the crowd • With so many questions up in the air about this strange event many people began to question if it was a conspiracy • Warren Commission: committee put in place to investigate assassination • Concluded Oswald did shoot and kill Kennedy, acting on his own Conspiracy Theories http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sYmLf749K5U

    22. Kennedy Funeral • The nation stopped on the day of Kennedy’s funeral to mourn its fallen leader • Televised funeral – historic event Ask parents or grandparents and they all remember where they were the day Kennedy died Jack Kennedy saluting his father’s procession as it passes by

    23. Death of a President • Kennedy’s presidency • Created the Peace Corps: program of volunteer assistance to developing nation of Asia, Africa and Latin America • Pushed to land a man on the moon FIRST • Fought hard against poverty in America • Investigated racial injustices in the South, presenting a civil rights bill to Congress He was the people’s president

    24. In Steps Johnson Lyndon Baines Johnson(LBJ): 36th President of U.S. • Sworn into office aboard Air Force One • Earned a teaching degree in 1930 • Came from lower middle class Texas family • Ambition and drive became legendary Fun Fact To pay for college he took a year off to work at a Mexican American school. Taught public speaking and debate at Sam Houston High School Fought hard for education during his administration Had FDR as his mentor within politics

    25. Building a “Greater Society” • Johnson immediately made an impact with is war on poverty and Civil Rights Act of 1964 • Johnson’s vision summed up into the phrase Great Society • Education: provide federal aid for schools • Healthcare: Established Medicare & Medicaid • Housing: urban renewal • Immigration: Ended the quotas system based on nationality • Environment: Water Quality Act 1965 (clean up rivers) • Consumer Protection: Truth-in-packaging law

    26. More Positives for Johnson’s Great Society • Warren Court • Banned state sanctioned school prayer • Expanded Rights of the Accused (5th Amendment) • Miranda Rights, illegally seized evidence, free legal counsel, lawyer present during questioning • *Impact of Great Society • Changed U.S. forever • Extended the power and reach of the federal government • Poverty from 21% to 11% • national deficit – problem that will continue for decades • Lead to conservative backlash

    27. Freedom Summer • Freedom Summer: campaign to push for passage of voting rights act, focused in Mississippi • College students • Helped people register to vote • Mississippi Burning (Don’t write) • 3 Civil Rights workers disappeared • Later learned that Klansmen and local police had murdered the men

    28. Freedom Summer • Fannie Lou Hammer: became voice of campaign during 1964 Democratic National Convention • Daughter of sharecroppers • Shocked viewers by telling story of the arrest and beating she underwent while trying to register to vote

    29. March from Selma to Montgomery Mar 7, 1965 • Cameras caught the violence that broke out • Americans watched in horror as police officers whipped, beat and gassed the marchers • Led to more protesters coming to Selma for support • Pressured Johnson to pass voting rights act Led to Voting Rights Act of 1965: eliminating all literacy tests that disqualified many voters

    30. Violence Spreads from the South to the North Race riots stretched across the U.S. – 1967 reached 100 difference cities • Malcolm X: Civil Rights activist, supported violent action to win rights • Very intelligent • Got into trouble – 7 years in prison • While in prison discover Nation of Islam • After conflict of interest leaves Nation of Islam • Traveled with body guards after several attempts on his life • Assassinated Feb 16, 1965

    31. Malcolm X • While in prison he turned to Nation of Islam: religious group, a.k.a. Black Muslims • *Promote black separatism & Islamic religion • *Young Malcolm X: White’s the cause of black condition, they need to separate themselves from white society • *Older Malcolm X: Promoted work with world organizations and progressive whites

    32. Black Power • Black Power: Call for black people to begin to define their own goals and lead their own organizations • Coined by Stokely Carmichael • Black Panthers: organization established to fight police brutality in the ghetto • Established by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale

    33. 1968- Turning Point in Civil Rights • King’s Death : shot on hotel balcony by James Earl Ray Apr 3, 1968 • Riots sparked across the nation

    34. Civil Rights Gains • Kerner Commission: Committee put together by Johnson to study urban violence • Found 1 main cause: • Civil Rights Act of 1968: Ended discrimination in housing • Increased high school and college graduation rates • Greater pride in their racial identity • Increase in African Americans within the government • Increased # of registered African American voters White Racism